Adaptation Strategies for Reducing Vulnerability to Future Environmental Change. Ioan Fazey Gamarra, J., Fischer, J., Reed, M.S., Stringer, L.C., Christie, M. [email protected]
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Adaptation Strategies for Reducing Vulnerability to Future Environmental Change
Gamarra, J., Fischer, J., Reed, M.S., Stringer, L.C., Christie, [email protected]
Key message: Responses to environmental change often exacerbate problems or create new ones, so we need to be careful in the way we respond/adapt to change.
Fazey, I., Gamarra, J.G.P., Fischer, J., Reed, M.S., Stringer, L., Christie, M., In Press. Adaptation strategies to reduce vulnerability to future environmental change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.
3 key prerequisites to prevent increases in vulnerability to future change:
Responses need to:
Without removal, impacts can increase or be reinforced by responses;
Bio-physical and human behavioural causes
Removal of ultimate causes
Change in Behaviour
NO CHANGE/ REMOVAL
Reduction in Bio-Physical Factor
T. Hartel and C. Moga
Response diversity becomes more important as rates of change increase;
Need to remove conditions that constrain, and design policies that directly enhance, response diversity;
Implementing effective adaptation is much more complex than is often perceived;
Most strategies do not result in changes in human behaviour;
Very little consideration of the ‘lock-in’ effects of responses;
Challenges in maintaining capacities for people to change;
Complexity and uncertainty around adaptation highlights importance of mitigation;
Complexity provides opportunities as well as difficulties.