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Biodiversity Conservation & The GEF. BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION & THE GEF WHY BIODIVERSITY? STILL IN AN ERA OF DISCOVERY THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY SETTING PRIORITIES: HOTSPOTS MADAGASCAR: A MICROCOSM AND AN ON-THE GROUND REALITY CHECK HIGH BIODIVERSITY WILDERNESS AREAS

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Biodiversity Conservation & The GEF

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Biodiversity conservation the gef

Biodiversity Conservation

&

The GEF


Biodiversity conservation the gef

BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

&

THE GEF

WHY BIODIVERSITY?

STILL IN AN ERA OF DISCOVERY

THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY

SETTING PRIORITIES:

HOTSPOTS

MADAGASCAR: A MICROCOSM AND AN ON-THE GROUND REALITY CHECK

HIGH BIODIVERSITY WILDERNESS AREAS

THE GUIANA SHIELD

THE GEF AND ITS CRITICAL ROLE

PAST PERFORMANCE AND PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE


Biodiversity conservation the gef

What is Biodiversity?

That wealth of genes, species, ecosystems and ecological processes that makes our living planet what it is

The sum total of all life on Earth

Our living legacy to future generations

The basic underpinning of

sustainable development


Biodiversity conservation the gef

# Species Known

to Science

~1.9

million


Biodiversity conservation the gef

Total Number of Species ?

5 million ?

10 million ?

30 million ?


Biodiversity conservation the gef

95

New Primate Species

Described Since

1990

(~20% of all known species)


Lemurs of madagascar field guide

Lemurs of Madagascar - Field Guide

1994:50 2006:71 2010: 101 2012: 103


Biodiversity conservation the gef

We are living in an exciting new era of Species Discovery


Biodiversity conservation the gef

Why Biodiversity ?

Intrinsic Value / Moral Imperative

Aesthetic Value

Cultural Value

Economic Value of Species

Biomimicry

Agriculture – Maintaining Genetic Diverrsity

Recreation / Ecotourism

Ecosystem Services

Forests and Fresh Water

Pollination

Disaster Prevention (Fires, Floods, Tsunamis)

Forests and Climate: REDD+

Oceans and Climate: Blue Carbon


Biodiversity conservation the gef

Human Well-Being

Ecosystem Services

Biodiversity


Biodiversity conservation the gef

TEEB, a global study on the economics of biodiversity launched its key findings

and responses at the CBD

One of the most influential findings was that

The net present value of services

from forest ecosystems

that we lose each year

is estimated at

1.35 trillion and

3 trillion Euros

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)


Biodiversity conservation the gef

  • Colombia as pilot site

Wealth

Accounting

and the

Valuation of

Ecosystem

Services


Biodiversity conservation the gef

  • Rio+20


Biodiversity conservation the gef

World Bank

50 / 50 Commitment

on

Natural Capital Accounting

by Countries and Corporations


Biodiversity conservation the gef

Demonstrating that

Renewable Natural Capital needs to be central to long-term Sustainable Development


Biodiversity conservation the gef

Green

Economies


Biodiversity conservation the gef

THREATS

TO

BIODIVERSITY


Biodiversity conservation the gef

Priorities, New Opportunities,

and New Directions


Shortly after this vist

Shortly after this vist…


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