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Unit5. Preview. Ⅰ. Objectives. Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan. Ⅲ. Background Information. Ⅳ. Class Presentation. prev. Preview.

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Unit5

Unit5

Preview

Ⅰ. Objectives

Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan

Ⅲ. Background Information

Ⅳ. Class Presentation


Unit5

prev.

Preview

What is most important in our lives? You will find the answer in this unit. In the Listening and Speaking section, you will learn how to ask if someone remembers something. In the Reading and Writing section, the most precious legacy the boy named Jeffrey in Text A received from his grandma is the love notes sent to her by his grandfather; Text B tells a story about how a string of blue beads brought lonely people together at Christmas time; and Text C shows the power of friendship — how a smart boy was once saved by his friend from killing himself.


Unit5

master the basic language and skills necessary to ask if someone remembers something;

1.

understand the main ideas of Text A, Text B and Text C, and master the useful sentence structures and the words and expressions found in the relevant exercises of the first two texts;

2.

3.

know the difference between countable and uncountable nouns;

know how to write an envelope;

4.

understand paragraph development (2).

5.

Obj.

Ⅰ. Objectives

After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to


S t p 1

s.t.p.1

Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan

Suggested Time and Teaching Plan for Unit 5

Plan

Contents

Time

The teacher begins with the Preview to make sure that the students have a general idea of what this unit is all about. Then, the teacher activates Listening and Speaking exercises as follows:

2 periods

Preview

Listening and Speaking

1) The Language for Asking If Someone

Remembers Something

Give a brief lead-in talk on the functions of asking if someone remembers something;

A.


S t p 1 2

s.t.p.1.2

Time

Contents

Plan

Present the necessary language by doing Exercise 1;

B.

C.

Ask one student to read aloud the talk so students can check their completed answers;

Organize an activity for the students to accomplish Exercise 2 and reinforce the language they picked up in Exercise 1.

D.


S t p 2

s.t.p.2

Time

Contents

Plan

2) The Practice of Asking If Someone

Remembers Something

A.

Go through the new words in the first conversation in Exercise 3;

Have the students listen to the conversation twice and fill in the blanks with the missing words;

B.

Ask students to answer the questions about the conversation;

C.

Now have them look for the language used to ask if someone remembers something;

D.

E. Next, students can role-play the conversation;

F. Then, have them listen to the second

conversation twice and complete the short

passage accordingly;


S t p 3

s.t.p.3

Time

Contents

Plan

G.

Afterwards, ask students to have a discussion about their responses in order to better understand the conversation;

H.

Now have them listen to the conversation again and complete it as the speaker recounts it;

I.

Finally, have them check the conversation by acting it out.

Organize a unique classroom activity for the students to accomplish Exercise 4 to reinforce the useful language.

J.


S t p 4

s.t.p.4

Time

Plan

Contents

3) Listening Practice

Before ending, the teacher tells the students to do Exercises 5-10 as their assignment with the main purpose of reviewing the functional and notional language picked up in the Listening and Speaking section. The teacher also tells the students that they should get prepared to answer the questions in Exercise 9 and give an oral presentation on the topic provided in Exercise 10 when they come toclass next time.

The teacher asks some students to answer the questions in Exercise 9 of the Listening and Speaking section,

Review of the listening and speaking

3 periods


S t p 5

s.t.p.5

Time

Contents

Plan

and invites a few students to tell their opinions on the topic of “How important is memory to learning?” in Exercise 10. After that, the teacher turns to the Reading and Writing section. (These activities should be completed in 15 minutes.)

skills the students have learned

1) Starter

Text A & text-related exercises

After a brief explanation of the instructions, the teacher

divides the class into several groups to discuss the questions in the starter for a few minutes;

A.

asks some students to answer the questions. (10 minutes)

B.


S t p 6

s.t.p.6

Time

Contents

Plan

2) Text A

The teacher

lets the students answer the text-related questions, helps them identify the main idea of each paragraph and analyzes some difficult sentences and some language points while discussing the whole text with the students (one and a half periods).

A.


S t p 7

s.t.p.7

Time

Contents

Plan

guides the students through the exercises, focusing on certain items and leaving some exercises as the students’ homework according to the students’ different levels of English (one period).

B.

Grammar Review

1) Grammar Review

1 period

The teacher talks about the difference between countable and uncountable nouns, and at the same time, asks the students to do the grammar exercises in class.


S t p 8

s.t.p.8

Time

Contents

Plan

2) Practical Writing

Practical Writing

The teacher tells the students how to write an envelope by doing Exercise 11 of Practical Writing, and then requires the students to do Exercise 12 after class.


S t p 9

s.t.p.9

Time

Contents

Plan

1) Text B

Text B, Text C & text-related exercises

2 periods

While discussing the text with the students, the teacher makes the students pay attention to the structure of the paragraphs of the text, introducing briefly the concept of topic sentence. Exercises 14 and 15 can be done either in or after class.

2) Text C

This text should be read by the students themselves as their homework or as fast-reading in class.


S t p 10

s.t.p.10

Time

Contents

Plan

Basic Reading Skills

3) Basic Reading Skills

The teacher tells the students how to understand paragraph development (2), and asks them to do the exercises in Basic Reading Skills.


Unit5

BI

Ⅲ. Background Information

Legacy

Sotheby’s

Valentine’s Day — A Day to Express Your Love


Bi legacy

BI-Legacy

Legacy

Legacy, in the law of wills, gift or bequest of real or personal property by will. A legacy becomes effective after the death of its author, who is known as the testator. The three principal types of legacy are a specific legacy, which consists of a definite article of personal property or parcel of real property; a general legacy, which consists of a certain amount of money payable from the estate as a whole; and a demonstrative legacy, which consists of a certain amount of money to be paid the legatee, or recipient, from a specific fund or other definite source named by the testator. Examples of these types of legacies are the following: (specific legacy) “I bequeath to my son A. B. my watch and all my jewelry”; (general legacy) “I bequeath to my son A. B. the sum of $1,000”; (demonstrative legacy) “I bequeath to my son A. B. the sum of $1,000 payable to him out of the proceeds of the securities of company X that I may own at the time of my death.” (From the Microsoft Encarta 1993-2003)


Bi sotheby

BI-Sotheby

Sotheby’s

Sotheby’s is a famous auction house with its main offices in New York and London, where valuable paintings, rare books etc. are sold.


Bi valentine s day1

BI-Valentine’s day1

Valentine’s Day — A Day to Express Your Love

Valentine’s Day is a special day observed on February 14. On this day, people send greeting cards called valentines to their sweethearts, friends, and members of their families. Many valentines have romantic verses, and others have humorous pictures and sayings. Many say, “Be my valentine.”

For weeks before February 14, stores sell valentines and

valentine decorations. Schoolchildren decorate their classrooms

with paper hearts and lace for the occasion. On Valentine’s Day,

many people give candy, flowers, and other gifts to their friends.


Bi valetine s day2

BI-Valetine’s day2

In the United States and Canada, children exchange valentines with their friends. In some schools, the children hold a classroom party and put all the valentines into a box they have decorated. At the end of the day, the teacher or one child distributes the cards. Many children make their own valentines from paper doilies, red paper, wallpaper samples, and pictures cut from magazines. Sometimes they buy kits that include everything needed to make valentines. Many children send their largest, fanciest cards to their parents and teachers.

Older students hold Valentine’s Day dances and parties. They make candy baskets, gifts, and place cards trimmed with hearts and fat, winged children called cupids. Many people send flowers, a box of candy, or some other gift to their wives, husbands, or sweethearts. Most valentine candy boxes are heart shaped and tied with red ribbon.


Bi valetine s3

BI-Valetine’s3

In Europe, people celebrate Valentine’s Day in many ways. British children sing special Valentine’s Day songs and receive gifts of candy, fruit, or money. In some areas of England, people bake valentine buns with caraway seeds, plums, or raisins. People in Italy hold a Valentine’s Day feast.

In Britain and Italy, some unmarried women get up before sunrise on Valentine’s Day. They stand by the window watching for a man to pass. They believe that the first man they see, or someone who looks like him, will marry them within a year. William Shakespeare, the English playwright, mentions this belief in Hamlet (1603). Ophelia, a woman in the play, sings:

Good morrow! ’This St. Valentine’s Day

All in the morning be time,

And I a maid at your window,

To be your valentine!


Bi valetine s4

BI-Valetine’s4

In Denmark, people send pressed white flowers called snowdrops to their friends. Danish men also send a type of valentine called a gaekkebrev (joking letter). The sender writes a rhyme but does not sign his name. Instead, he signs the valentine with dots, one dot for each

letter of his name. If the woman who gets

it guesses his name, he rewards her with

an Easter egg on Easter. Some people in

Great Britain also send valentines signed

with dots. (From the 1998 World Book

Multimedia Encyclopedia)


Class list

Class list

Ⅳ. Class Presentation

Listening & Speaking

Reading & Writing

Time for Fun


Unit5

LS

Listening & Speaking

The Language for Asking If Someone Remembers Something

Asking If Someone Remembers Something

Listening Practice


Lp main

Lp-main

Listening Practice

Listen to the following people talking and then decide who is who.

Listen to the following five short dialogues and choose the appropriate answers.

Listen to the following short story twice. Listen carefully and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the story you have heard.

Listen to the following talk and fill in the blanks with the missing words. The talk is given twice.

Listen to the talk again and then answer the following questions orally.

Have a discussion on the topic given below.


Tl the language for asking1

TL_the language for asking1

The Language for Asking If Someone Remembers Something

You are going to listen to an instructor talking about the language for asking if someone remembers something. Listen carefully and fill in the blanks with the missing words.

Instructor:

Everybody remembers. Everybody forgets. A good student tends to . Memory plays a vital role .

have a good memory

in learning

_________________

_________

But memory is selective. Some are good at ; others are good at . In some cases, things are retained(记住) forever; , things slip without leaving any traces(痕迹).

remembering names

_________________

memorizing figures

________________

in others

_______

Everybody, however, at some time asks someone or is asked .

to recall something

________________


Unit5

TL2

Pick up the following sentences to ask if someone remembers something:

— Do you remember ?

— Can you recall ?

— Can you bringto mind?

— You haven’t forgot , have you?

— You remember , don’t you?

— Do you by any chance remember ?

— Would you mind telling me if you still remember ?

—I was wondering whether you remember .

when we first met

______________

what you saw at the moment

_______________________

________

my name

______________

what you told me

_________

what I said

__________________________

what the instructor told us to do

the password

___________

your promise

___________


Unit5

TL3

Pick up the following sentences to state you remember what has been asked:

— As I remember, .

— As I recall, .

— It’s coming back to me now.

— I recollect .

—I’ll never forget .

we first met in 2000

________________

I saw nothing at the moment

_______________________

____________

what I told you

____________

what you said


Unit5

TL4

Pick up the following sentences to state you have forgotten:

— I don’t remember.

— I’ve forgotten all about it.

— I simply can’t recall.

— It won’t come back to me.

— I’m afraid I forget it now.

— I’m afraid that escapes me.

— It slipped my mind.

—My mind’s gone blank.


