INSTITUTIONALIZATION AS REMEDY FOR THE ‘DOROTHY COMPLEX’?. Didem Buhari- Gulmez (PhD, University of London). ‘Dorothy complex’. “We construct worlds we know in a world we don’t.” (Onuf 1989: 94)
(PhD, University of London)
“…that they [constructivists] believe in the Dorothy principle—that extant reality, as in the Land of Oz, can be changed by closing one’s eyes and wishing hard.”
(Ruggie 1998: 33)
- a ‘utopian’ theory
- If something is everything, then it is nothing!
(e.g. Guzzini, Hopf, Katzenstein)
(Meyer, Drori and Hwang 2006)
(Meyer & Jepperson 2000)
(Gigerenzer and Gaissmaier 2011:454)
opt in opt-out
12% German donors --- 99% French donors
(Gigerenzer and Gaissmaier 2011: 454)
(Klein and Chiang 2004: 137)
[T]he question ‘Who legitimates?’ is largely answered by pointing to a variety of nestling, cross-cutting and overlapping communities (including the nascent global one) rather than to aggregates of individuals making deliberated choices as free-standing agents.
(Etzioni 2011: 106)
(Etzioni 2011: 108)
e.g. State-affiliated actors vs. civil society
-formal compliance # implementation
-no formal compliance # non-implementation
(Hafner-Burton and Tsutsui 2005:1378)
Ombudsmanship is a globally endorsed institution.
Turkey’s Cyprus policy:
‘EU’s conditional pressures on Turkey are one-sided and the main platform for negotiation on Cyprus conflict is the United Nations.’
Foreign land ownership:
‘Need to observe both reciprocity (sovereignty) and human rights.’
Frank, David J., Ann Hironaka, and Evan Schofer. (2000) ‘The Nation-State and the Natural Environment over the Twentieth Century’, American Sociological Review, 65(1): 96–116.
Hafner-Burton, Emilie, and KiyoteruTsutsui (2005) “Human rights in a Globalizing World: The Paradox of Empty Promises”, American Journal of Sociology 110(5):1373–1411.
Jepperson, Ronald. (1991) Institutions, Institutional Effects, and Institutionalism. In The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis, ed. Walter Powell and Paul DiMaggio. pp. 143-163.
Meyer, John W., and Ronald Jepperson. (2000) The ‘Actors’ of Modern Society: The Cultural Construction of Social Agency. Sociological Theory 18: 100–120.
Meyer, John W., Gili S. Drori, and Hokyu Hwang (2006) “Conclusion.” In Globalization and Organization: World Society and Organizational Change. Edited by Gili S. Drori, John W. Meyer, and Hokyu Hwang, 258-274. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Onuf, Nicholas G. (1989) World of Our Making: Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations, Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
Ruggie, John Gerard (1998) Constructing the World Polity: Essays on International Institutionalization, London: Routledge.
Schofer, Evan (2003) ‘The Global Institutionalization of Geological Science, 1800–1990’, American Sociological Review, 68(5): 730–759.
Suchman, Mark C. (1995) Managing Legitimacy: Strategic and Institutional Approaches. Academy of Management Review 20(3):571–610.