Psychology 163 – Developmental Psychology – Lecture 15 Parenting & Families. Warmth & Support. Baumrind (1977): Parenting Dimensions. Authoritarian ("Dictatorship")
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Warmth & Support Parenting & Families
"Shape, control, evaluate behavior in accordance with an absolute set of standards; values obedience, respect for authority, work, tradition, and preservation of order; discourage verbal give and take. These parents sometime reject their children if they don't live up to the parents standards."
When Elene takes Mark’s toy, Elene’s mother comes over, grabs her arm, and says in an angry voice, “Haven’t I warned you about taking others’ things? Return that toy now or you will not be able to watch TV tonight. I’m tired of you disobeying me!
"Attempt to behave in an accepting, positive way toward child's impulses, desires, actions; use little punishment; consult the child; makes few demands for household responsibility or order; allow child to regulate their own activities and avoid control; attempt to use reasoning, but not overt power to achieve objectives."
When Jeff takes away Angelina’s toy, Jeff’s mother does not intervene. She doesn’t like to discipline her son and usually does not try to control his actions, even though she is very affectionate with him in other situations.
"Direct children in rational, issue-oriented manner; encourage verbal give and take, explain reasons behind demands and discipline; use power when necessary; expect child to conform to adult requirements and to be independent and self-directed; child is expected to recognize the rights of others; parents set standards and enforce them firmly; listens to child, but do not base decisions primarily on child's desires."
When Kareem takes away Troy’s toy, Kareem’s mother takes him aside, points out that the toy belongs to Troy and that Kareem has made Troy upset. She also says, “Remember our rule about taking others’ things. Now think about how to make things right with Troy.” Her tone is firm but not hostile, and she waits to see if Kareem returns the toy.
“…heavily involved in other activities and has little time or attention to spare for the child. The uninvolved parent is likely to be motivated to do whatever is necessary to minimize the costs in time and effort of interaction with the child…In general, the parenting styles that are associated with low levels of involvement are likely to reflect a desire to keep the child at a distance…parents will tend to orient their behavior primarily toward the avoidance of inconvenience. Thus they will respond to immediate demands from the children in such a way as to terminate them (1983, p.p. 48-49).”
When Heather takes away Alonzo’s toy, Heather’s mother, as she does in most situations, pays no attention. She generally is not very involved with her child and would prefer that her husband deal with disciplining Heather. Even when Heather behaves well, her mother rarely hugs her or expresses approval of Heather or her behavior.
Say what you mean;
Mean what you say;
Do what you say you are going to do
Minimum standards set by the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Public Health Association:
2. Maximum group sizes of:
3.Formal training for caregivers (certification or college degree) in child development, early childhood education or related fields