Emile Durkheim’s Elementary Forms Of Religious Life. Role of Religion? To influence and reinforce societal integration by legitimating society’s values and norms. Natural must exist. Not always mysterious. Atheistic Religions Proscriptive Rituals Prescriptive Rituals. What Is Religion?.
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Role of Religion?
To influence and reinforce societal integration by legitimating society’s values and norms
Not always mysterious
Prescriptive RitualsWhat Is Religion?
The world of mystery, the unknowable, the incomprehensible
Belief in someone on whom we must and can depend . . . GOD!
RITUALSWhat Is Religion?
BELIEFS and RITUAL PRACTICES
SACRED and PROFANE
“Bounded groups that profess the sacred beliefs and practice the sacred rituals”
Definition of Religion?
“A religion is a unified system of BELIEFS AND PRACTICES relative to SACRED things . . . which unite into one single moral community called a CHURCH all those who adhere to them.” (p. 44)
Functions Of Religion?
Provide Meaning And Purpose
The Future Of Religion?
The appearance of large and complex nation-states will cause a decline of religion and something else will take over religion’s role.