Unit5

TL5

Now have a pattern drill between two students. One asks if the other remembers something and he or she replies with the language learned in Exercise 1.


Cp gtn1

CP-gtn1

Asking If Someone Remembers Something

  • Before you listen to the first conversation, read the following words and expressions which may be new to you.

dare 敢

tentative 试探性的

ring a bell引起模糊回忆

enhance增强


Cp gtn2

CP-gtn2

Listen to the conversation twice and fill in the blanks with the missing Words.

by any chance

____________

Li Ming:Excuse me, Wang Ying, do you remember

what to say in English when you want to express curiosity?

Wang Ying: You‘re testing me, ?

Li Ming: How dare I?

Wang Ying: We learned it last week. Don’t you remember even one of the

expressions used ?

Li Ming: I’m afraid l’ve forgotten it all now. That’s why .

Wang Ying: You know, one thing can be expressed . As I

recall, it’s common to say: “I’m most curious about….” It’s

direct to say: “I’m very keen to know….”It’s tentative to say: “I

wonder if you could tell me….” Does this ?

Li Ming: Oh, it’s all coming back to me now. Thanks for .

__________

aren’t you

for that purpose

_____________

I’m asking you

____________

______________

in different ways

ring a bell

_________

reminding me

___________


Cp gtn3

CP-gtn3

Listen to the conversation twice and fill in the blanks with the missing Words.

Wang Ying: Anytime.

Li Ming: How come you’ve got such ?

Wang Ying: Repetition enhances memory. You remember

every day helps?

Li Ming: I do, but….

Wang Ying: But what?

a good memory

_____________

reading aloud

___________


Cp gtn4

CP-gtn4

Now listen to the conversation again and answer the following questions.

1. What has slipped Li Ming’s mind?

The language used to express curiosity.

2. When did they pick up that vocabulary?

They learned how to use it last week.

3. What does Wang Ying do?

She helps Li Ming recall the language.

4. How does Wang Ying explain her good memory?

Repetition enhances memory.

5. What does Wang Ying most probably do every day?

She reads aloud every day.


Cp gtn5

CP-gtn5

2) Before you listen to the second conversation, read the following words and expressions which may be new to you.

tee off(从球座)开球

swing挥臂击球

fairway(高尔夫球场上的)平坦球道

yup= yes


Cp gtn6

________

where the

________

ball was

CP-gtn6

Listen to the conversation twice, and then complete the passage according to the conversation you have just heard.

Jack’s wife Tracy asked him how his game was, and he said that he

well, but that he couldn’t see where the ball went because of . Tracy suggested that he take her brother Scott

along. Her reason was that Scott had perfect eyesight even though he

was 85 years old. Jack teed off with Scott looking on. Jack swung and the ball disappeared down . Jack asked Scott whether , and Scott said yes. But when Jack asked him

, Scott said he’d forgotten.

hit pretty

_______

his poor eyesight

_______________

The next day

__________

the middle of the fairway

____________________

he saw it

________


Cp gtn7

CP-gtn7

Listen to the conversation again, and complete the form as the speaker recounts it. After that, act it out in class.

Tracy:

Jack:

Tracy:

Jack:

Tracy:

How was your game, dear?

____________________________________________________________________________

Well, I was hitting pretty well, but my eyesight’s gotten so bad I couldn’t see where the ball went.

But you’re 75 years old, Jack. Why don’t you take my brother Scott along?

But he’s 85 and doesn’t play golf anymore.

____________________________________

But he’s got perfect eyesight. He would watch the ball for you.


Cp gtn8

CP-gtn8

The next day Jack teed off with Scott looking on.

Jack swung and the ball disappeared down the middle of the fairway.

_____________________________________

Do you see it, Scott?

Jack:

Scott:

Jack:

Scott:

Yup.

____________________________________

We’ll, where is it?

I forgot.


Cp gtn9

CP-gtn9

Ask your classmates whether they still remember what they learned in each of the previous four units. Try to use the language you picked up in Exercise 1.


Cp lp1

M:So what’s Sally doing here?

W:She says she’s pretty free while her husband David’s here

for a conference. And she wants me to show her something

of Shanghai.

Q:Who’s in Shanghai for a conference?

KEY

script

CP-lp1

Listening Practice

Listen to the following people talking and then decide who is who.

1.

A) The woman speaker.

B) The man speaker.

C) David.

D) Sally.


Cp lp2

W: Just one moment, I’ll check. Oh yes, it’s Mr. and Mrs. Kerry.

M:That’s right.

Q:Who is the man?

KEY

script

CP-lp2

2.

A) Mr. Kerry.

B) Mr. Morgan.

C) The receptionist.

D) The bellman(旅馆服务员).


Cp lp3

KEY

script

CP-lp3

3.

W: What’s wrong with the job you have now?

M: I’m a terrible salesperson. I don’t like talking to strangers, and I

don’t like the product I have to sell.

Q: Who’s the salesperson?

A) The woman’s brother.

B) The man’s brother.

C) The woman.

D) The man.


Cp lp4

KEY

script

CP-lp4

4.

M: Another one! Sam’s always talking about starting new

businesses. He must have spent a fortune on the last one.

W: Yeah. Judy thinks her husband’s crazy, but he insists on it.

Q:Who’s Judy?

A) The female speaker’s sister.

B) The male speaker’s sister.

C) The male speaker’s wife.

D) Sam’s wife.


Cp lp5

W:I really blew that test. Dr. Smith told me that he had never seen

anybody get such a low grade on one of his tests. He was really

angry.

M:What happened? You usually get pretty good grades.

Q:Who’s Dr. Smith?

KEY

script

CP-lp5

5.

A) The woman’s instructor.

B) The woman’s parent.

C) The man’s teacher.

D) The man’s doctor.


Cp lp6

M:Didn’t you say you would go to the conference this morning?

W:Yes, but it was postponed until next Wednesday.

Q:What does the woman mean?

KEY

script

CP-lp6

Listen to the following five short dialogues and choose the appropriate answers.

1.

A) The conference was held last Wednesday.

B) The conference was held this morning.

C) The conference was canceled.

D) The conference was put off.


Cp lp7

M:Do you have the test scores?

W:No, but they are listed on the English Department bulletin board.

Q:What does the woman imply?

KEY

script

CP-lp7

2.

A) The scores are not listed.

B) You can read the scores yourself.

C) The scores will be out tomorrow.

D) The English Department doesn’t give out scores.


Cp lp8

M:Is there anything else that I have to do to completethis course?

W:No, that’s it.

Q:What does the woman mean?

KEY

script

CP-lp8

3.

A) There is only one thing left to complete.

B) Everything is completed.

C) That is the right one.

D) No, it is not enough.


Cp lp9

M:Have you gotten your textbook yet?

W:They are out of it in the bookstore, but they put in a special order

for me.

Q:What does the woman mean?

KEY

script

CP-lp9

4.

A) She can borrow the textbook from the library.

B) She had the salesman order the book for her.

C) She has to wait in line to buy her textbook.

D) It’s too late to buy the textbook now.


Cp lp10

M:Do you want to try a new way to get there?

W:Not this time; we don’t have enough time.

Q:What does the woman imply?

KEY

script

CP-lp10

5.

A) She doesn’t want to go the same way this time.

B) She thinks a new way will take too long.

C) She agrees with the man’s idea.

D) She has changed her mind.


Cp lp11

CP-lp11

Listen to the following short story twice. Listen carefully and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the story you have heard.

porch门廊

rocker摇椅

casually偶然地

obligingly体贴地

engage订婚

cheek面颊

lingering长时间的

wrinkled皱纹的

bold大胆的

kind of有点儿,有几分

nibble轻咬

alarm惊慌


Cp lp12

script

CP-lp12

1. Grandpa and Grandma had a lovely talk while the sun was setting.

2. While talking, Grandpa obligingly took Grandma’s hand.

3. Grandma gave Grandpa a lingering kiss because of his love and care.

4. Grandma asked Grandpa if he had remembered nibbling her ear

before their marriage.

5. Grandpa’s false teeth dropped out with his hearty laugh.

____

T

____

T

____

F

____

F

F

____


Cp lp13

CP-lp13

Tapescript

Grandpa and Grandma were sitting in their porch rockers watching the beautiful sunset and talking about “the good old days,” when Grandma turned to Grandpa and said, “Honey, do you remember when we first started dating and you used to just casually reach over and take my hand?” Grandpa looked over at her, smiled and obligingly took her aged hand in his.

With a little smile, Grandma pressed a little farther, “Honey, do you remember how, after we were engaged, you’d sometimes lean over and suddenly kiss me on the cheek?” Grandpa leaned slowly toward Grandma and gave her a lingering kiss on her wrinkled cheek.

Growing bolder still, Grandma said, “Honey, do you remember how, after we were first married, you’d kind of nibble on my ear?” Grandpa slowly got up from his rocker and headed into the house. Alarmed, Grandma said, “Honey, where are you going?”

Grandpa replied, “To get my teeth!”


Cp lp16

CP-lp16

Listen to the following talk and fill in the blanks with the missing words. The talk is given twice.

Can you recite the alphabet(字母表) easily and quickly? Can you write your name easily? Can you play scales(音阶) ?

You would probably say that you memorized all this. But what you actually did was . And the way you learned them was by forming a habit! In other words, what was once , such as reciting the alphabet or playing scales, became easy and almost automatic when you formed the . So memory can be described as learning by means of .

on a musical instrument

____________________

____________

to learn them

_________________

quite difficult for you

habit of doing it

______________

____________

forming habits


Cp lp17

CP-lp17

A human being has a tremendous(巨大的) number of such habits that enable him to do most of , such as fastening buttons or washing hands. But suppose you read a book and then someone asked you what the book was about, or how to describe the plot(情节). Surely, your response cannot be said to come from .

But if you examine the situation carefully, you will see that something very much like habit does play a part. For example, , you learn how to put certain elements together in the proper order. Now, when you give , or tell what it’s about, you are doing the same kind of thing. In fact, some psychologists say that all learning (and this also ) is made up of a vast combination of simple habits.

____________________

the ordinary things in life

habit

_____

with ordinary habits

________________

the plot of a book

_______________

means memory

______________


Cp lp18

CP-lp18

Listen to the talk again and then answer the following questions orally.

1. What would people say about doing things easily and quickly in life?

They would probably say that people had memorized how to do them.

2. What can memory be described as, according to the talk?

It can be described as learning by means of forming habits.


Cp lp19

CP-lp19

3. What can habits do?

They enable us to do most of the ordinary things in life.

4. What are you actually doing while describing the plot of a book?

You are making use of something that is very much like habit.

5. What question do you think the speaker is trying to answer?

What is memory?


Cp lp20

CP-lp20

Have a discussion on the topic given below.

How important is memory to learning?


Rw list

RW list

Reading & Writing

Text A

Precious Legacy

Text A Exercises

Grammar Review

Practical Writing

A String of Blue Beads

Text B

Text B Exercises

A Story About Friendship

Text C

Comprehension of the Text

Basic Reading Skills


Starter

Starter

Text A

Starter

Have you ever written or received a love note? Believe it or not, this oldest form of expressing love still works the best in the modern world. Suppose you are going to write a love note. What would you want to say to your lover? Discuss this with your classmates.


