S yntax . Structures of sentences. Syntax is…. Openness Ordering words in sequences to express meanings for which no separate word exists. Meanings we want to express far outstretch the resources provided by the lexicon & morphology. Syntax is…. Openness
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Structures of sentences
Simples Ss or their modified versions = clauses
Same phrase patterns (NP VP PP) but NP is an Actor ‘doers of event’ (in 1) and an Undergoer ‘patient or sufferer’ (in 2)… (Verb = Event)