Disease surveillance
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การเฝ้าระวังโรค ( Disease Surveillance). นายปรัศนี ชูรัตน์ ส่วนป้องกันและบำบัดโรคสัตว์ สำนักสุขศาสตร์สัตว์และสุขอนามัยที่ 7. เค้าโครงเนื้อหา. ความหมาย. จุดประสงค์. รูปแบบ. วิธีการ. เป้าหมาย. ความหมาย จุดประสงค์ รูปแบบ วิธีการ เป้าหมาย. ความหมาย ( US CDC ).

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การเฝ้าระวังโรค ( Disease Surveillance)

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(Disease Surveillance)

7



(US CDC)



  • /






/


/

prrs





?


.. 2547

?


(1)


1196

(17/1196)

- 0.24% (0.37-1.12%)

(14/721 )

- 1.0% (0.46-1.48%)

(3/475)

- 0.0% (0.00-0.36%)

(2)

(9/160)

3.9% (2.21-5.56%)


(3)




-(Active vs. Passive Surveillance)


- 15 5


(Sero-surveillance)


(Clinical Surveillance)

  • :


(Laboratory Surveillance)


(Risk-based Surveillance)


  • voluntary notification

  • mandatory notification

  • outbreak investigation

  • sentinel surveillance

  • survey

  • census


  • voluntary notification


  • mandatory notification

    • ...

    • ()


  • outbreak investigation


  • sentinel surveillance

    • /


  • survey


  • census



Sample

Sampling

Population

Target Population

(Target) Population Sampling Population Sample


Sample size to estimate a prevalence or for questionnaire

Sample size as a function of population size, prevalence, % of acceptable error

Expected Prevalence (Probability)

A Acceptable error, B Confidence Interval, C Expected prevalence (probability),

D Number of flocks to be sampled (95% confidence interval)


(Sampling design)

  • - Simple random sampling

  • - Systematic random sampling

  • - Cluster random sampling

  • - Stratified random sampling

  • - Multistage random sampling


    • ....

    • ....


  • /


10 5


Health Service Unit

Province

Zone/region

National

Publication

Regional

Hospitals

General

Hospitals

Bureau

of Epidemiology

Report data

Provincial Public Health Offices

Report data

Community

Hospitals

Health

Centres

Regional office of Disease Prevention and Control

Private

Hospitals


  • /



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