Article1

CH

article1

Text A

Precious Legacy

Ron Gold

1 I was only seventeen when Grandma Elsie died. She was my last living grandparent and I was her only grandchild. Until the lawyer read her will, I never fully appreciated the depth of the old lady’s love.It was a moment I will never forget — a day that made me the richest kid in town.

N

N

?


Article2

CH

article2

Text A

2 Mom, Dad, Aunt Sophie, Uncle Bill and I sat around a small conference table in her lawyer’s office. She wanted her daughters and their husbands to share what little wealth she was leaving — the proceeds of her small insurancepolicy, a few bracelets, some jewelry and her wedding ring. She also left them the deed to her house, her bank account, a few shares of stock in the local Gas and Electric Company, as well as the American flag she was presented with at Grandpa Edwin’s militaryfuneral.

N

N

?


Article3 4

CH

Article3-4

Text A

3 As we rose to leave, the lawyer said, “There are three more things.” He reached into his briefcase and took out a small jewelry box, a letter, and a stack of envelopes neatly wrapped in red paper. “Jeffrey, your Grandmother left you her diamondengagement ring, hoping you’ll make good use of it soon.” Everyone smiled.

4 “These are also for you, Jeffrey,” he said. “It may be the most precious legacy of all — a letter and this stack of love notes.”

N

N

?


Article5 6

CH

Article5-6

Text A

5 Grandma’s letter began, “Dear Jeffrey, I am leaving you one of my most precious treasures — my memories. These memories are the letters your Grandfather Edwin wrote when he was away from me. Please read them. They are both priceless and valuable — a guidebook that will teach you how to love a woman, how to understand people, and how to respect and maintain your integrity.

N

6 “When you read them you will share the longing and passion a good man feels for a good woman. You will also understand the fears and tears of war. And you will realize the differences between right and wrong. You will learn to trust the people you love and keep your distance from those you mistrust. You will learn about maturefriendships and how

truelove can become the core of your life.

?


Article7

CH

article7

Text A

7 “I have been fortunate, Jeffrey. I loved a wonderful man. And he loved me. While his love is now a memory, it is also a real dream that never ends. Love is like a beautiful photograph you store in an album. You can enjoy its beauty each time you stare at it in wonderment. It stops time. And, it makes you young again — forever! Grandpa Edwin was a soldier, a professional Army officer who served under General Pershing in France during World War I. To understand your grandfather’s soul, read his loving letters to me. You’ll learn how romantic and beautiful a real man can be. To truly understand Grandpa’s character, read the personal note Jack Pershing wrote me when he heard that Edwin was killed in action.

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8 “Jeffrey, I said this packet of notes was priceless and valuable. I‘ve just shown you how priceless his love notes are. Please learn from them. Then find the right girl to love and love her ardently. This love will enrich both your lives and make you both happier.

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9 “As for being valuable, save the envelopes. An appraiser at Sotheby’s said the old stamps are worth far more than the rest of my estate. And, the personal handwritten note from General Pershing is even more valuable than the stamps. Have a loving, meaningful life. God bless you.

10 “I love you, Grandma Elsie.”

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precious //: a. of great value 贵重的,珍贵的

e.g.

Love is more precious than money.

爱比金钱更珍贵。

precious stones

宝石

legacy //: n. money or property left to sb. in a will 遗产;遗赠;遗赠的财物

e.g.

He was left a legacy by his aunt.

inherit a legacy

他的姨妈给他留下了一笔财产。

继承遗产


Article1 popwin q

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1) When did Jeffrey fully understand his Grandma’s deep love?

He fully understood his Grandma’s deep love when the lawyer read her will.

2) Why will Jeffrey never forget that moment?

Becauseon that day Jeffrey became the richest kid in town.


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Chinese Version

珍贵的遗产

罗恩·戈尔德

  埃尔西外婆去世时我才17岁。她是我祖父母一辈中最后一个去世的,我是她唯一的外孙。直到律师宣读她遗嘱的那一刻,我才充分感受到这位老妇人深深的爱。这是一个我永生难忘的时刻——这一天,我成了镇上最富有的孩子。


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Ron Gold //罗恩·戈尔德


Article1 popwin elsie

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Elsie //埃尔西(女子名)


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lawyer //: n. person who has been trained in law and authorized to

advise or represent others in legal matters 律师

e.g.

A lawyer is a man who knows the law and speaks for us in court.

律师是一个了解法律并在法庭上为我们辩护的人。


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depth // n. distance, measurement, downwards or inwards; quality or fact

of being deep 深度;(感情的)深厚,深切;(兴趣等的)强烈;

(印象等的)深刻

e.g.

They had not realized the depth of their feelings for one another.

Nobody knew the depth of her love for the child.

他们还没有意识到他们彼此之间的感情之深。

谁也不知道她对这孩子的爱有多深。


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Until the lawyer read her will, I never fully appreciated the depth of the old lady’s love.

直到律师宣读她遗嘱的那一刻,我才充分感受到这位老妇人深深的爱。

In the sentence the subordinate clause(从句)“Until the lawyer read her will” precedes the main clause(主句)“I never fully appreciated the depth of the old lady’s love.” The sentence pattern “never” or “not… until” means “not… before a specified time.”

本句中,从句在主句之前,句型never或not… until表示“直到…才”。

e.g.

We can’t go until Thursday.

Until then, I knew nothing at all about it.

我们要到星期四才能去。

在那以前,我对这事一无所知。


Article1 popwins it was

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It was a moment I will never forget — a day that made me the richest kid in town.这是一个我永生难忘的时刻——这一天,我成了镇上最富有的孩子。

In this sentence, “I will never forget” serves as the attributive clause(定语从句)of “a moment,” with the relative pronoun(关系代词)“that” or “which” omitted. The part after the dash(破折号)serves as an appositive(同位语),which further explains “a moment I will never forget.”

本句中,I will never forget作a moment的定语从句,省略了关系代词that或which。

破折号后面的成分作a moment I will never forget的同位语,起解释说明的作用。


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3) What was so special about the American flag Grandma left to her children?

She was presented with the American flag at Grandpa Edwin’s military funeral.


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Chinese Version

我和父母、索菲姨妈、比尔姨夫围坐在她的律师办公室的小型会议桌旁。她想让她的女儿和女婿们一起分享她所留下的一点财富——包括小额保险单的收益、几个手镯、一些珠宝和她的结婚戒指。除此之外,她还给他们留下了房子的契约、银行账户、当地电气公司的少许股票以及一面美国国旗。这面国旗是军方为爱德温外公举行葬礼时授予她的。


Article2 popwin s share what

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… share what little wealth she was leaving:……分享她所留下的一点财富。

In this sentence, “what” is used with the same meaning as “whatever”.

本句中,what一词与whatever同义。


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She also left them the deed to her house, her bank account, a few shares of stock in the local Gas and Electric Company, as well as the American flag she was presented with at Grandpa Edwin’s military funeral.

她还给他们留下了房子的契约、银行账户、当地电气公司的少许股票,以及一面美国国旗。这面国旗是在美国军方为爱德温外公举行葬礼时授予她的。

The conjunction “as well as” means “in addition, and also,” with the emphasis upon what is before “as well as.”

连词 as well as 表示“除…之外(也),和”,强调 as well as 前面的部分。

she was presented with at Grandpa Edwin’s military funeral作the American flag的定语从句。短语present sb. with sth.表示“将某物授予或赠予某人”。

e.g.

It is important for you as well as for me.

Sally as well as Jane is working at this restaurant.

这对你我都很重要。

赛莉和简都在这家餐馆工作。


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bracelet // n.ornamental band worn on the wrist or arm

手镯;臂镯


Article2 popwin as well as

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as well as: in addition to; and also 除…之外(也);和


Article2 popwin sophie

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Sophie //索菲(女子名,Sophia的昵称)


Article2 popwin bill

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Bill / / 比尔(男子名,William 的昵称)


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conference //:n. meeting for discussion or exchange of views

会议;讨论会,协商会

e.g.

a press/news conference

The conference will be held in New York.

记者招待会

会议将在纽约召开。


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proceeds //:n.(从事某种活动或变卖财物等的)收入,收益;(期票、

保险单等扣除应付费用后的)实收款项

e.g.

The proceeds from the school play will be used to buy a new car.

学校演剧的收入将用于购买一辆新车。


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insurance //:n. (contract made by a company or society, or by the state, to provide a) guarantee of compensation for loss, damage, sickness, death, etc. in return for regular payment; business of providing such contracts; payment made by or to such a company, etc. 保险(契约);保险业;保险金;保险费

e.g.

labour insurance

an insurance company

She received £2,000 insurance.

Have you bought insurance on your house?

劳动保险

保险公司

她得到2000英镑的保险金。

你为房子买保险了吗?


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policy //:n. plan of action, statement of ideals, etc. proposed or

adopted by a government, political party, business, etc.;

(written statement of the) terms of a contract of insurance

(政府、政党、公司等的)方针,政策;保险单

e.g.

It is the policy of the government to improve education.

American foreign policy

an insurance policy

改进教育是政府的政策。

美国的外交政策

保险单


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jewelry //:n. articles made with jewels, gold, etc. and worn as

decoration on the body[总称]珠宝;首饰

e.g.

She never wears jewelry.

Her jewelry was insured for one million dollars.

她从来不戴首饰。

她的首饰保险100万美元。


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wedding //: n. marriage ceremony 婚礼

e.g.

The wedding will take place on Saturday.

I am going to attend my brother’s wedding.

a wedding ring

婚礼将于星期六举行。

我将参加我兄弟的婚礼。

结婚戒指


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deed //:n. act; thing done; document or agreement, esp. about

ownership of sth. 行为;行动;契约;证书

e.g.

His deeds do not agree with his words.

Do you have the deed to the house?

他言行不一。

你有这所房屋的房契吗?


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stock //:n. capital of a company which is divided into shares; money lent

to a government at a fixed rate of interest

资本,股本;股份;股票;公债

e.g.

stock exchange

证券交易所


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gas //:n.[复数gases]air like substance; gas made from coal or oil, or

found in a natural form under the ground, used for cooking,

heating, lighting, etc.; gasoline气体;煤气;天然气;汽油

e.g.

There are several kinds of gas in the air.

a gas cooker

I can smell a gas leak.

gas tanks

空气中有好几种气体。

煤气灶

我闻到煤气漏出来了。

油箱


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electric //:a. of electricity; producing electricity; using electrical power

电的;发电的;用电的

e.g.

electric power

an electric generating plant

an electric fan

an electric iron

an electric stove

电力

发电厂

电扇

电熨斗

电炉


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military //:a. of or for soldiers or an army; of or for the armed forces

军人的;军队的;军事的

e.g.

military service

military operation

military age

military base

military discipline

According to the Constitution of the country, all the young men do a year’s military service.

兵役

作战; 军事行动

兵役年龄

军事基地

军纪

根据该国宪法规定,所有的男青年都要服一年兵役。


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funeral //:n. ceremony for burying or burning a dead body 葬礼

e.g.

a state funeral

attend a funeral

hold a funeral

国葬

参加丧礼

举行葬礼


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present sb. with sth. / present sth. to sb.: give or hand over sth. to sb., esp. formally at a ceremony 将某物赠与或交给某人;(尤指在仪式上)将某物授予某人

e.g.

