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CIECA « Eco-driving » project & report (2007). Luxembourg, May 8 2008. CIECA Eco-driving report (2007). Compilation of findings based on: Visits to expert countries (Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Switzerland) Literature Available in French, German and English Only 23 pages .

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Luxembourg may 8 2008

CIECA

« Eco-driving » project & report (2007)

Luxembourg, May 8 2008


Cieca eco driving report 2007

CIECA Eco-driving report (2007)

  • Compilation of findings based on:

    • Visits to expert countries (Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Switzerland)

    • Literature

  • Available in French, German and English

  • Only 23 pages 

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Overview of presentation

Overview of presentation

  • The “environment” in the context of driver training and testing

  • Examples of how eco-driving is addressed in a range of countries

  • How is eco-driving assessed in the test?

  • Does it work?

  • Possible conflicts between eco-driving and safe driving?

  • Disincentives (for eco-driving in training/testing)

  • Reports, documents online

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


The new driving style video

The New Driving Style video

  • Clips from the Dutch “Het nieuwe Rijden” campaign

  • Designed for experienced drivers more than novice drivers

  • Nevertheless, good examples of effective ‘eco-driving’ communication to the public

  • Thanks to SenterNovem (NL)

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


The environment transport

Difficult message ‘to sell’ in driver training?

Can be addressed in theory lessons,

theory test and practical test

Most ‘hands-on’ dimension of eco-driving:

at least for countries with strong tradition

of driving school training.

The environment & transport

  • GENERAL PRINCIPLES:

    • Alternative transport modes

    • Avoiding unnecessary travel

  • CAR-RELATED:

    • Choice of car (eco-rating)

    • Trip planning (avoiding jams)

    • Vehicle maintenance (e.g. tyre pressure)

  • DRIVING TECHNIQUES:

    • Driving in the highest possible gear

    • Early gear changes

    • Coasting

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Eco driving in specific driver training and testing regimes

Eco-driving in specific driver training and testing regimes

  • Easier in countries with obligatory theory and practical lessons, or strong driving school tradition:

  • e.g. Germany, Netherlands, Finland, Switzerland

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Eco driving in specific driver training and testing regimes obligatory components

Eco-driving in specific driver training and testing regimes: obligatory components

  • Germany: theory training + practical training + test

  • Finland: theory training + practical training + test + 2nd phase

  • Switzerland: theory training (Verkehrskunde) + test + 2nd phase

  • Netherlands: practical training + test

  • Sweden: practical training + test

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Eco driving in specific driver training and testing regimes obligatory components1

Eco-driving in specific driver training and testing regimes: obligatory components

  • Germany: theory training + practical training + test

  • Finland: theory training + practical training + test + 2nd phase

  • Switzerland: theory training + test + 2nd phase

  • Netherlands: practical training + test

  • Sweden: practical training + test

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Example germany theory training

Example: Germany (theory training)

  • THEME: “My passengers should always feel comfortable”

    And how to handle situations when you are uncomfortable as a passenger (= clear link with safe driving behaviour)

  • THEME: “Defending the new driving style”

    ‘Trigger situations’ are addressed in video scenarios from the Cool fahren – Sprit sparen campaign* (visiting the parents, mother-daughter, etc) involving friends, parents, etc to prepare youngsters for defending / maintaining the new driving style

* http://www.cool-fahren-sprit-sparen.de/

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Examples from finnish swiss 2 nd phase programmes

Examples from Finnish & Swiss 2nd phase programmes

  • Novice drivers will have learned the basics (bit of theory, bit of practice) in pre-test training and will have been assessed on this criterion during the theory/practical test

  • But, the 2nd phase appears to be a particularly good time to (a) remind novice drivers of environmental issues / eco-driving, and (b) improve their eco-driving skills now they are ‘more experienced’ drivers.

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Example finland s 2 nd phase

Example: Finland’s 2nd phase

  • ‘Before-and-after comparison’ in on-road feedback drive* (normal drive + eco-driving tips + practice with fuel consumption comparison)

  • Written feedback after the drive: including tips for economical driving and a recording of the exact fuel consumption (litres per 100km) in the first and second drives.

