The present subjunctive with ojal
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The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá). P. 339 Avancemos 2. The Subjunctive. Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood , which is used to talk about facts or actual events. The Subjunctive. Aprendo francés para mi viaje. The Subjunctive.

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The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá)

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The present subjunctive with ojal

The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá)

P. 339

Avancemos 2


The subjunctive

The Subjunctive

  • Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.


The subjunctive1

The Subjunctive

  • Aprendo francés para mi viaje.


The subjunctive2

The Subjunctive

  • Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.


The subjunctive3

The Subjunctive

  • We use it to say what one person does or doesn’t want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.


The subjunctive4

The Subjunctive

  • A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que.

  • For example:


The subjunctive5

The Subjunctive

  • Recomendamos que Uds. hablen con un agente de viajes.

  • We recommend that you speak with a travel agent.


The subjunctive6

The Subjunctive

  • ¿Quiere Ud. que escribamos nuestros nombres en las maletas?

  • Do you want us to write our names on our suitcases?


The subjunctive7

The Subjunctive

  • Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:


2 clauses

2 Clauses

Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés

Independent clause(stands on its own)Subject > Verb

Separated by the word “que”

Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own)Begins with the word “que.”

Subjunctive Verb

Indicative Verb


The subjunctive8

The Subjunctive

  • The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).


The subjunctive9

The Subjunctive

  • Verbs that are often followed by que + subjunctive:

  • Decir

  • Insistir en

  • Necesitar

  • Permitir

  • Preferir (e > ie)

  • Prohibir

  • Querer (e > ie)

  • Recomendar (e > ie)

  • Sugerir (e > ie)

  • Ojalá


The subjunctive10

The Subjunctive

  • We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.


The subjunctive11

The Subjunctive

  • We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.


The subjunctive12

The Subjunctive

  • For -ar verbs:

  • e, es, e, emos, éis, en

  • For -er/-ir verbs:

  • a, as, a, amos, áis, an


Hablar

hable

hables

hable

hablemos

habléis

hablen

HABLAR


Comer

coma

comas

coma

comamos

comáis

coman

COMER


Vivir

viva

vivas

viva

vivamos

viváis

vivan

VIVIR


The subjunctive13

The Subjunctive

  • The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.


Irregular subjunctive verbs

Irregular Subjunctive Verbs

  • As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.


Irregular subjunctive verbs1

caerse

decir

hacer

poner

salir

tener

traer

Irregular Subjunctive Verbs


Irregular subjunctive verbs2

Irregular Subjunctive Verbs

hacer

hag-o

haga

tener

teng-o

tenga


Hacer

haga

hagas

haga

hagamos

hagáis

hagan

HACER


Tener

tenga

tengas

tenga

tengamos

tengáis

tengan

TENER


The subjunctive14

The Subjunctive

  • -gar, -car, -zar verbs:

  • -gar: g > gu

  • -car: c > qu

  • -zar: z > c


Llegar g gu

llegue

llegues

llegue

lleguemos

lleguéis

lleguen

LLEGAR (g > gu)


Buscar c qu

busque

busques

busque

busquemos

busquéis

busquen

BUSCAR (c > qu)


Cruzar z c

cruce

cruces

cruce

crucemos

crucéis

crucen

CRUZAR (z > c)


The subjunctive with ojal

The Subjunctive (with Ojalá)

  • Fact: (indicative)Ganamos un premio hoy.We’re winning a prize today.

  • Hope: (subjunctive)¡Ojaláque ganemos un premio hoy!I hope that we win a prize today!


The subjunctive15

The Subjunctive

  • Stem-changing –ar and –er verbs in the present tense also change in the subjunctive.


Pensar e ie

piense

pienses

piense

pensemos

penséis

piensen

PENSAR (e > ie)


Poder o ue

pueda

puedas

pueda

podamos

podáis

puedan

PODER (o > ue)


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