Greece and Medieval Europe Theme: Alternatives to centralized empire. Lesson 8. Part 1: Greece. ID & SIG:. advantages of women in Sparta, cults, Hellenikon, helot, patriarchal society, polis, Athens, Corinth, democracy, oligarchy, Pericles, Solon, Sparta, tyrants. Mycenaean Society.
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Greeceand Medieval EuropeTheme: Alternatives to centralized empire
Part 1: Greece
The Trojan Horse
The Acropolis of Athens
Sparta, Athens, Corinth
ca. 530 BC-480 BC
Rule by a few
Power was in the hands of five men called Ephores who were elected annually by the Council of Elders
Government by people of honor
All Ephores were over the age of 60 and had completed their military career
The Ephores controlled all daily life in Sparta
Rule by a hereditary sovereign
Under the five Ephores there were two Kings that came from the two noble families of Sparta
With divine approval, shown in an oracle or an omen, the Ephores had the power to force the Kings’ abdication
Election based on numerical majority
Under the Kings were the Council of the Elders.
The council passed laws and elected the five Ephores
Beneath them all you had the rest of the free Spartan men who voted for the Council of Elders
ballots made from pieces of pottery
tyrant of Corinth
Part 2: Medieval EuropeTheme: Order in the absence of empire
Viking long ship