They presented flowers to their teacher.

The mayor presented a silver cup to the winner.

或:The mayor presented the winner with a silver cup.

他们献花给老师。

市长把银杯授予了获胜者。


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4) What did Grandma leave to Jeffrey?

Her diamond engagement ring, a letter and a stack of love notes.


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Chinese Version

我们起身离去时,律师对我们说,“还有三样东西。”他从公文包里取出一个小小的珠宝盒、一封信和一叠用红纸整整齐齐包着的信封。“杰弗里,你的外婆把她的订婚钻戒留给了你,希望你不久就能好好地派上用处。”大家都笑了起来。

“这些也是给你的,杰弗里,”他说,“这封信和这些情书可能是所有遗产中最珍贵的。”


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take out: remove from within; extract 拿出; 取出

e.g.

He took out a letter from his briefcase.

他从公文包里取出一封信。

briefcase //n. flat leather case for carrying papers in

公事包,公文包


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stack //:n. pile (of sth.), usu. neatly arranged

整齐的一叠(或一堆)

e.g.

a stack of papers

a stack of books

一摞报纸

一大堆书


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envelope //:n. cover or wrapper in which a letter is put 信封

e.g.

Don’t forget to put a stamp on the envelope.

别忘了在信封上贴邮票。


Article3 4 popwin s and a

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… and a stack of envelopes neatly wrapped in red paper.

……和一叠用红纸整整齐齐包着的信封。

In this sentence, the past participle phrase(过去分词短语)“neatly wrapped in red paper” is used as the post modifier for “a stack of envelopes.”

本句中,过去分词短语neatly wrapped in red paper作后置定语,修饰a stack of envelopes。


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diamond //:n. transparent precious stone of pure carbon in

crystallized form, the hardest substance known

金刚石;钻石

e.g.

a ring with a diamond in the center

Diamond rings are the most expensive.

一只中间镶有钻石的戒指

钻石戒指是最贵的。


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engagement //:n. agreement to marry 订婚

e.g.

engagement ring

My brother has just told me about his engagement to Anne.

订婚戒指

我弟弟刚告诉我他和安妮订婚了。


Article3 4 popwin s your grandmother

Article3-4_popwin_S_… your Grandmother

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… your Grandmother left you her diamond engagement ring, hoping you’ll make good use of it soon.

……你的外婆把她的订婚钻戒留给了你,希望你不久就能好好地派上用处。

In this sentence, the present participle phrase (现在分词短语) “hoping you’ll make good use of it soon” is used as an adverbial of attending circumstances (伴随性状语).

本句中,现在分词短语hoping you’ll make good use of it soon作伴随性状语。


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make use of: use or benefit from 使用;利用

e.g.

Make good use of your time.

She was making full use of this opportunity.

好好利用你的时间。

她正在充分利用这次机会。


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5) Why did Grandma think Grandpa Edwin’s letters were priceless?

Because they were a guidebook that would teach Jeffrey how to love a woman, how to understand people and how to respect and maintain his integrity.


Article5 6 popwin t

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Chinese Version

外婆的信是这样开始的:“亲爱的杰弗里,我把我最珍贵的财富之一——我的回忆——留给你。这些回忆即是你爱德温外公不在我身边时写给我的信。请读读这些信吧,它们是无价之宝,是指导你如何去爱一个女人、如何理解别人、如何重视并保持正直品格的指南。

“读这些信时,你会感受到一个出色的男人对一个出色的女人的思念和激情,你会了解战争给人们带来的恐惧和痛苦,你会认识到是非之分,你会学会信任你爱的人,远离你不信任的人,你也会知道什么是陈酿的友谊,真爱何以会成为你生活的核心。


Article5 6 popwin keep your

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… keep your distance from those you mistrust.

……远离你不信任的人。


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memory //:n. power of the mind by which facts can be

remembered; thing, event, etc. that is remembered

记忆力;记忆中的事,回忆

e.g.

He told us his pleasant childhood memories.

It brought me back to memories of my schooldays.

他向我们讲述了愉快的童年回忆。

它使我回想起我的学生时代。


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priceless //:a. too valuable to be priced 无价的;极其珍贵的

e.g.

The diamond ring is said to be a priceless treasure.

Good health is priceless.

据说这只钻戒是无价之宝。

身体健康是无价的。


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respect //:1.vt. admire or have a high opinion of 尊敬,敬重;尊重

e.g.

Children should respect their parents.

In spite of his different opinion, he respected his son’s point of view.

孩子们应该尊敬父母。

尽管有自己的看法,他还是尊重儿子的观点。

2.n. admiration felt or shown for a person or thing that has good qualities

or achievements; regard 尊敬,敬重;尊重

e.g.

The students have great respect for their history teacher.

This fellow never shows respect for anyone.

学生们非常尊敬他们的历史老师。

这家伙从不尊重任何人。


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integrity //:n. quality of being honest and morally upright 诚实,正直

e.g.

He is a man of integrity.

他是一个正直的人。


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distance //:n. (amount of) space between two points or places;

lack of friendliness 距离,间距;冷淡;不友好

e.g.

What is the distance between Shanghai and Beijing?

There has been (a) great distance between the two close friends since their quarrel.

从上海到北京有多远?

两个亲密的朋友自从争吵以后,就开始疏远了。


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keep one’s distance:stay away (from sb./sth.); be cool (towards sb.); avoid

being friendly (to sb.)

(与某人/某物)保持距离;保持冷淡; 保持疏远

e.g.

Over the years I have kept my distance from him.

多年以来,我一直和他保持着距离。


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mistrust //:vt. have no trust in 不信任,不相信

e.g.

He mistrusted my ability to do the work.

As a very small child she had learned to mistrust adults.

他怀疑我的工作能力。

她从小就对大人产生了不信任。


Article5 6 popwin s a guidebook

Article5-6_popwin_S_… a guidebook

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… a guidebook that will teach you how to love a woman, how to understand people, and how to respect and maintain your integrity.

……指导你如何去爱一个女人、如何理解别人、如何重视并保持正直品格的指南。

In the attributive clause that modifies “a guidebook,” the verb “teach” has three parallel infinitive phrases(不定式短语)as its direct objects. Parallel structures, usually arranged from the shortest to the longest, serve to emphasize and make the sentence sound more rhythmic and appealing.

修饰a guidebook的定语从句中,动词teach的直接宾语是三个并列的不定式短语。并列结构一般从短到长排列,起强调作用,增强句子的韵律和感染力。


Article5 6 popwin mature

T

T

Article5-6_popwin_mature

Language Points

mature //:a. fully grown or developed mentally or physically

充分发育的;成熟的

e.g.

You are a mature man now; you are no longer a boy.

The human brain isn’t fully mature until about age 25.

你现在是成人了,不再是小孩子了。

人脑到25岁才完全发育成熟。


Article5 6 popwin friendship

T

T

Article5-6_popwin_friendship

Language Points

friendship //:n. feeling or relationship between friends; state of being

friends 友谊

e.g.

The two boys formed a deep and lasting friendship.

Our marriage is based on friendship, love, and trust.

这两个男孩产生了深厚而持久的友谊。

我们的婚姻建立在友谊、爱情和信任的基础上。


Article5 6 popwin core

T

T

Article5-6_popwin_core

Language Points

core //:n. inner central part of sth. esp. fruit, the earth, etc.; main or most

important part of sth. 果心;地核;核心,最重要的部分

e.g.

Math, science, English, and history form the core of a high school education.

The core of the problem is debt.

数学、科学、英语和历史构成了高中教育的核心。

问题的核心是债务。


Article7 popwin q

Article7_popwin_ Q

6) What did Grandma say about love?

Love is like a beautiful photograph one stores in an album. It stops time and makes one young again forever.

7) What was Grandpa Edwin and what happened to him?

He was a professional army officer who served under General Pershing in France during World War I and was killed in action..


Article7 popwin t

Article7_popwin_ T

Chinese Version

“杰弗里,我一直都很幸运。我爱着一个优秀的男人,他也深爱着我。尽管他的爱现在已经成了回忆,但它也是一个永远也不会结束的真实的梦。爱就像一张存放在相册中的美丽的照片。每当你惊奇地凝视它时,你都能欣赏到它的美。爱可以使时间停滞,使你再一次青春焕发——永远青春焕发!爱德温外公是个军人,是一位职业军官,第一次世界大战期间赴法国,在潘兴将军的部队中服役。要了解外公的内心世界,读一读他写给我的情书吧。你会了解一个真正的男人能多么浪漫,多么完美。要真正了解外公的品德,读一读杰克·潘兴将军在得知爱德温阵亡后给我写的亲笔信吧。


Article7 popwin edwin

Article7_popwin_Edwin

Language Points

Edwin //爱德温(男子名)


Article7 popwin general pershing

Article7_popwin_General Pershing

Language Points

General Pershing//

潘兴将军(John Joseph Pershing, 1860—1948,美国将军,第一次世界大战时指挥在欧洲的美国远征军,战后升为五星上将,1921—1924年任陆军参谋长)


Article7 popwin jack

Article7_popwin_ Jack

Language Points

Jack //杰克(男子名,Jacob, John的昵称)


Article7 popwin s to understand

Article7_popwin_S_To understand

Language Points

To understand your grandfather’s soul, read his loving letters to me.

要了解外公的内心世界,读一读他写给我的情书吧。

本句中,不定式短语表示目的,置于句首,起强调作用。


Article7 popwin f ortunate

T

T

Article7_popwin_fortunate

Language Points

fortunate //:a. having good fortune; lucky 交好运的;幸运的

e.g.

The old lady’s fortunate enough to have very good health.

I was fortunate to catch today’s last bus to the county at the last minute.

老太太身体很健康,真是好福气。

我在最后一分钟赶上了今天最后一班去县城的长途车,真是幸运。


Article7 popwin s while his love

Article7_popwin_S_While his love

Language Points

While his love is now a memory, it is also a real dream that never ends.尽管他的爱现在已经成了回忆,但它也是一个永远不会结束的真实的梦。

In this sentence, the conjunction “while” means “though/although” and introduces an adverbial clause of concession (让步状语从句).

本句中,连词while表示“虽然、尽管”,相当于though或although,引导让步状语从句。


Article7 popwin album

T

Article7_popwin_album

Language Points

album //:n. empty book into which one can put photographs, stamps,

etc.; long-playing record with several items by the same

performer(收存照片、邮票等的)粘贴簿;(密纹)歌集唱片

e.g.

I put the photo into my album.

我把照片放入相册。


Article7 popwin stare at

T

T

Article7_popwin_stare at

Language Points

stare at: look at (sb./sth.) in a fixed gaze with the eyes wide open 瞪着眼

睛凝视;盯着看

e.g.

Why are you staring at me like that?

She stared at the page for several minutes, trying to understand.

你干吗那样盯着我看?

