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1. Assess the personality of Louis XIV. What do the quotes reveal about himself? 2. Do you think that Louis XIV lives up to the title, absolute monarch? Examples?. ABSOLUTISM. FRANCE. Louis XIV “The Sun King”. Louis XIV: The Sun King. King of France (1643-1715).

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ABSOLUTISM

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1. Assess the personality of Louis XIV. What do the quotes reveal about himself? 2. Do you think that Louis XIV lives up to the title, absolute monarch? Examples?


ABSOLUTISM

FRANCE

Louis XIV

“The Sun King”


Louis XIV: The Sun King

King of France (1643-1715)


Cardinal Mazarin ushered in the reign of Louis XIV by setting up a powerful royal state for the young king.


"I could sooner reconcile all Europe than two women"


Royal Court:

Personal household of king

Location of central government machinery

Place of favor and offices

(of particular interest to courtiers)


“I very nearly had to wait!”


The reign of Louis XIV set the standard for absolute monarchies and aristocracies in Europe.


Province Rule:

Hereditary Officeholders

Intendants (eyes and ears of ministers)

Royal patronage (bribed key officials)


"It is legal because I wish it."


Louis XIV replaced high nobles and royal princes with new nobility that could be more easily controlled


Religious Policy: “One king, one law, one faith.” Louis XIV repressed the French Huguenot population

St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre


Louis became a key patron of science…


Palace of Versailles:

Residence of king

Reception hall for state affairs

Offices for members of government

Home for thousands of royal officials and aristocratic courtiers


Versailles became the symbol of the absolutist state of France and the power of the Sun King. It was intended to impress foreign powers


Louis XIV Crossing the Pont Neuf, c. 1666


Louis XIV in Glory After the Peace of Nijmegen, 1681


Daily Ceremonies

Nobles assisted the king with the following activities:

Rising from bed, dining, praying, mass, going to bed, handing the king his shirt during dressing.


The Hall of Mirrors


The Queen’s bedroom


The King’s study


Louis XIV’s quest for military glory led to many wars which drained the French treasury and left France with many enemies in Europe


“I am the state.”

--Louis XIV

(Note: He probably never said it!)


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