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ABSOLUTISM PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1. Assess the personality of Louis XIV. What do the quotes reveal about himself? 2. Do you think that Louis XIV lives up to the title, absolute monarch? Examples?. ABSOLUTISM. FRANCE. Louis XIV “The Sun King”. Louis XIV: The Sun King. King of France (1643-1715).

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ABSOLUTISM

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Absolutism

1. Assess the personality of Louis XIV. What do the quotes reveal about himself? 2. Do you think that Louis XIV lives up to the title, absolute monarch? Examples?


Absolutism

ABSOLUTISM

FRANCE

Louis XIV

“The Sun King”


Absolutism

Louis XIV: The Sun King

King of France (1643-1715)


Absolutism

Cardinal Mazarin ushered in the reign of Louis XIV by setting up a powerful royal state for the young king.


Absolutism

"I could sooner reconcile all Europe than two women"


Absolutism

Royal Court:

Personal household of king

Location of central government machinery

Place of favor and offices

(of particular interest to courtiers)


Absolutism

“I very nearly had to wait!”


Absolutism

The reign of Louis XIV set the standard for absolute monarchies and aristocracies in Europe.


Absolutism

Province Rule:

Hereditary Officeholders

Intendants (eyes and ears of ministers)

Royal patronage (bribed key officials)


Absolutism

"It is legal because I wish it."


Absolutism

Louis XIV replaced high nobles and royal princes with new nobility that could be more easily controlled


Absolutism

Religious Policy: “One king, one law, one faith.” Louis XIV repressed the French Huguenot population

St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre


Absolutism

Louis became a key patron of science…


Absolutism

Palace of Versailles:

Residence of king

Reception hall for state affairs

Offices for members of government

Home for thousands of royal officials and aristocratic courtiers


Absolutism

Versailles became the symbol of the absolutist state of France and the power of the Sun King. It was intended to impress foreign powers


Absolutism

Louis XIV Crossing the Pont Neuf, c. 1666


Absolutism

Louis XIV in Glory After the Peace of Nijmegen, 1681


Absolutism

Daily Ceremonies

Nobles assisted the king with the following activities:

Rising from bed, dining, praying, mass, going to bed, handing the king his shirt during dressing.


Absolutism

The Hall of Mirrors


Absolutism

The Queen’s bedroom


Absolutism

The King’s study


Absolutism

Louis XIV’s quest for military glory led to many wars which drained the French treasury and left France with many enemies in Europe


Absolutism

“I am the state.”

--Louis XIV

(Note: He probably never said it!)


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