她盯着这页书看了好几分钟,试图弄明白。


Article7 popwin wonderment

T

Article7_popwin_wonderment

Language Points

wonderment //:n. a feeling of pleasant surprise or admiration;

sth. causing wonder; marvel 惊奇;奇事;奇妙

的东西

e.g.

We gazed in wonderment at the sunset on the small island.

在小岛上,我们凝视着日落,惊叹不已。


Article7 popwin s you can

Article7_popwin_S_You can

Language Points

You can enjoy its beauty each time you stare at it in wonderment.

每当你惊奇地凝视它时,你都能欣赏到它的美。

In this sentence, “each time” functions as the conjunction that introduces an adverbial clause of time (时间状语从句).

本句中each time作连词,引导时间状语从句。


Article7 popwin forever

T

T

Article7_popwin_forever

Language Points

forever //:ad. for all time, always 永远

e.g.

I shall remember that happy day forever.

Many valuable works of art were lost forever.

我将永远记住那快乐的一天。

许多珍贵的艺术作品永远流失了。


Article7 popwin s and it

Article7_popwin_S_And, it

Language Points

And, it makes you young again — forever!

使你再一次青春焕发,永远青春焕发!

In this sentence, “forever” is separated from the main part ofthesentence by a dash for the sake of emphasis.

本句中,forever和前面的句子用破折号隔开,起强调作用。


Article7 popwin general

T

Article7_popwin_general

Language Points

general /d/:n. any of various military officers ranking above a

colonel 将军

e.g.

The general of the army presented an American flag to the wife of the dead soldier.

将军将一面美国国旗授予阵亡士兵的妻子。


Article7 popwin soul

T

Article7_popwin_soul

Language Points

soul //:n. spiritual or non material part of a person, believed to exist

after death 灵魂

e.g.

He knew in his soul that Linda was never going to change.

他心里明白琳达是不会变的。


Article7 popwin s to understand1

Article7_popwin_S_To understand

Language Points

To understand your grandfather’s soul, read his loving letters to me.

要了解外公的内心世界,读一读他写给我的情书吧。

In this sentence, the infinitive phrase(不定式短语)“To understand your grandfather’s soul,” which states the purpose, is placed at the beginning of the sentence for the sake of emphasis.

本句中,不定式短语表示目的,置于句首,起强调作用。


Article7 popwin romantic

T

T

Article7_popwin_romantic

Language Points

romantic //:a. (of people, their characters, etc.) enjoying

emotional situations

(人、性格等)多情的,浪漫的

e.g.

I always thought it would be romantic to get red roses on my birthday.

Paris is a romantic city.

我一向认为在生日时收到红玫瑰是非常浪漫的。

巴黎是一个浪漫的城市。


Article7 popwin truly

T

T

Article7_popwin_truly

Language Points

truly //:ad. genuinely; really; truthfully 真正地;确实地;真实地

e.g.

I don’t know what he truly felt.

For the first time in her life she felt truly happy.

我不知道他当时的真实感受是什么。

她有生以来第一次真正地感到快乐。


Article7 popwin character

T

T

Article7_popwin_character

Language Points

character //:n. mental or moral quality or nature of a person

(人的)品德,品质,性格

e.g.

A person’s character is more important than past experience.

He has a strong but gentle character.

一个人的人品比他过去的经历更重要。

他的性格坚强但不乏温柔。


Article8 popwin q

Article8_popwin_Q

8) Why did Grandma suggest Jeffrey find the right girl to love and love her ardently?

Because this love would enrich both their lives and make them both happier.


Article8 popwin t

Article8_popwin_T

Chinese Version

“杰弗里,我说过这些情书是无价之宝,我已经告诉你他的情书有多么珍贵,希望你能从中有所领悟。然后找一个值得你爱的女孩,满怀激情地爱她。爱情能使你们的生活丰富多彩,给你们带来更多的快乐。


Article8 popwin ardently

Article8_popwin_ardently

Language Points

ardently //: ad. warmly and intensely; passionately

热烈地;充满激情地


Article8 popwin jeffrey

Article8_popwin_Jeffrey

Language Points

Jeffrey //杰弗里(男子名)


Article8 popwin packet

T

T

Article8_popwin_packet

Language Points

packet //:n. small container made of paper of cardboard

小包,小盒

e.g.

a packet of letters

a packet of cigarettes

一包信

一盒香烟


Article8 popwin enrich

T

T

Article8_popwin_enrich

Language Points

enrich //:vt. make rich; improve in quality

使富裕;使富有;使丰富;充实

e.g.

Love of art will enrich your life.

The goal of the course is to enrich our understanding of other cultures.

热爱艺术将会丰富你的生活。

这门课程的目的是增进我们对其他文化的理解。


Article9 10 popwin q

Article9-10_popwin_Q

9) Why were Grandpa Edwin’s letters valuable?

Because the old stamps were very old and the personal handwritten note from General Pershing was authentic.


Article9 10 popwin t

Article9-10_popwin_T

Chinese Version

“说到这些信的价值,请把这些信封收藏好。索思比拍卖行的估价师说这些老邮票的价值远远超过了我的其他财产。潘兴将军的亲笔信比邮票更加值钱。愿爱陪伴你一生,愿你的人生更有意义!上帝保佑你!

“我爱你,埃尔西外婆。”


Article9 10 popwin as for

T

Article9-10_popwin_as for:

Language Points

as for: in regard to; speaking of; concerning 至于;说到;关于

e.g.

Kitty has become so thin. And as for Carol, she always seems to be ill.

基蒂变得这么瘦。至于卡罗尔,她看上去总是病恹恹的。


Article9 10 popwin sotheby s

Article9-10_popwin_Sotheby’s

Language Points

Sotheby’s //索思比拍卖行(世界著名艺术品拍卖行,1744年建于伦敦,

1983年被美国人陶布曼收购。总部设在纽约和伦敦)


Article9 10 popwin appraiser

T

Article9-10_popwin_appraiser

Language Points

appraiser //:n. person who judges the quality or worth of sth.

估价人;评价人;鉴定人

e.g.

The appraiser said the old stamp was worth at least 1,000 dollars.

估价师说这枚老邮票至少值1000美元。


Article9 10 popwin estate

T

Article9-10_popwin_estate

Language Points

estate //:n. all the money and property that a person owns, esp. that

which is left at death 财产;遗产

e.g.

The old woman left her entire estate to her three children.

老妇人把所有的财产都留给了她的三个孩子。


Article9 10 popwin s the old

T

T

Article9-10_popwin_S_… the old

Language Points

… the old stamps are worth far more than the rest of my estate.

……这些老邮票的价值远远超过了我的其他财产。

The phrase “be worth” in this sentence means “have a value in money.” The adverb “far” modifies the comparative degree(比较级) of adjectives and adverbs, meaning “to a great degree.”

本句中,词组 be worth 表示值多少钱。副词 far,修饰形容词和副词的比较级,表示程度上的递进,“更…得多”。

e.g.

How much is this bicycle worth? It’s worth £50.

She is far better than me at writing.

这辆自行车值多少钱?值50英镑。

她写作比我好得多。


Article9 10 popwin s the personal

T

Article9-10_popwin_S_… …the personal

Language Points

… the personal handwritten note from General Pershing is even more valuable than the stamps.

……潘兴将军的亲笔信比邮票更加值钱。

The adverb “even” is used with the comparative degree of adjectives and adverbs to emphasize that someone or something is bigger, better, etc.副词even表示“比…更”,与形容词或副词的比较级连用,加强语气。

e.g.

It was cold yesterday, but it’s even colder today.

昨天很冷,但今天更冷。


Ta main

TA-main

Text A Exercises

Reading Aloud

Understanding the Text

Reading Analysis

Vocabulary

Structure

Translation


Read the following

Read the following

Reading Aloud

Read the following paragraph until you have learned them by heart.

Grandma’s letter began, “Dear Jeffrey, I am leaving you one of my most precious treasures — my memories. These memories are the letters your Grandfather Edwin wrote when he was away from me. Please read them. They are both priceless and valuable — a guidebook that will teach you how to love a woman, how to understand people, and how to respect and maintain your integrity.

“When you read them you will share the longing and passion a good man feels for a good woman. You will also understand the fears and tears of war. And you will realize the differences between right and wrong. You will learn to trust the people you love and keep your distance from those you mistrust. You will learn about mature friendships and how true love can become the core of your life.”


Understandling answer

Understandling-Answer

Understanding the Text

Answer the following questions.

When did Jeffrey fully understand his Grandma’s deep love?

Why will Jeffrey never forget the moment?

What was so special about the American flag Grandma left to her children?

What three more things did Grandma leave to Jeffrey?

Why did Grandma think Grandpa Edwin’s letters were priceless?

What did Grandma say about love?

Who was Grandpa Edwin and what happened to him?

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.


Topics 1

Topics-1

8.

9.

Why did Grandma suggest Jeffrey find the right girl to love and love her ardently?

Why were Grandpa Edwin’s letters valuable?

Topics for Discussion.

  • Love is most important in our lives. It gives us hope and courage. It enriches our lives and makes us happy. Everyone needs to love and be loved. Whom do you love most in your life?

  • In today’s world, many people are so busy making money that they tend to pay less attention to love. Which do you think is more important, love or money?


Read text 1

Read text-1

Reading Analysis

Read Text A again and complete the following table.

PartTopicParagraph Main Idea

Jeffrey came to fully appreciate

when the lawyer read her will.

The death of Grandma Elsie

1

________________________

the depth of Grandma’s love

Grandma left her children her little wealth as well as

.

The wealth Grandma left

2

II

an American flag

_______________

Grandma left Jeffrey the most precious legacy of all —

.

3-4

______________________

_____

a letter and a stack of love

notes


Read text 2

Read text-2

PartTopicParagraph Main Idea

III

Grandfather’s letters are both priceless and valuable because

.

Grandma’s letter

5-6

__________________________

________________

they are a guidebook that can teach many things

7

To Grandma, Grandfather’s love was a for her, even though he died young.

_____________________

dream that never ended


Read text 3

___________________

Read text-3

PartTopicParagraph Main Idea

Since love is so beautiful, Grandma asked Jeffrey to

.

8

______________________

______________

find the right girl to love and

love her ardently

9-10

the personal handwritten note from General Pershing

The old stamps and

are very valuable .

__________

___________________________________


Vocabulary fill in1 1

Vocabulary-Fill in1-1

Vocabulary

Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the forms where necessary.

friendship soul character precious military

respect forever lawyer fortunate memory

fortunate

1. You are enough to have such understanding parents.

2. They the old man’s last wishes and burned all his letters.

3. When her son went to fight in the war, the mother felt she had said goodbye to

him .

4. A person’s is very important to me when I decide who I want to work with.

5. In some countries every healthy young man must do a year’s service when he reaches eighteen.

________

respected

________

______

forever

character

________

_______

military


Vocabulary fill in1 2

Vocabulary-Fill in1-2

friendship soul character precious military

respect forever lawyer fortunate memory

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

John and I have maintained our for over 30 years; it is more valuable than money.

One of my earliest childhood is of my mother reading stories to me by the fire.

The old man’s grey eyes seemed able to see into the very depths of her

.

