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Ch 4 Study Session. Appositives vs. Subject Complements. Remember, both rename the subject An appositive is on the subject side of the verb Usually identified because of the commas A subject complement is on the other side of the verb Separated by a linking verb.

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appositives vs subject complements
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Remember, both rename the subject
  • An appositive is on the subject side of the verb
    • Usually identified because of the commas
  • A subject complement is on the other side of the verb
    • Separated by a linking verb
appositives vs subject complements1
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.
appositives vs subject complements2
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.
    • Nouns?
appositives vs subject complements3
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.
    • Nouns?
      • Jason?
        • Subject
appositives vs subject complements4
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.
    • Nouns?
      • Jason?
        • Subject
      • friend?
appositives vs subject complements5
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.
    • Nouns?
      • Jason?
        • Subject
      • friend?
        • Appositive! Jason = friend, and it’s separated by commas AND it’s on the subject side of the verb!!
appositives vs subject complements6
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.
    • Nouns?
      • Jason?
        • Subject
      • friend?
        • Appositive! Jason = friend, and it’s separated by commas AND it’s on the subject side of the verb!!
      • school?
appositives vs subject complements7
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.
    • Nouns?
      • Jason?
        • Subject
      • friend?
        • Appositive! Jason = friend, and it’s separated by commas AND it’s on the subject side of the verb!!
      • school?
        • Object of preposition. “from” is a preposition, the whole phrase is “from high school” and so “school” is the object!
appositives vs subject complements8
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason is my best friend from high school, and is coming to visit.
    • Subject?
appositives vs subject complements9
Appositives vs. Subject Complements
  • Jason is my best friend from high school, and is coming to visit.
    • Subject?
      • Still ‘Jason’.
    • But NOW, what is ‘friend’?!?
      • Jason = friend, BUT…
      • friend is on the opposite side of the linking verb (‘is’), so ‘friend’ is now a…
      • SUBJECT COMPLEMENT!!!
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Remember that MOST of the time, the indirect object will be a name/person!!
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions2
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • I made Sue cookies.
    • Subject?
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions3
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • I made Sue cookies.
    • Subject?
      • I
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions4
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • I made Sue cookies.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions5
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imade Sue cookies.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions6
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imade Sue cookies.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions7
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imade Sue cookies.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
      • cookies, direct object
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions8
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imade Sue cookies.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
      • cookies, direct object
    • And for WHOM did I make the cookies?
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions9
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • ImadeSuecookies.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
      • cookies, direct object
    • And for WHOM did I make the cookies?
      • Sue, indirect object
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions10
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • I made cookies for Sue.
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions11
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • I made cookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions12
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • I made cookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions13
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • I made cookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions14
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imade cookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions15
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imade cookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions16
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imadecookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
      • cookies, direct object
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions17
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imadecookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
      • cookies, direct object
    • Now…the remainder of the sentence is a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE!!
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions18
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imadecookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
      • cookies, direct object
    • Now…the remainder of the sentence is a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE!!
    • It starts with ‘for’, and ‘Sue’ is the…
direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions19
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions
  • Imadecookies for Sue.
    • Subject?
      • I
    • Verb?
      • made
    • I made what?
      • cookies, direct object
    • Now…the remainder of the sentence is a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE!!
    • It starts with ‘for’, and ‘Sue’ is the…
    • OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION!!!
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