‘Econen’ (Autokoululiitto)

* Not currently part of Luxembourg’s 2nd phase

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Example swiss 2 nd phase

Example: Swiss 2nd phase

  • ‘Before-and-after comparison’ in on-road feedback drive (normal drive + eco-driving brainstorming session in groups + practice + fuel consumption comparison)

  • On-road drives with up to 3 novice drivers + trainer

  • Eco-driving simulator (Veltheim)

Veltheim Driving Center

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Eco driving in the practical test

Eco-driving in the practical test

  • Differences between rules on paper and application in practice?

  • Differences in approach from one country to another:

    • Not admissible as reason for failing test

    • Included as a reason, but in combination with other faults

    • A reason in itself for failure

  • Relative weight of eco-driving in the test may depend on focus elsewhere in the regime

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Eco driving training for learners does it work

Eco-driving training for learners: does it work?

  • No research exists on novice drivers’ application of eco-driving principles and techniques when driving solo (a Swiss project is underway…)

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Eco driving and safe driving are they the same

Eco-driving and safe driving: are they the same?

  • Potential conflicts identified in Finnish study (Turku, 2004):

    • ‘Avoiding stopping’ – risky near pedestrian crossings or intersections.

    • Early release of accelerator can upset traffic pattern to the rear

    • Rapid acceleration causing shorter safety margins?

    • Coming too close to vehicle in front in attempt to maintain evenness of speed

      (Full report on the CIECA website – details at end of presentation)

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Eco driving and safe driving are they the same iii

Eco-driving and safe driving: are they the same (III)?

  • These conflicts appear to be more the exception than the norm

Nevertheless, these findings underline the importance of the right messages being transmitted to the target group of learner drivers, and to proper training and quality assurance of driving instructors.

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Disincentives for introducing eco driving

Disincentives for introducing eco-driving?

  • LACK OF EVIDENCE: No evidence that novice drivers maintain eco-driving attitudes and techniques once they are driving solo.

  • STRUCTURAL DIFFICULTY: More difficult to introduce eco-driving into a liberal training and testing regime

  • POOR QUALITY OF DRIVING INSTRUCTION: Current training goals are not even being met, let alone more complex ones.

  • OTHER PRIORITIES: Priority given to improving other areas of the practical driving test, such as reflecting typical accident scenarios of novice drivers

  • LACK OF COST INCENTIVES: Fuel is cheaper in some countries than others, and in cheap-fuel countries there is less of an incentive to cut costs through eco-driving.

  • TECHNICAL PROGRESS: Perception that future advances in vehicle technology will contribute more towards emission reductions than changes in driver behaviour.

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Keeping up with technological change

Keeping up with technological change!

  • Modern cars (1990+) are not supposed to be driven like older ones

  • Testing and training regimes have a responsibility to keep up with technological change!

  • Example of slow reaction to change: in practice, examiners in France will often ‘mark down’ (count as a fault) the candidate in the practical test if he/she does NOT change down through the gears when coming to a stop. This is in contradiction with eco-driving.

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


The eco driving report http www cieca be memonlyeco en pp

The Eco-driving report (http://www.cieca.be/memonlyeco_en.pp )

  • Basic principles of eco-driving – from a range of countries / organisations

  • Benefits of eco-driving

  • Marketing and communications, particularly for youngsters

  • Research on effectiveness of eco-driving training (experienced drivers only)

  • Summary of experiences of ‘expert countries’ (Germany, Finland, Switzerland, etc)

  • Possible conflict areas

  • Conclusions and Recommendations

    + Visit reports, literature, useful websites and technical tips…

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Luxembourg may 8 2008

CIECA members only

(but username and password available from Guy H / J-P Gillen)

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • The environment is taken seriously in the driver training and testing regimes of an increasing number of European countries (particularly eco-driving techniques)

  • No knowledge yet of sustainable effects of such training / testing

  • Potential conflicts between eco-driving and safe driving to be aware of.

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


Luxembourg may 8 2008

Luxembourg I May 8 2008


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