Since you have so much work to do, I won’t waste any more of your

time.

He refused to answer any questions in court until his came.

friendship

_________

_________

memories

_____

soul

________

precious

______

lawyer


Vocabulary fill in2 1

Vocabulary-Fill in2-1

Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the forms where necessary.

take out make use of keep one’s distance from

as for as well as stare at

1.

2.

3.

I want to see David Mary.

The poor boy every piece of newspaper that he could pick up and acquired a lot of knowledge in this way.

Police warned the public to the dangerous man who was said to have killed three people.

_________

as well as

___________

made use of

keep their distance from

____________________


Vocabulary fill in2 2

Vocabulary-Fill in2-2

take out make use of keep one’s distance from

as for as well as stare at

The boy jumped with joy when his mother a wonderful Christmas gift from her car.

My mother did almost everything she could for me, but my father, he always wanted me to be on my own.

Helen him in disbelief, shaking her head.

_______

took out

4.

5.

_____

as for

stared at

________

6.


Structure complete1 1

Structure-complete1-1

Structure

Rewrite the following sentences after the model, using “while”.

Model:

Although his love is now a memory, it is also a real dream that never ends.

→While his love is now a memory, it is also a real dream that never ends.

1. Although the car is old, it still runs well.

___________________________________________________________

While the car is old, it still runs well.

2.

Although we are a small company, we produce over 10,000 machines a year.

___________________________________________________________

While we are a small company, we produce over 10,000 machines a year.


Structure complete1 11

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

Structure-complete1-1

3.

Although I quite understand why he refused to help her, I cannot agree that he was right not to do so.

White I quite understand why he refused to help her, I cannot agree that he was right not to do so.

4.

Although no more than twenty-two, she was already a highly successful business-woman.

While no more than twenty-two, she was already a highly successful business-woman.

5.

Although in poor health, she continued to carry out her duties.

_________________________________________________________

While in poor health, she continued to carry out her duties.


Structure complete2 1

Structure-complete2-1

Study the following example and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese in brackets into English, using an “even + a comparative” structure.

Model:

The personal handwritten note from General Pershing is even more valuable than the stamps. (甚至更值钱)

The news was than we had expected. (甚至更糟糕)

It seems that you know about the matter than I do. (甚至更少)

even worse

__________

1.

________

even less

2.


Structure complete2 11

Structure-complete2-1

This show will be than the last one and is not to be missed! (甚至更有趣)

His manner of speaking made whatever he wassaying sound . (甚至更振奋人心)

__________________

even more interesting

3.

4.

even more exciting

_______________


Unit5

TL1

Translation

Translate the following sentences into English.

1.在那位士兵的葬礼上,将军授予士兵的妻子一枚勋章和一面美国国旗。

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

At the soldier’s funeral, the general presented his wife with a medal as well as an American flag.

2.

这些老邮票比我其他所有的财产都更加值钱。至于这枚钻戒,它是无价之宝。

These old stamps are even more valuable than all the rest of my estate. As for the diamond ring, it is priceless.

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

3.尽管他的爱已经成了回忆,但每当我凝视他的照片,我都能充分感受到他深深的爱。

While his love is now a memory, each time I stare at his photo, I can fully appreciate the depth of his love.

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________


Unit5

TL2

4.

母亲经常告诉我要好好利用宝贵的时间,远离那些我不信任的人。

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

Mother often tells me to make good use of my precious time and keep my distance from those I mistrust.

5.

直到读了他的信,我才理解到成熟的友谊可以丰富我们的人生。

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

I didn’t understand that mature friendship could enrich our lives until I read his letter.


Unit5

GR1

Grammar Review

可数名词和不可数名词(Countable and Uncountable Nouns)

英语中的名词可分为可数名词和不可数名词。可数名词有单、复数之分,分别表示一个或多个。大部分个体名词(individual nouns)都是可数的;还有一类名词,表示若干个体组成的集合体,称为集合名词(collective nouns),这类名词一般也是可数的。不可数名词不分单复数;物质名词(material nouns)和抽象名词(abstract nouns)一般是不可数名词。

类 别 例 句

He took out a small jewelry box, a letter, and three envelopes.

他拿出一个小首饰盒、一封信和三个信封。

个体名词,如book, dog, doctor, house, bird等

集体名词,如audience, crew, class, couple, committee, family, team, government, jury, party, public等

The audience is enormous.

观众人数众多。

Mary’s family now live in London.

玛丽一家现在住在伦敦。


Unit5

GR2

类 别 例 句

物质名词,如air, butter, grass, money, sand, water等

Water is the only drink for a wise man.

聪明人只以水作饮料。

You should put some air in your tyres.

你该往轮胎里打气了。

Love is like a beautiful photograph you store in an album.

爱就像存在相册里的一张精美照片。

He derived pleasure from seeing people and serving them.

他从接待人们并为他们服务中得到了快乐。

抽象名词, 如carefulness, joy, peace, pleasure, power, wealth等


Unit5

GR3

可数名词与不可数名词之间的相互转化(Conversion between countable and uncountable nouns)

用 法 例 句

Have some tea.

喝杯茶吧。

Longjing is a well-known tea.

龙井是一种名茶。

1.

2.

物质名词一般是不可数的,但用来表示具体、个别事物,或表示某个品种时,通常是可数的。

Her success is due to hard work and determination.

她的成功归功于她的努力和决心。

His first film was a great success.

他的第一部电影极其成功。

抽象名词一般是不可数的,但当它前后有修饰语表示某一特定的事例时,可以当作可数名词。


Unit5

GR4

用 法 例 句

Light travels faster than sound.

光速比音速快。

The lights are on.

灯都亮着。

I bought a paper to read.

我买了一张报纸看。

I need some paper to write on.

我需要一些书写纸。

There is a spare room in the house.

房子里有一间空房间。

You can’t sit here. There isn’t room.

你不能坐这儿。这里没地方。

3.

可数名词和不可数名词相互转化时,词义往往起变化。


Unit5

GR5

Identify the mistake in each sentence and then correct it.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Our workshop has ordered some new equipments from Germany.

_______________________

equipments → equipment

My teacher gave me some sound advices.

_______________________

advices → advice

Do you have any special informations for me?

informations → information

________________________

Most furniture in my house are made of wood.

are → is

________________________

Today, I have a lot of new works to do.

works → work

________________________


Unit5

GR6

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Don’t walk on the grasses.

_______________________

grasses → grass

The foreign students have made great progresses in their studies.

_______________________

progresses → progress

All his money are kept in the bank.

_______________________

are → is

Grandma’s letter began, “Dear Jeffrey, I am leaving you one of my most precious treasure — my memories.”

_______________________

treasure → treasures

Grandma Elsie wanted her daughters and their husbands to share what little wealths she was leaving.

wealths → wealth

_______________________


Unit5

PW1

Practical Writing

Envelopes

How to address an envelope when you write a letter in English

The physical appearance of a letter consists of the paper and the envelope. The first thing a recipient sees is the envelope. It is essential that it should be of suitable quality with the name and address spelt correctly.

The name and address of the recipient should be centered on the envelope or in the lower right part of the front. Make sure the address begins far enough down on the face of the envelope so that it will not be covered by the postmark.


Unit5

PW2

Things to include in a mailing address:

Line 1: The receiver’s name, followed by the courtesy title, job title or

rank.

Line 2: The name of the company, college, institution or the building.

Line 3: The street, with the house number before it.

Line 4: The city and state (or province), followed by the zip code.

Line 5: The country itself.

e.g.Miss Abigail Beecher

Department of History

Klondike Community College

14 Banks St.

Yellowknife, NT X1A 2N3

Canada


Unit5

PW3

When using an envelope with a printed return address, you must type or write the name of the writer of the letter immediately above the printed information. Align the writer’s name on the left with this information. If desired, the writer’s job title may be included after his or her name. If you are using a plain envelope, you must add the return address in the upper left corner. Start typing or writing on the third line down from top of the envelope. The return address must include the name of the writer (your name); the name of your company, college, etc., the street address or a post office box number; and the city, state (or province), and zip code.


Unit5

PW6

Read the following envelope and complete the information by filling in the blanks below.

Edward Burton, Sales Manager

Hotel Radcliff

1600 Avenue of the Americas

New York, NY 10019

Mrs. Ella Lindstrom

President, Houston Branch

Business Education Teachers of America

1448 South 25th Street

Houston, TX 77016


Unit5

PW7

The letter is written by .

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

____________

Edward Burton

________________

Mrs. Ella Lindstrom

The letter is sent to .

_________

president

The title(头衔)of the receiver is .

The street address of the receiver’s institution is .

____________________

1448 South 25th Street

77016

________

The zip code(邮编)of the receiver is .


Unit5

PW10

Address an envelope according to the information given below.

The information about the writer:

Mr. Chen Xiang works at Suton International Shipping Limited.

He is the sales manager of the company.

His company is located at 88 South Changjiang Road, Shanghai 200441, China.

The information about the receiver:

Mr. James Green works at Green Industries Inc.

He is the General Manager (总经理) of the Company.

His company is located at 999 Park Avenue, Rockford, IL 61265, USA.

Suggested Answer:


Unit5

Chen Xiang, Sales manager

Suton International Shipping Limited

88 South Changjiang Road

Shanghai 200441

P.R. China

Mr. James Green

General Manager

Green Industries Inc.

999 Park Avenue

Rockford, IL 61265

USA

PW11

Suggested Answer:


Textb p1 2

CH

TextB_P1-2

Text B

A String of Blue Beads

Fulton Oursler

1Pete Richard was the loneliest man in town on the day Jean Grace opened the door of his shop. It was a small shop which had come down to him from his grandfather. The little front window was strewn with a disarray of old-fashioned things. On this winter’s afternoon a child was standing there, her forehead against the glass, earnest and enormous eyes studying each treasureas if she were looking for something quite special.Finally she straightened up with a satisfied air and entered the store.

2 The inside of Pete Richard’s store was even more cluttered than his show window. Behind the counter stood Pete himself, a man not more than thirty but with hair already turning gray.

N

N

N

N

N

N

?


Textb p3 5

CH

TextB_P3-5

Text B

3“Mister,” she began, “would you please let me look at the string of blue beads in the window?” Pete parted the draperies and lifted out a necklace. The greenish blue stones gleamed brightly in his palm as he spread them before her. “They’re just perfect,” said the child. “Will you wrap them up pretty for me, please?”

4 “Are you buying these for someone?” “They’re for my big sister. She takes care of me. You see, this will be the first Christmas since Mother died. I’ve been looking for the most wonderful Christmas present for my sister.”

5 “How much money do you have?” asked Pete. She had been busily untying the knots in a handkerchief and now she poured out a handful of pennies on the counter. “I emptied my bank,” she explained simply.

?


Textb p6 7

CH

TextB_P6-7

Text B

6 Pete looked at her thoughtfully. Then he carefully drew back the necklace. The price tag was visible to him but not to her. How could he tell her? “Just a minute,” he said, and turned toward the back of the store. Over his shoulder he called, “What’s your name?” “Jean Grace.”

7When Pete returned to where Jean Grace waited, a package lay in his hand, wrapped in red paper and tied with a bow of green. “There you are,” he said. “Don’t lose it on the way home.”

