Aristotle s six ingredients to classical tragedy
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Aristotle’s Six Ingredients to Classical Tragedy . 1. Nobility . The individual involved has to be a member of upper nobility in order to be a tragic hero. 2. Hamartia.

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1 nobility
1. Nobility

  • The individual involved has to be a member of upper nobility in order to be a tragic hero

2 hamartia
2. Hamartia

  • The tragic hero must have some kind of flaw (hamartia) which might include a mistake in judgment or HUBRIS (pride), the greatest sin of all.

3 reversal
3. Reversal

  • The story must contain some type of obvious reversal. This could be a reversal in attitude or fortune.

4 suffering
4. Suffering

  • Not all tragic heroes die, but all suffer. Sometimes the suffering is mental, sometimes physical, however it is always great suffering.

5 self awareness or knowledge
5. Self-Awareness or Knowledge

  • The tragic hero becomes aware of his situation or plight, but this always comes to the character when it is too late to do anything about the outcome.

6 pity and fear
6. Pity and Fear

  • The audience must feel these in order for a tragic hero to be real:

    • Pity - punishment they received was too great

    • Fear - can see themselves in the hero; it could be me


  • Gives the status quo of the present, introduces the main characters, gives background

Inciting action
Inciting Action

  • Incident which starts the plot, main conflict is introduced

Ascending action
Ascending Action

  • Events that are caused by the conflict and lead up toward the climax


  • The high point of the plot, usually a turning point for the main character.


  • The point at which there appears to be no home for the main character.

Descending action
Descending Action

  • When the actual suffering occurs


  • The catastrophic event of the story (ex: death, injury, loss)


  • The calming, leveling off of the plot; that which gives the audience a feeling that “all is well.”