Aristotle s six ingredients to classical tragedy
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Aristotle’s Six Ingredients to Classical Tragedy . 1. Nobility. The individual involved has to be a member of upper nobility in order to be a tragic hero. 2. Hamartia.

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Aristotle’s Six Ingredients to Classical Tragedy

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Aristotle s six ingredients to classical tragedy

Aristotle’s Six Ingredients to Classical Tragedy


1 nobility

1. Nobility

  • The individual involved has to be a member of upper nobility in order to be a tragic hero


2 hamartia

2. Hamartia

  • The tragic hero must have some kind of flaw (hamartia) which might include a mistake in judgment or HUBRIS (pride), the greatest sin of all.


3 reversal

3. Reversal

  • The story must contain some type of obvious reversal. This could be a reversal in attitude or fortune.


4 suffering

4. Suffering

  • Not all tragic heroes die, but all suffer. Sometimes the suffering is mental, sometimes physical, however it is always great suffering.


5 self awareness or knowledge

5. Self-Awareness or Knowledge

  • The tragic hero becomes aware of his situation or plight, but this always comes to the character when it is too late to do anything about the outcome.


6 pity and fear

6. Pity and Fear

  • The audience must feel these in order for a tragic hero to be real:

    • Pity - punishment they received was too great

    • Fear - can see themselves in the hero; it could be me


The tragic plot

The Tragic Plot


Exposition

Exposition

  • Gives the status quo of the present, introduces the main characters, gives background


Inciting action

Inciting Action

  • Incident which starts the plot, main conflict is introduced


Ascending action

Ascending Action

  • Events that are caused by the conflict and lead up toward the climax


Climax

Climax

  • The high point of the plot, usually a turning point for the main character.


Reversal

Reversal

  • The point at which there appears to be no home for the main character.


Descending action

Descending Action

  • When the actual suffering occurs


Catastrophe

Catastrophe

  • The catastrophic event of the story (ex: death, injury, loss)


Denoument

Denoument

  • The calming, leveling off of the plot; that which gives the audience a feeling that “all is well.”


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