1. Assess the personality of Louis XIV. What do the quotes reveal about himself? 2. Do you think that Louis XIV lives up to the title, absolute monarch? Examples?. ABSOLUTISM. FRANCE. Louis XIV “The Sun King”. Louis XIV: The Sun King. King of France (1643-1715).
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1. Assess the personality of Louis XIV. What do the quotes reveal about himself? 2. Do you think that Louis XIV lives up to the title, absolute monarch? Examples?
“The Sun King”
Louis XIV: The Sun King
King of France (1643-1715)
Cardinal Mazarin ushered in the reign of Louis XIV by setting up a powerful royal state for the young king.
"I could sooner reconcile all Europe than two women"
Personal household of king
Location of central government machinery
Place of favor and offices
(of particular interest to courtiers)
“I very nearly had to wait!”
The reign of Louis XIV set the standard for absolute monarchies and aristocracies in Europe.
Intendants (eyes and ears of ministers)
Royal patronage (bribed key officials)
"It is legal because I wish it."
Louis XIV replaced high nobles and royal princes with new nobility that could be more easily controlled
Religious Policy: “One king, one law, one faith.” Louis XIV repressed the French Huguenot population
St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
Louis became a key patron of science…
Palace of Versailles:
Residence of king
Reception hall for state affairs
Offices for members of government
Home for thousands of royal officials and aristocratic courtiers
Versailles became the symbol of the absolutist state of France and the power of the Sun King. It was intended to impress foreign powers
Louis XIV Crossing the Pont Neuf, c. 1666
Louis XIV in Glory After the Peace of Nijmegen, 1681
Nobles assisted the king with the following activities:
Rising from bed, dining, praying, mass, going to bed, handing the king his shirt during dressing.
The Hall of Mirrors
The Queen’s bedroom
The King’s study
Louis XIV’s quest for military glory led to many wars which drained the French treasury and left France with many enemies in Europe
“I am the state.”
(Note: He probably never said it!)