Anchoring mooring
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Anchoring & Mooring. Many sailors consider the art of anchoring to be the “Quintessential Seaman’s Act”, i.e., linking sea to land. Preparation: Ground Tackle Deck Clear Crew Informed Approach: 3-6 Boat Lengths DW Head into the Wind LOWER Anchor, payout

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Anchoring & Mooring

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Anchoring & Mooring


Many sailors consider the art of anchoring to be the “Quintessential Seaman’s Act”, i.e., linking sea to land


Preparation:

Ground Tackle

Deck Clear

Crew Informed

Approach:

3-6 Boat Lengths DW

Head into the Wind

LOWER Anchor, payout

Cleat at 4:1, Check Holding, Payout to 7:1

Lower Main Sail

Anchoring Approach Under Sail


Anchoring Under Power


Scope

  • 7:1 – Adequate

  • 4:1 – Calm

  • 10:1 – High Seas

  • Chain Rode

  • Tides

  • Freeboard


Setting the Anchor


Properly Set Anchors


Is Your Anchor Secure?


Anchoring Decisions


Making the Approach

  • Decide How Your Boat Will Lie

  • Check How Other Boats in the Vicinity are Lying

  • Decide if Wind or Tide/Current Will have the Most effect on Your Boat

  • Always approach into the Strongest Element

  • When in Doubt – Approach into the Tide/Current


Using The Chart

  • “Cruising Guides”

  • Look for Anchor Symbol

  • Special Anchorage Areas (magenta Outline)

    • No Lights < 20m, 65’

  • NEVER Anchor in:

    • Cable or Pipeline Areas

      • Marked by Broken Lines

    • In Marked Channels

    • Swim Areas


Use of Range Markers

  • Can Use Any Pair of Fixed Objects to Establish a “Range”

  • Help Check That Anchor is Not Dragging

  • Ideal Spot to Drop Anchor is at the Intersection of Two Ranges


  • Excellent Holding – Mix of Mud & Clay, Sandy Mud

  • Good – Firm Sand if your anchor will bite deeply

  • Bad – Loose Sand or Soft Mud

  • Ugly – Rocks, Rip Rap, Tall Weeds


Picking Up a Mooring Buoy


Hand Signals


Arriving at Mooring Under Sail:Wind Ahead of the Beam

  • Use Mainsail Only

    • Avoid Flapping Headsail

    • Danger to Deck Crew

    • Better Field of Vision

  • Approach on Close Reach

    • De-power to control speed

  • Complete Stop

    • Mooring Ball on Windward

  • Secure Mooring Line

    • Use Bridle

    • Lower Mainsail


Arriving at Mooring Under Sail:Wind Aft of the Beam

  • Use Headsail Only

    • If strong wind, may have to furl headsail, or come in under bare poles

  • Approach - Dead Run

    • De-Power to control speed

  • Loose the sheet to stop


Leaving Mooring Under Sail:Wind Ahead of the Beam

  • Use Mainsail Only

    • Hoist the mainsail and let it flap

  • Use Mooring Line to Gain Steerage

  • Mainsail Fills as Boat Veers Off Wind

  • When Clear of Mooring and Other Boats, OK to Raise Headsail


Leaving Mooring Under Sail:Wind Aft of the Beam

  • Use Headsail Only

    • Hoist headsail and let it flap until ready to drop mooring line

  • Sheet In the Headsail

    • Gradually Sail Away

  • Sail into Clear Water

    • Turn into wind

    • Hoist Mainsail

    • Set preferred course


Using Two Anchors

  • Reduce Swing if Tide Changes (Bahamian Moor)

  • For Extra Security in a Strong Wind or High Sea


Bahamian Mooring


Use of a Sentinel


Use of a Buoy


Rafting at a Mooring Buoy


Rafting at a Dock


Mediterranean Mooring

  • Only Used If No Tide

  • Saves Space Alongside

  • Easy For Boats to Come and Go w/o Disturbing Others

  • Bow In – More Private

  • Stern In – Easier to Get Ashore


Turning Using Warps


Weighing Anchor


Using a Tripping line


“Take Home” Thought …

  • “It is land, not the sea, that is a ship’s greatest enemy”

  • So … If you plan to avoid a an unexpected run in with land, choose and use your ground tackle wisely


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