One gene one enzyme pseudogenes common ancestry
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One-Gene-One-Enzyme, Pseudogenes & Common Ancestry PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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One-Gene-One-Enzyme, Pseudogenes & Common Ancestry. The following animation is intended to show: The one-gene-one-enzyme hypothesis

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One-Gene-One-Enzyme, Pseudogenes & Common Ancestry

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One gene one enzyme pseudogenes common ancestry

One-Gene-One-Enzyme,Pseudogenes& Common Ancestry

The following animation is intended to show:

  • The one-gene-one-enzyme hypothesis

  • How a mutation in one gene (probably in some early pre-primate) prevented the production of Vitamin C, explaining why all primates today require Vitamin C in their diets (not so with other mammals).

  • The GULO pseudogene evidence for the common ancestry of primates.


What s a pseudogene

What’s a Pseudogene?

A pseudogene is a DNA sequence that is nearly identical to that of a functional gene, but contains one or more mutations, making it non-functional. Much of the intron material in the genomes of organisms is composed of recognizable pseudogenes.


Pseudogenes and vitamin c

GULO

gene

Gene 3

Gene 2

Gulo Enz

Enzyme 3

Enzyme 2

Pseudogenes and Vitamin C

In most mammals

Gene 1

Not so in primates…

Enzyme 1

A

B

C

Vitamin C

D

Vitamin C

Portion of Working GULO Gene in Rat:

Note Deletion

Matching GULO Pseudogenes in 4 Primates


Analysis

Analysis

  • Any one of thousands of possible mutations in the several genes for a biochemical pathway could explain why a particular species fails to make a particular enzyme.

  • What does this suggest about the fact that Vitamin C production is blocked in several similar species by the exact same mutation in the Gulo gene?

  • Maybe common ancestry?


Vitamin c gulo pseudogenes primate evolution

Vitamin C, GULO Pseudogenes & Primate Evolution


Note simplification

Note Simplification

In this presentation, three adjacent DNA segments (genes) were shown as necessary for Vitamin C to be formed.

In reality, there can be more genes (or fewer), and they may not be adjacent, or even in the same chromosome.


Pseudogenes vitamin c common ancestry

Pseudogenes: Vitamin C& Common Ancestry

Animation by Larry FlammerENSI webmaster


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