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Ch 4 Study Session. Appositives vs. Subject Complements. Remember, both rename the subject An appositive is on the subject side of the verb Usually identified because of the commas A subject complement is on the other side of the verb Separated by a linking verb.

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Appositives vs subject complements
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Remember, both rename the subject

  • An appositive is on the subject side of the verb

    • Usually identified because of the commas

  • A subject complement is on the other side of the verb

    • Separated by a linking verb


Appositives vs subject complements1
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.


Appositives vs subject complements2
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.

    • Nouns?


Appositives vs subject complements3
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.

    • Nouns?

      • Jason?

        • Subject


Appositives vs subject complements4
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.

    • Nouns?

      • Jason?

        • Subject

      • friend?


Appositives vs subject complements5
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.

    • Nouns?

      • Jason?

        • Subject

      • friend?

        • Appositive! Jason = friend, and it’s separated by commas AND it’s on the subject side of the verb!!


Appositives vs subject complements6
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.

    • Nouns?

      • Jason?

        • Subject

      • friend?

        • Appositive! Jason = friend, and it’s separated by commas AND it’s on the subject side of the verb!!

      • school?


Appositives vs subject complements7
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason, my best friend from high school, is coming to visit.

    • Nouns?

      • Jason?

        • Subject

      • friend?

        • Appositive! Jason = friend, and it’s separated by commas AND it’s on the subject side of the verb!!

      • school?

        • Object of preposition. “from” is a preposition, the whole phrase is “from high school” and so “school” is the object!


Appositives vs subject complements8
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason is my best friend from high school, and is coming to visit.

    • Subject?


Appositives vs subject complements9
Appositives vs. Subject Complements

  • Jason is my best friend from high school, and is coming to visit.

    • Subject?

      • Still ‘Jason’.

    • But NOW, what is ‘friend’?!?

      • Jason = friend, BUT…

      • friend is on the opposite side of the linking verb (‘is’), so ‘friend’ is now a…

      • SUBJECT COMPLEMENT!!!


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions
Direct Objects vs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Remember that MOST of the time, the indirect object will be a name/person!!


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions1
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made Sue cookies.


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions2
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made Sue cookies.

    • Subject?


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions3
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made Sue cookies.

    • Subject?

      • I


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions4
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made Sue cookies.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions5
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imade Sue cookies.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions6
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imade Sue cookies.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions7
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imade Sue cookies.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?

      • cookies, direct object


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions8
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imade Sue cookies.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?

      • cookies, direct object

    • And for WHOM did I make the cookies?


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions9
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • ImadeSuecookies.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?

      • cookies, direct object

    • And for WHOM did I make the cookies?

      • Sue, indirect object


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions10
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made cookies for Sue.


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions11
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made cookies for Sue.

    • Subject?


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions12
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made cookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions13
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • I made cookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions14
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imade cookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions15
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imade cookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions16
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imadecookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?

      • cookies, direct object


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions17
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imadecookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?

      • cookies, direct object

    • Now…the remainder of the sentence is a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE!!


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions18
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imadecookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?

      • cookies, direct object

    • Now…the remainder of the sentence is a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE!!

    • It starts with ‘for’, and ‘Sue’ is the…


Direct objects vs indirect objects vs objects of prepositions19
Direct Objects Prepositionsvs. Indirect Objects vs. Objects of Prepositions

  • Imadecookies for Sue.

    • Subject?

      • I

    • Verb?

      • made

    • I made what?

      • cookies, direct object

    • Now…the remainder of the sentence is a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE!!

    • It starts with ‘for’, and ‘Sue’ is the…

    • OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION!!!


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