Anchoring mooring
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Anchoring & Mooring. Many sailors consider the art of anchoring to be the “Quintessential Seaman’s Act”, i.e., linking sea to land. Preparation: Ground Tackle Deck Clear Crew Informed Approach: 3-6 Boat Lengths DW Head into the Wind LOWER Anchor, payout

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Anchoring & Mooring

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Anchoring mooring

Anchoring & Mooring


Anchoring mooring

Many sailors consider the art of anchoring to be the “Quintessential Seaman’s Act”, i.e., linking sea to land


Anchoring approach under sail

Preparation:

Ground Tackle

Deck Clear

Crew Informed

Approach:

3-6 Boat Lengths DW

Head into the Wind

LOWER Anchor, payout

Cleat at 4:1, Check Holding, Payout to 7:1

Lower Main Sail

Anchoring Approach Under Sail


Anchoring under power

Anchoring Under Power


Scope

Scope

  • 7:1 – Adequate

  • 4:1 – Calm

  • 10:1 – High Seas

  • Chain Rode

  • Tides

  • Freeboard


Setting the anchor

Setting the Anchor


Properly set anchors

Properly Set Anchors


Is your anchor secure

Is Your Anchor Secure?


Anchoring decisions

Anchoring Decisions


Making the approach

Making the Approach

  • Decide How Your Boat Will Lie

  • Check How Other Boats in the Vicinity are Lying

  • Decide if Wind or Tide/Current Will have the Most effect on Your Boat

  • Always approach into the Strongest Element

  • When in Doubt – Approach into the Tide/Current


Using the chart

Using The Chart

  • “Cruising Guides”

  • Look for Anchor Symbol

  • Special Anchorage Areas (magenta Outline)

    • No Lights < 20m, 65’

  • NEVER Anchor in:

    • Cable or Pipeline Areas

      • Marked by Broken Lines

    • In Marked Channels

    • Swim Areas


Use of range markers

Use of Range Markers

  • Can Use Any Pair of Fixed Objects to Establish a “Range”

  • Help Check That Anchor is Not Dragging

  • Ideal Spot to Drop Anchor is at the Intersection of Two Ranges


Anchoring mooring

  • Excellent Holding – Mix of Mud & Clay, Sandy Mud

  • Good – Firm Sand if your anchor will bite deeply

  • Bad – Loose Sand or Soft Mud

  • Ugly – Rocks, Rip Rap, Tall Weeds


Picking up a mooring buoy

Picking Up a Mooring Buoy


Hand signals

Hand Signals


Arriving at mooring under sail wind ahead of the beam

Arriving at Mooring Under Sail:Wind Ahead of the Beam

  • Use Mainsail Only

    • Avoid Flapping Headsail

    • Danger to Deck Crew

    • Better Field of Vision

  • Approach on Close Reach

    • De-power to control speed

  • Complete Stop

    • Mooring Ball on Windward

  • Secure Mooring Line

    • Use Bridle

    • Lower Mainsail


Arriving at mooring under sail wind aft of the beam

Arriving at Mooring Under Sail:Wind Aft of the Beam

  • Use Headsail Only

    • If strong wind, may have to furl headsail, or come in under bare poles

  • Approach - Dead Run

    • De-Power to control speed

  • Loose the sheet to stop


Leaving mooring under sail wind ahead of the beam

Leaving Mooring Under Sail:Wind Ahead of the Beam

  • Use Mainsail Only

    • Hoist the mainsail and let it flap

  • Use Mooring Line to Gain Steerage

  • Mainsail Fills as Boat Veers Off Wind

  • When Clear of Mooring and Other Boats, OK to Raise Headsail


Leaving mooring under sail wind aft of the beam

Leaving Mooring Under Sail:Wind Aft of the Beam

  • Use Headsail Only

    • Hoist headsail and let it flap until ready to drop mooring line

  • Sheet In the Headsail

    • Gradually Sail Away

  • Sail into Clear Water

    • Turn into wind

    • Hoist Mainsail

    • Set preferred course


Using two anchors

Using Two Anchors

  • Reduce Swing if Tide Changes (Bahamian Moor)

  • For Extra Security in a Strong Wind or High Sea


Bahamian mooring

Bahamian Mooring


Use of a sentinel

Use of a Sentinel


Use of a buoy

Use of a Buoy


Rafting at a mooring buoy

Rafting at a Mooring Buoy


Rafting at a dock

Rafting at a Dock


Mediterranean mooring

Mediterranean Mooring

  • Only Used If No Tide

  • Saves Space Alongside

  • Easy For Boats to Come and Go w/o Disturbing Others

  • Bow In – More Private

  • Stern In – Easier to Get Ashore


Turning using warps

Turning Using Warps


Weighing anchor

Weighing Anchor


Using a tripping line

Using a Tripping line


Take home thought

“Take Home” Thought …

  • “It is land, not the sea, that is a ship’s greatest enemy”

  • So … If you plan to avoid a an unexpected run in with land, choose and use your ground tackle wisely


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