N

?


Textb p8 9

CH

TextB_P8-9

Text B

8 She smiled happily over her shoulder as she ran out the door. Through the window he watched her go. Something about Jean Grace and her string of beads had stirred him to the depths of a grief that would not stay buried. The child’s hair was wheat yellow, her eyes sea blue, and once upon a time, not long before, Pete had been in love with a girl with hair of that same yellow and with eyes just as blue. And the necklace was to be given to her.

N

9But there had come a rainy night — a truck skidding on a slippery road — and the life was crushed out of his dream. Since then, Pete had lived too much with his grief in solitude.

He was trying to forget the past. The blue eyes of Jean Grace reminded him what he had lost. The pain of it made him recoil

N

N

from the happiness of holiday shoppers. During the next ten days trade was brisk. When the last customer had gone, late on Christmas Eve, he sighed with relief. It was over for another year. But for Pete the night was not quite over.

?


Textb p10 16

CH

TextB_P10-16

Text B

10 The door opened and a young woman hurried in. Suddenly, he realized that she looked familiar, yet he could not remember when or where he had seen her before. Without speaking, she drew from her purse a package loosely unwrapped in its red paper, a bow of green ribbon with it.Presently the string of blue beads lay gleaming again before him.

11 “Did this come from your shop?” she asked.

12 Pete raised his eyes to hers and answered softly, “Yes, it did.”

13 “Are the stones real?”

14 “Yes. Not the finest quality — but real.”

15 “Can you remember who it was you sold them to?”

16 “She was a small girl. Her name was Jean. She bought them for her older sister’s Christmas present.”

N

N

?


Textb p17 24

CH

TextB_P17-24

Text B

17 “How much are they worth?”

18 “The price,” he told her solemnly, “is always a secret between the seller and the customer.”

19 “But Jean has never had more than a few pennies of spending money. How could she pay for them?”

20 “She paid the biggest price anyone can ever pay,” he said. “She gave all she had.”

21 “But why did you do it?”

22 He held out the gift in his hand.

23 “It’s already Christmas morning,” he said. “And it’s my misfortune that I have no one to give anything to. Will you let me see you home and wish you a Merry Christmas at your door?”

24 And so, to the sound of many bells and in the midst of happy people, Pete Richard and a girl whose name he had yet to hear, walked out into the beginning of the great day that brings hope into the world for us all.

?


Textb p1 2 questions

TextB_P1-2_Questions

1) Who was Pete Richard?

He was the owner of a shop which had come down to him from his grandfather.

2) What was the shop like?

The shop was very cluttered, with the show window strewn with a disarray of old-fashioned things.


Textb p1 2 chinese

TextB_P1-2_Chinese

Chinese Version

一串蓝珠项链

富尔顿·奥斯勒

在琼·格雷斯推开他店门的那一天,皮特·理查德是镇上最孤独的人。这家小店是他的祖父传下来的。小小的橱窗里散乱地放置着一些过时的东西。在这个冬日的下午,一个孩子站在那里,她的前额贴着玻璃,一双大眼睛热切地审视着每一件珠宝,好像在寻找什么很特别的东西。最后,她带着满意的神情挺直身子,走进了店里。

店里的布置比橱窗还要杂乱,店主皮特就站在柜台后面。他还不到30岁,但头发已经有点灰白。


Textb p1 2 lp string

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ string

Language Points

string //:n. thin cord made of twisted thread; set or series of things put

together on a thread, cord, etc.细绳;线;(一)串

e.g.

a piece of string

a string of pearls

一根绳子, 一条带子

一串珍珠


Textb p1 2 lp bead

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ bead

Language Points

bead //:n. small piece of hard material with a hole through it, for

threading with others on a string; [~s] necklace made of

beads(有孔的)小珠;[~s]珠子项链

e.g.

She wore a string of beads round her neck.

她脖子上挂了一串珠子。


Textb p1 2 lp pete richard

TextB_P1-2_LP_ Pete Richard

Language Points

Fulton Oursler/f'/ 富尔顿·奥斯勒

Pete Richard //皮特·理查德


Textb p1 2 lp jean grace

TextB_P1-2_LP_ Jean Grace

Language Points

Jean Grace /'/琼·格雷斯


Textb p1 2 lp lonely

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ lonely

Language Points

lonely //:a. sad because one lacks friends or companions

孤独的,寂寞的

e.g.

When his wife and two little children left him, he was very lonely.

Working as a writer can be a very lonely life.

妻子和两个孩子离他而去后,他很孤独。

当作家会是一种很寂寞的生活。


Textb p1 2 lp s pete richard

TextB_P1-2_LP_S_Pete Richard

Language Points

Pete Richard was the loneliest man in town on the day Jean Grace opened the door of his shop.

一天,琼·格雷斯推开了一家小店的门,其时,店主皮特·理查德是小镇上最孤独的人。

In this sentence, “Jean Grace opened the door of his shop” serves as the attributive clause of “day,” with the relative adverb(关系副词) “when” omitted.

本句中,Jean Grace opened the door of his shop 作 day 的定语从句,day 后省略了关系副词 when。


Textb p1 2 lp come down

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ come down

Language Points

come down: be passed from one generation to another 传下来;流传下来

e.g.

The old house came down to him from his grandfather.

这幢老房子是他的祖父传下来的。


Textb p1 2 lp strew

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ strew

Language Points

strew //:vt.[strewed, strewed 或strewn] cover (a surface) with

scattered things 散落在…上

e.g.

The street is strewn with broken glass.

The yard was strewn with garbage.

马路上到处都是碎玻璃。

院子里到处都是垃圾。


Textb p1 2 lp disarray

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ disarray

Language Points

disarray //:n. state in which people or things are no longer properly

organized 混乱,紊乱

e.g.

The enemy troops ran away in disarray.

敌军仓皇逃窜。


Textb p1 2 lp old fashioned

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ old-fashioned:

Language Points

old-fashioned:a. out of date 老式的,过时的

e.g.

She wears really old-fashioned clothes!

The idea seems rather old-fashioned now.

她穿的衣服真老式!

这观念已经过时了。


Textb p1 2 lp s the little front

TextB_P1-2_LP_S_The little front

Language Points

The little front window was strewn with a disarray of old-fashioned things.

小小的橱窗里散乱地放置着一些过时的东西。


Textb p1 2 lp forehead

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ forehead

Language Points

forehead //:n. front part of the head between the eyes and hair 前额

e.g.

I kissed her forehead and then left.

我亲吻了她的额头,然后走了。


Textb p1 2 lp earnest

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ earnest

Language Points

earnest //:a. serious and determined; sincere; zealous

认真的,有决心的;诚挚的;热切的

e.g.

It is my earnest wish that you use this money to continue you study of music.

Robert is a very earnest young man; you can trust him.

我真诚地希望你能用这笔钱继续学习音乐。

罗伯特是个十分认真的年轻人,你可以信赖他。


Textb p1 2 lp enormous

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ enormous

Language Points

enormous //:a. very large; huge 巨大的,极大的

e.g.

He is a man of enormous strength.

He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as £1,000 for a single appearance.

他力大无穷。

他挣的钱极多,出场一次就收入高达1 000英镑之多。


Textb p1 2 lp s her forehead 1

TextB_P1-2_LP_ S_… her forehead 1

Language Points

… her forehead against the glass, earnest and enormous eyes studying each treasure…

……她的前额贴着玻璃,一双大眼睛热切地审视着每一件珠宝……

In this sentence, the two phrases “her forehead against the glass” and “earnest and enormous eyes studying each treasure” are absoluteconstructions(独立结构), expressing manner and attending circumstances(伴随状况). An absolute construction is subordinated to the main clause but has its own subject (such as “her forehead” and “earnest and enormous eyes”) and usually functions as an adverbial clause in a sentence.

本句中这两个短语是独立结构,表示方式和伴随状况。独立结构从属于主句,但带有自己的主语,如her forehead和earnest and enormous eyes,通常在句中起状语的作用。


Textb p1 2 lp s her forehead 2

T

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ S_… her forehead 2

Language Points

e.g.

His homework done, Jim decided to go and see the play. (= After his homework was done, Jim…表示时间)

The teacher walked into the classroom, book in hand. (=The teacher walked into the classroom, with a book in his hand.表示方式和伴随状况)

Weather permitting, the match will be played on Wednesday. (=If the weather permits, the match…表示条件)

作业完成后,吉姆决定去看比赛。

老师走进教室,手里拿着一本书。

如果天气允许,比赛将于星期三举行。


Textb p1 2 lp s as if

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ S_… as if

Language Points

… as if she were looking for something quite special.

……好像在寻找什么很特别的东西。

The subjunctive mood(虚拟语气) is usually used in the adverbial clause of manner(方式状语从句)introduced by “as if.”

as if引导的方式状语从句中往往要用虚拟语气。

e.g.

It seemed as if the meeting would never end.

He looked as if he had seen a ghost.

看上去似乎会议没完没了。

他好像见了鬼似的。


Textb p1 2 lp straighten

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_ straighten

Language Points

straighten /t/:v. make or become straight把…弄直;使挺直;变直;直起

straighten up: make one’s body upright 挺直身子

e.g.

He remained bent over for several seconds before slowly straightening up.

他弯着腰呆了好几秒钟,才慢慢地挺直身子。


Textb p1 2 lp satisfy

T

T

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_satisfy

Language Points

satisfy //:vt.[satisfied, satisfied]give (sb.) what he wants,

demands or needs; make contented; fulfil (a need,

desire, etc.); do enough to meet (a requirement, etc.)

使满足;使满意;满足(需要、愿望等);达到(要求等)

e.g.

satisfy people’s needs

I wasn’t satisfied with our treatment at that hotel, so I shall complain to the manager.

This work does not satisfy me.

满足人民需要

我不满意我们在那家旅馆受到的待遇,因此我要向经理投诉。

这件工作我不满意。


Textb p1 2 lp s finally she

TextB_P1-2_LP_S_Finally she

Language Points

Finally she straightened up with a satisfied air…:

她带着满意的神情挺直身子……

In this sentence, “air” is used as a countable noun, meaning “look or appearance.”

本句中,air作可数名词,表示“神情”。


Textb p1 2 lp clutter

T

TextB_P1-2_LP_clutter

Language Points

clutter //:vt. make (a place, a room, etc.) untidy (with a number of things)

使凌乱,使杂乱

e.g.

His desk is cluttered with old books.

他的书桌上乱糟糟地堆满了旧书。


Textb p1 2 lp s behind the

TextB_P1-2_LP_S_Behind the

Language Points

Behind the counter stood Pete himself, a man not more than thirty but with hair already turning gray.

店主皮特就站在柜台后面。他还不到30岁,但头发已经有点灰白。

This sentence is inverted(倒装) in word order. In English, if the adverbial of place (地点状语) is put at the beginning of a sentence and the subject is a noun instead of a pronoun, the sentence may be inverted. “A man not more than thirty but with hair already turning gray” serves as the appositive of “Pete.” The prepositional phrase “with hair already turning gray” is an absolute construction with the preposition “with.”

