PSYCHOLOGY. Theories of Emotion. Questions:. What’s the connection between what we think & feel? Can we change the way we feel by changing our thoughts? Can we experience emotion before thinking?. Questions:. Give an example of how an emotion/emotions has affected your thinking?
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Theories of Emotion
# your paper 1-7
Rate 7 cartoons on level of funniness 1-5
1 = Not funny at all
5 = Very funny
1. Those students induced to smile (pen held in with the teeth) rate the cartoon as funnier then those induced to frown (pen held with the lips).
2. The results of the experiment suggest that facial expressions help determine emotional reactions.
3. Consistent w/ James-Lange theory
1. physiological arousal
2. expressive behaviors
3. conscious experience
(emotion)James-Lange Theory of Emotion
1. James & Lange Theory
Evidence to support:
Implications: want to feel happy?, start smiling, look cheerful, act joyful
(emotion)Cannon-BardTheory of Emotion
2. Cannon & Bard Theory
J-L or C-B
J-L or C-B
“I’m afraid”Schachter’s Two-Factor Theory of Emotion
3. Schachter’s Two-Factor Theory of Emotion
Therefore emotional experience requires conscious thought of the arousal
Thoughts are an essential ingredient of emotion - 2 ingredients: physical arousal & cognitive label
Situation: Injection of hormone (epinephrine),
waiting room w/euphoric or irritated accomplice
Work out at gym, come home & husband says “what’s for supper?”
Responses: “What do you mean what’s for supper? I work all day too. Why don’t you figure it out!” or Steak honey it is going to be awesome!
Verses the response you might have if you were not aroused & calm, how you interpret & label the question, etc.
Eye or ear via thalamus (switchboard) & amygdala (emotional control center)
valenceTwo Dimensions (valance & arousal)
2 factor theory