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POST CLASSICAL PERIOD – 600-1450 – Cultural and Trade change define this period. Start – fall of classical empires (Greece/Rome) Spread of great world religions Rise of Islam Mongols 1200-1400 China – Post Classical period ends when Ming stop travel. PC THEMES.
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Start – fall of classical empires (Greece/Rome)
Spread of great world religions
Rise of Islam
China – Post Classical period ends when Ming stop travel.
1. ISLAM – rise of Arab Islam becomes the first world class civilization / superpower in world history (before this the best was probably India).
Spread of great world religions – Buddhism, Christianity, Islam (most important in the numbers affected).
All 3 religions spread across cultural / political boundaries (missionaries,etc.)
Large numbers convert – syncretic conversion – accept new beliefs but keep some of their own. Religious map of Eurasia set to what it is today.
Decline of classical empires – more chaos, death rates increase. ie. China – Buddhism created a decline in secular thought.
Fervency of missionaries
Governments used Christianity for power – ie. Vladomir in Russia becoming Christian.
Civilization spreads to other areas and the number of definable civilizations increases.
Why? Disunity of Mediterranean world.
Expanded East Asia
S. and S.E. Asia
W. Asia (Middle East and N. Africa)
Sub Saharan Africa
THEME 4. Development of systematic interactions between civilizations – trade contacts.
1000 – dependable trade routes – regular product exchange.
N to S and W to E routes – exchange of technologies and ideas – cultural diffusion. Ie. Arabic numerals from India
Travel increases during this period – Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo.
Americas: way behind / random during this period
No disease contact
No technological contact
No animal exchange
Did not use bronze or iron
Good: spread of world religions – Christianity/ Islam / Buddhism– men and women share spiritual equality (ie. Mohammad).
- Equality was not a belief in Classical society – framed within a Patriarchal society.
Bad: Politically and economically – major deterioration in the life of women.
Veiling – originally from Mesopotamia
Footbinding (women as ornamental)
Gaps between men and women economically (men dominated craftworks
None of the above themes are political – hard to do that during this period – religion is in control and politics not as important.
- not many technological developments.
- population growth only in some regions
Hinduism – 4th major religion – did not travel well outside of India because it needed the Caste System. Guptas favored Hinduism within India making it strong.
Daoism and Shintoism (Japan) – no missionary qualities.
1. Islam and trade patterns – gains control of Mediterranean trade (most change), some change in India, least change in China.
Trade routes increase (Song/Ming)
More urban society.
Most developed – Middle East, North Africa, India, Byzantine Empire.
Classical past to build on
“the developed world at this point in time.”
Less developed – Japan, Russia, W. Europe, E. Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, S & E Asia (India and China).
Some world trade – less processed goods.
More decentralized politically – not as large bureaucracies.
Active, self-concious imitators of developed civilizations. (copy religion, alphabets, art – social and cultural things.
Copy technology, political structure (this one fails – they don’t do a good job of it).
What Western Europe copies from Islam: Gothic arch was Islamic arch, law, commercial law, science and math, role of reason (Averroes).
Americas – not part of the global scene.
not in contact with world or world religions.
- didn’t matter until contact occurred.
they had their own achievements buth they weren’t as good as the first and second tier countries.