Holistic approach and regional dimensions of environmental issues in the black sea region
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Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION. Holistic approach and regional dimensions of environmental issues in the Black Sea Region. assoc. prof. Daniela Toneva, PhD Technical University of Varna, Bulgaria dept. Ecology and Environmental Protection e-mail: [email protected]

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Holistic approach and regional dimensions of environmental issues in the black sea region

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Holistic approach and regional dimensions of environmental issues in the Black Sea Region

assoc. prof. Daniela Toneva, PhD

Technical University of Varna, Bulgaria

dept. Ecology and Environmental Protection

e-mail: [email protected]


What is holism what does the holistic approach means

What is holism? What does the holistic approach means?

  • The term holism was coined in 1926 by Jan Smuts in his book, Holism and Evolution.

  • Smuts defined holism as "The tendency in nature to form wholes that are greater than the sum of the parts through creative evolution”.

  • Holism may be is sometimes seen as the opposite of Reductionism.

  • Reductionism in science says that a complex system can be explained by reduction to its fundamental parts.

  • (For example, the processes of biology are reducible to chemistry and the laws of chemistry are explained by physics).


What is holism what does the holistic approach means1

What is holism? What does the holistic approach means?

  • Holism, in the contrary claims that:

  • The functionality of the systems is different from functionality of its main subsystems;

  • Even the full scale subsystem’s efficiency doesn’t necessarily means efficiency of the System

  • The complex systems, such as ecosystems and socio- systems evolving through meta-system transitions, when a new level(s) of complicity and hierarchy appears.


Meta system transition

Meta- system transition


Holistic approach environmental issues

Holistic approach + environmental issues = ?

  • The holistic approach considers the complex systems as a subsystems, a part

    of a higher range system

  • For example, each ecosystem is a part of the a higher range system - biosphere. All land and marine ecosystems are connected to each other and forms the biosphere. Something more, they are interconnected and interdependent.

  • In order to fully understand and predict the ecosystem’s behavior the holistic approach put focus on the hierarchical connections and the whole.


Implementation of holistic approach when

implementation of holistic approach when?

  • Strong hierarchical structures

  • Complexity

  • Variety of elements

  • Social issues

  • Economical issues

  • Environmental issues

  • Common challenges


Holistic approach in problem solving the implementation step by step

Holistic approach in problem solving. The implementation step by step


Holistic approach in problem solving how to implement it easier

Holistic approach in problem solving. How to implement it easier?

  • We define the issues as local, national, regional, global…, but our definition of the environmental issues depends of our capacity, knowledge, experience and perspective!

  • To achieve better results and to benefit more from holistic approach implementation:

  • Mapping: not only the local and national dimensions of the issue, but also the regional dimensions

  • Follow the aim – ensure the regional impact of your action

  • Networking – cooperate and provide mutual learning process

  • Coordination – work together as a higher range System


National and regional dimensions of environmental issues in the black sea region

National and Regional dimensions of environmental issues in the Black Sea Region

I Offer You a Challenge:

  • Write down at least 3 dimensions of environmental issues (for your country or costal area)

  • Write down at least 3 regional dimensions of environmental issues in the Black Sea Region

  • Now Compeer


Water management

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Water management


Fishery and aquaculture

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Fishery and aquaculture


Costal management

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Costal management


Deforestation

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

deforestation


Nature

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Nature


Energy and energy sources

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Energy and energy sources


Pollution and loss of biodiversity

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Pollution and loss of biodiversity


Waist treatment

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Waist treatment


Public awareness and education

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Public awareness and Education


Preservation and protected areas

Preservation and protected areas


Addressing common challenges

addressing common challenges

  • Feedback from the documents:

  • Agenda 21

  • Black Sea Biodiversity and Landscape Conservation (2002)

  • The Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (Bucharest)

  • NATURA 2000

  • Black Sea Basin JOP


Holistic approach and regional dimensions of environmental issues in the black sea region

Programme funded by the EUROPEAN UNION

Stop looking at the tree!

SEE THE FOREST!

Thank you for your attention!


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