Themes. The United States moved from the country to the city in the post-Civil War decades. Mushrooming urban development was exciting but it also created severe social problems, including overcrowding and slums. Main Ideas.
“Native” Americans blamed immigrants for the corruption of the urban government.
Since churches mostly failed to take stands against urban suffering, people began to question the mission of the churches.
Booker T. Washington headed a black normal and industrial school in Tuskegee, Alabama – he believed in Blacks helping themselves first before gaining more rights.