Post classical period 600 1450 cultural and trade change define this period
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POST CLASSICAL PERIOD – 600-1450 – Cultural and Trade change define this period. Start – fall of classical empires (Greece/Rome) Spread of great world religions Rise of Islam Mongols 1200-1400 China – Post Classical period ends when Ming stop travel. PC THEMES.

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POST CLASSICAL PERIOD – 600-1450 – Cultural and Trade change define this period.

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Post classical period 600 1450 cultural and trade change define this period

POST CLASSICAL PERIOD – 600-1450 – Cultural and Trade change define this period.

Start – fall of classical empires (Greece/Rome)

Spread of great world religions

Rise of Islam

Mongols 1200-1400

China – Post Classical period ends when Ming stop travel.


Pc themes

PC THEMES

1. ISLAM – rise of Arab Islam becomes the first world class civilization / superpower in world history (before this the best was probably India).


Pc themes1

PC THEMES

Spread of great world religions – Buddhism, Christianity, Islam (most important in the numbers affected).

All 3 religions spread across cultural / political boundaries (missionaries,etc.)

Large numbers convert – syncretic conversion – accept new beliefs but keep some of their own. Religious map of Eurasia set to what it is today.


Why convert to new religions

Why convert to new religions?

Decline of classical empires – more chaos, death rates increase. ie. China – Buddhism created a decline in secular thought.

Fervency of missionaries

Governments used Christianity for power – ie. Vladomir in Russia becoming Christian.


Pc themes2

PC THEMES

Civilization spreads to other areas and the number of definable civilizations increases.

Why? Disunity of Mediterranean world.


7 civilizations by 1450

7 Civilizations by 1450

Expanded East Asia

S. and S.E. Asia

W. Asia (Middle East and N. Africa)

Sub Saharan Africa

Eastern Europe

Western Europe

Americas


Pc themes3

PC THEMES

THEME 4. Development of systematic interactions between civilizations – trade contacts.

1000 – dependable trade routes – regular product exchange.

N to S and W to E routes – exchange of technologies and ideas – cultural diffusion. Ie. Arabic numerals from India


Theme 4 continued

THEME 4 continued

Travel increases during this period – Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo.

Americas: way behind / random during this period

No disease contact

No technological contact

No animal exchange

Did not use bronze or iron


Theme 5 women good and bad

Theme 5 – Women – good and bad

Good: spread of world religions – Christianity/ Islam / Buddhism– men and women share spiritual equality (ie. Mohammad).

- Equality was not a belief in Classical society – framed within a Patriarchal society.


Theme 5 women good and bad1

Theme 5 – Women – good and bad

Bad: Politically and economically – major deterioration in the life of women.

Veiling – originally from Mesopotamia

Sati –

Footbinding (women as ornamental)

Gaps between men and women economically (men dominated craftworks


What themes are not present during this time period

What themes are NOT present during this time period

None of the above themes are political – hard to do that during this period – religion is in control and politics not as important.

- not many technological developments.

- population growth only in some regions


Religions of the post classical that were not global

Religions of the Post Classical that were not global

Hinduism – 4th major religion – did not travel well outside of India because it needed the Caste System. Guptas favored Hinduism within India making it strong.

Daoism and Shintoism (Japan) – no missionary qualities.


Post classical period 600 1450 cultural and trade change define this period

Change and continuity – What changes in the Post Classical in relation to the Foundations / Classical Period?

1. Islam and trade patterns – gains control of Mediterranean trade (most change), some change in India, least change in China.


Change in china

Change in China

Some Islam

Trade routes increase (Song/Ming)

Buddhism

More urban society.


3 types of civilization during the post classical period

3 types of civilization during the Post Classical period.

Most developed – Middle East, North Africa, India, Byzantine Empire.

Classical past to build on

Most trade

Centralized politically

“the developed world at this point in time.”


3 types of civilization during the post classical period1

3 types of civilization during the Post Classical period.

Less developed – Japan, Russia, W. Europe, E. Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, S & E Asia (India and China).

Some world trade – less processed goods.

More decentralized politically – not as large bureaucracies.

Active, self-concious imitators of developed civilizations. (copy religion, alphabets, art – social and cultural things.


Less developed continued

Less developed, continued

Copy technology, political structure (this one fails – they don’t do a good job of it).

What Western Europe copies from Islam: Gothic arch was Islamic arch, law, commercial law, science and math, role of reason (Averroes).


Least developed

Least developed

Americas – not part of the global scene.

not in contact with world or world religions.

- didn’t matter until contact occurred.

they had their own achievements buth they weren’t as good as the first and second tier countries.


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