Summer planted oats these can t be the ones grandpa grew
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Summer planted oats . . . these can’t be the ones Grandpa grew!. Stan Smith OSU Extension-Fairfield County Curt Stivison Fairfield County SWCD. Forget everything you thought you knew about oats!!.

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Summer planted oats . . . these can’t be the ones Grandpa grew!

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Summer planted oats these can t be the ones grandpa grew

Summer planted oats . . . these can’t be the ones Grandpa grew!

Stan Smith OSU Extension-Fairfield County

Curt Stivison Fairfield County SWCD


Forget everything you thought you knew about oats

Forget everything you thought you knew about oats!!


Oats could be our most productive forage

Oats could be our most productive FORAGE?


This is not a grain crop this is a forage crop

This is NOT a grain crop This is a FORAGE crop


Quality of oats no tilled into wheat planted 8 15 2005 sampled 2 3 2006

Quality of Oats No-tilled into WheatPlanted 8/15/2005 Sampled 2/3/2006

Leaves and Stems Leaves Only

Moisture6.25%5.56%

Crude Protein11.62%11.57%

ADF44.21%43.49%

TDN56.80%56.80%

Net Energy

Mcal/100#41.3 42.0


This is what oats can do for you

This is what oats can do for you

Planted July 10, 2007 after Wheat

46# Nitrogen

Dry Matter 9321#

10% Protein

September 19,2007

Planted July 10, 2006 after Wheat

27# Nitrogen

Dry Matter 7000#

15% Protein

September 27, 2006

Photo 9/23/06, seeded with 2 bu. of feed oats, 27 lbs N, baled ~ 7 tons of 15+ % protein forage dry matter 10/0


Summer planted oats these can t be the ones grandpa grew

80# Armour Oats Aerial Broadcast onto Corn August 26, 2003Cost $22.00 Dry Matter 1604#Corn Harvested October 25, 2003

October 23, 2003


Summer planted oats these can t be the ones grandpa grew

110# Oats Aerial Broadcast onto Soybeans September 4, 2007 Dry Matter 1120# December 19, 2007 15.27% Protein/21.23% ADF/33.88 NDF/73.93% TDN Cost $30.00


Late planted oats forage

Late planted oats = forage

  • Plant after the equinox, up til early September

  • Plant 64 to 120 pounds

  • Plant the cheapest oats you can find

  • No-til, lightly til, broadcast

  • Fertilize?

  • Multiple grazings and/or harvests?


Let s look at the costs

Let’s look at the costs

  • 100 pounds of oats @ .16 = $16

  • Planting

    • No-till, $15 / acre

    • Aerial seeding, $10 - $13

  • Fertilizer, ~ 40 units of N @ 60 cents

  • P & K removal = 14 lbs P (.55), 50 lbs K(.40)

  • P & K removal for oats are essentially the same as for any hay crop.

  • Total costs = < $55/acre + $27.70/T (P&K)

  • Yield = 0.5 to 5 ton/ac of HIGH QUALITY feed!


Summer planted oats these can t be the ones grandpa grew

No-tilled into Wheat Stubble July 7, 200746# NitrogenDry Matter 4686#10.43% Protein/40.48% ADF/47.92% TDNSeptember 18, 2007


Graz in september 18 2007

Graz’in September 18, 2007


Graz in march 17 2003 crude protein 11 12

Graz’in March 17, 2003Crude Protein 11.12%


Baling oats december 26 2007

Baling Oats December 26, 2007


Summer planted oats these can t be the ones grandpa grew

No-tilled into Wheat Stubble August 15, 200745# Nitrogen Applied Dry Matter 6203#11.36% Protein/39.9% ADF/61.47% NDF/48.73% TDNDecember 19, 2007


Things we know

Things We Know

  • Oats can supply quality livestock feed at a reasonable cost throughout the fall and winter.

  • Dry matter amount doubles between 4 weeks and 6 weeks.

  • Oats can be harvested many ways.

  • July planted oats have smaller leaves than August planted oats.

  • Quality does not change much after frosted.

  • Differences from year to year in yields and quality are mostly weather related.

  • Despite the drought in 2007, in most cases summer planted oats out yielded perennial hay crops.


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