How Emotions Affect Decision Making. By Alyssa Jacot and Dan Langston. Why Do We have Emotions?. Emotions are a result of evolution; they are a lot of the reason why we humans can survive in this world.
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How Emotions Affect Decision Making
By Alyssa Jacot and Dan Langston
Why Do We have Emotions?
Emotions are a result of evolution; they are a lot of the reason why we humans can survive in this world.
Our body over time has recognized situations in which we needed specific help in responding to various situations and has adapted to being able to respond accordingly. EX: Fear raises our pulse rate, thus making us receive more oxygen to our brain and muscles in the case of an attack or need to quickly make a decision.
So How Do Our Emotions Help Us?
As stated before, emotions are the result of our body’s reaction to a situation and that affects what we decide to do in response. Our base three emotions are Fear(guilt, sadness…etc), anger, and happiness/love.
Fear elicits a response of more blood flow, and it has been shown that people who are afraid take less risks when making decisions. This could be contributed to fear being present in situations of danger, and our body it responding by making us afraid so that we are more careful and wont take risks in that situation. [a]
Anger also plays a large role in decision making; when angry, one also has more blood flow due to a beating heart, but the purpose was originally meant for attack for our survival.
When angry, it has been found that your perception of risk is lowered, less likely to admit a mistake, and exhibit a need for self control. [b]
Our Emotion’s Help Us Become Better
Having normal emotions and conscious can attribute to much success in our world, whether it have been thousands of years ago, or even today’s world. Study’s show that when a person with normal emotions loses a card game (against a stacked dealer) the fear they feel in response to losing makes them less likely to be risky as a defense to not lose as often. [c]
How Does Love Affect Our Brain?
Love can be one of our most confusing yet rewarding emotions!
The feeling that we contribute to love is caused oxytocin (cuddle hormone) and makes one exhibit euphoria.
They have found that this hormone is active in not just couples, but also when gambling.
The reason for this, is that our body is responding to situations where there is a chance for a great outcome for the user.
*Based on a study where people with prefrontal damage and people without prefrontal damage gave responses hypothetical situations (both moral and nonmoral and personal and impersonal.
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