Source. The Poetics ? b/w 335-323 BCa documentation of early forms of drama and the winning plays of festivalsIncludes Aristotle's thoughts on what the drama should consist of and what aspects are the most important Established the 3 unities: a source for much inspiration and controversy. His uni
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1. Aristotelian Elements of Drama
2. Source The Poetics – b/w 335-323 BC
a documentation of early forms of drama and the winning plays of festivals
Includes Aristotle's thoughts on what the drama should consist of and what aspects are the most important
Established the 3 unities: a source for much inspiration and controversy. His unities sparked a critical dialogue about drama and its characteristics
3. The 3 Unities Unity of time-
the world of a drama should last no longer than a 24 hour period or one day
Unity of Place-
A play should take place in one locale
Unity of Action-
a play should have one major arc of action- one plot
4. The Elements (in order of importance according to Aristotle) 1. Plot- what happens in the play and
the arrangement of the dramatic action
The “what” of the play.
2. Character- the people/animals/things that carry out the dramatic action
The “who” of the play. Plot/character are interrelated!
Aristotle also felt that all characters should be of heightened status.
5. 3. Theme (Thought)- the central idea or message of the play.
What is the purpose of the dramatic action? What are the intentions of the playwright? What does the dramatic action add up to?
The “why” of the play.
4. Diction (Language)- the words chosen for the characters.
Since all characters should be of high status, then what kind of language should they use?
What other factors determine the language of a character?
Shakespeare fits the language to the status of the character
The “how” of the play.
everything that is heard
The Italians in the Renaissance were stumped by this at first
Actual music, purpose?
What else is heard in the theatre?
everything that is seen