本句词序倒装。在英语中,地点状语前置,主语是名词而不是代词,句子可以倒装。

a man not more than thirty but with hair already turning gray 作 Pete 的同位语。介词短语with hair already turning gray 是 with 加上独立结构的形式。


Textb p3 5 questions

TextB_P3-5_Questions

3) What did Jean Grace choose in the shop?

She chose a string of blue beads.

4) Why did she buy it?

Because she wanted to give a Christmas gift to her big sister who had been taking care of her since mother died.


Textb p3 5 chinese

TextB_P3-5_Chinese

Chinese Version

“先生,”孩子说,“请把橱窗里那串蓝珠子项链拿给我看一下好吗?” 皮特撩开帘子,取出一串项链。他把宝石展现给她看时,蓝中透绿的宝石在他的掌中闪闪发光。“太完美了,”孩子说,“你能帮我包装得漂漂亮亮的吗?”

“你是为别人买的吧?”“是为我姐姐买的。她照顾我。您瞧,这是妈妈死后的第一个圣诞节,我一直在为姐姐找一件最好的圣诞礼物。”

“你有多少钱?” 皮特问。她一直在手忙脚乱地解着手绢上打的结,这时将一把分币倒在柜台上。“我把储蓄罐里的钱都倒出来了,”她简单地解释说。


Textb p3 5 lp drapery

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ drapery

Language Points

drapery //:n.[常用复数]curtains of heavy material 帷幕,厚帘

e.g.

draw the draperies

拉上帷幕


Textb p3 5 lp lift out

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ lift out

Language Points

lift out: take out by lifting 拿出来

e.g.

Mother lifted out a new dress from her bag.

母亲从她的包里拿出一条新裙子。


Textb p3 5 lp necklace

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ necklace

Language Points

necklace /'/:n. ornament of pearls, beads, etc. worn round the neck

项链

e.g.

The girl is wearing a bead necklace.

女孩戴了一条珠子项链。


Textb p3 5 lp greenish

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ greenish

Language Points

greenish //:a. somewhat green 浅绿色的

e.g.

These huge fruits have a greenish yellow skin.

这些巨型水果的果皮黄中透绿。


Textb p3 5 lp gleam

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ gleam

Language Points

gleam //:vi. shine softly 闪烁;发微光

e.g.

The moonlight gleamed on the river.

月光在河面上闪烁。


Textb p3 5 lp palm

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ palm

Language Points

palm //:n. inner surface of the hand between the wrist and the fingers

掌;手掌;掌心

e.g.

He put the stone on the palm of his hand.

他把宝石放在他的手掌心。


Textb p3 5 lp wrap up

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ wrap up

Language Points

wrap up: cover or enclose (sth.) in soft or flexible material 包好;包起来

e.g.

The shop assistant wrapped it up for her as quickly as possible.

店员以最快的速度为她把东西包好。


Textb p3 5 lp you see

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ you see

Language Points

you see: (way of trying to persuade a person to accept what one is saying)

你知道;听我说;要知道

e.g.

I was too shocked. You see, I never knew my wife had a child from a previous marriage.

我太吃惊了。要知道,我从不知道我妻子曾结婚生子。


Textb p3 5 lp untie

T

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ untie

Language Points

untie //:vt.[untying]free (a rope, etc.) from sth. to which it was

fixed by loosening and removing it 解开;打开

e.g.

She untied the package and saw a necklace.

Peter untied his shoelaces.

她解开包裹,看到一根项链。

彼得解开鞋带。


Textb p3 5 lp knot

T

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ knot

Language Points

knot /ɒ/:n. fastening made by tying a piece or pieces of string, rope, etc.

(绳索等的)结

e.g.

He tied a knot in a piece of string.

I can’t get the comb through all of these knots in your hair.

他在绳子上打了个结。

你的头发打了很多结,梳子梳不通。


Textb p3 5 lp handkerchief

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ handkerchief

Language Points

handkerchief //:n. [ 复数handkerchiefs 或handkerchieves ] (usu.

square) piece of cloth for blowing the nose into,

wiping the face, etc. 手帕;手绢

e.g.

I wiped his forehead with my handkerchief.

我用我的手帕擦了擦他的前额。


Textb p3 5 lp pour out

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ pour out

Language Points

pour out: cause to flow or come out in large numbers or quantities 倒出

e.g.

He poured out all his thoughts to me.

他把所有的想法都告诉了我。


Textb p3 5 lp penny

T

TextB_P3-5_LP_ penny

Language Points

penny //:n.[ 复数:pennies,指硬币的个数;或pence, 指面值](since

decimal coinage was introduced in 1971) British bronze coin

worth one hundredth of a pound; former British bronze coin

worth one twelfth of a shilling; [ US infml] cent

便士(英国辅币名, 1971年起采用,100便士=1英镑);便士(英国旧制辅币名,1971年前使用,12便士=1先令;240便士=1英镑);[美口]分(美国等国的辅币名,100分=1美元)

e.g.

I’ve only got a few pennies left.

我身上只剩下几个分币(或便士)了。


Textb p6 7 questions

TextB_P6-7_Questions

5) Did Pete tell her the real price? Why?

No, because she had only a handful of pennies and he didn’t want to disappoint her.


Textb p6 7 chinese

TextB_P6-7_Chinese

Chinese Version

皮特若有所思地望着小女孩,然后小心翼翼地把项链收回来。价格标签只有他看得到,小女孩却看不到。他怎么能告诉她呢?“稍等一下,”他一边说,一边向店堂后面走去。 “你叫什么名字?” 他回头问。“琼·格雷斯。”

当皮特回到小女孩等候着的地方时,他手里拿着一个小盒子,小盒子用红纸包着,系着一个绿色的蝴蝶结。“给你,”他说,“回家的路上别丢了。”


Textb p6 7 lp thoughtful

T

T

TextB_P6-7_LP_thoughtful

Language Points

thoughtful //:a. thinking deeply; absorbed in thought; showing thought for

the needs of others

沉思的;思考的;体贴的,关心别人的;考虑周到的

e.g.

It was really thoughtful of you to remember my birthday.

My mother sat and watched me eating my food with a thoughtful look on her face.

你真心细,还记得我的生日。

母亲坐着看我吃饭,脸上带着若有所思的表情。


Textb p6 7 lp draw back

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TextB_P6-7_LP_draw back

Language Points

draw back: pull back 抽回,收回

e.g.

On second thought, he drew back the money he was going to give her.

他又想了想,把要给她的钱又收了回来。


Textb p6 7 lp tag

T

TextB_P6-7_LP_tag

Language Points

tag //:n. label fastened to or stuck into sth. to identify it, show its price (价格)标签

e.g.

a price tag

价格标签


Textb p6 7 lp package

T

T

TextB_P6-7_LP_package

Language Points

package //:n. thing or things put into a box, wrapping paper, etc.;

parcel; box, etc. in which things are packed

包;包裹;小盒,小包

e.g.

There’s a package for you from the United States.

a package of cigarettes

这儿有你的包裹,从美国寄来的。

一包香烟


Textb p6 7 lp just a minute

T

TextB_P6-7_LP_Just a minute

Language Points

Just a minute.: Wait a moment, please.请稍等片刻。

e.g.

Just a minute, I’ll see if I can find it for you.

等一下,让我为你找找看。


Textb p6 7 lp bow

T

T

TextB_P6-7_LP_bow

Language Points

bow //:n. kind of big knot tied in a ribbon, string, etc. as a decoration

蝴蝶结

e.g.

The little girl tied the ribbon in a bow.

She had a red bow in her hair.

小女孩把饰带打成一个蝴蝶结。

她头上戴了个红色的蝴蝶结。


Textb p6 7 lp s when pete

T

TextB_P6-7_LP_S_When Pete ..

Language Points

When Pete returned to where Jean Grace waited, a package lay in his hand, wrapped in red paper and tied with a bow of green.

当皮特回到小女孩等候着的地方时,他手里拿着一个小盒子,小盒子用红纸包着,系着一个绿色的蝴蝶结。

In this sentence, the clause “where Jean Grace waited” functions as the object of the preposition “to.”

本句中,where Jean Grace waited 作介词 to 的宾语从句。

e.g.

I am surprised at what she has said.

我对她说的话感到很吃惊。

另外,本句中的过去分词短语wrapped in red paper and tied with a bow of green的逻辑主语是package。


Textb p8 9 questions

TextB_P8-9_Questions

6) Whom did the little girl remind Pete Richard of? Why?

She reminded him of a girl he had loved because they had the same wheat yellow hair and blue eyes.

7) What had happened to his girlfriend?

She had been killed in a traffic accident on a rainy night.


Textb p8 9 chinese

TextB_P8-9_Chinese

Chinese Version

她跑走出店门时,高兴地回头笑了笑。皮特透过窗户目送着她离去。琼·格雷斯身上的某种东西和她那串项链使他感到深深的痛苦,这种痛苦无法淡忘。小女孩一头浅黄色的秀发,眼睛如海水般湛蓝。就在不久之前皮特曾和一个女孩相恋。她的头发也是这样的浅黄色,眼睛也是如此的蓝。这条项链本来是要送给她的。

但是在一个雨夜——一辆卡车在湿滑的路面上一个打滑——一条生命就从他的梦中被夺去了。从那时起,皮特便孤零零地生活在极度的悲痛中。他一直试图忘记过去,但琼·格雷斯的蓝眼睛又使他想起了失去的爱人。这种痛苦使他无法与顾客分享节日购物的快乐。此后的十天,生意一直很红火。圣诞夜很晚的时候,最后一位顾客离开后,皮特舒了一口气。又一年过去了,但是对皮特来说,这一夜还没结束。


Textb p8 9 lp stir

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_stir

Language Points

stir //:vt.[stirred, stirred]move a spoon, etc. round and round in (a liquid

or some other substance) in order to mix it thoroughly; excite or

arouse (a person or his feelings, etc.) 搅动,搅拌;激励;激发

e.g.

Stir the soup before tasting it.

Looking at the photographs stirred his childhood memories.

在喝汤之前先搅一搅。

看着这些旧照片激起了他对童年时代的回忆。


Textb p8 9 lp grief

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T

TextB_P8-9_LP_grief

Language Points

grief //:n. deep or violent sorrow; event causing such feelings

忧伤;悲伤;伤心事

e.g.

She did not show her grief when her husband died.

His behavior was a source of grief to his mother.

她丈夫去世时她没有显露出悲伤。

他的行为是他母亲伤心的根源。


Textb p8 9 lp s something about

TextB_P8-9_LP_S_Something about

Language Points

Something about Jean Grace and her string of beads had stirred him to the depths of a grief that would not stay buried.

琼·格雷斯身上的某种东西和她那串项链使他感到深深的痛苦,这种痛苦无法淡忘。

In this sentence, “stay” serves as a link verb(联系动词), meaning “continue to be in a particular state without changing.” Its grammatical function is the same as “be.”

本句中,stay 作连系动词,表示没有变化地持续相当长的一段时间。其语法功能相当于be。


Textb p8 9 lp wheat

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_wheat

Language Points

wheat /(h) /:n. grain from which flour is made 小麦

e.g.

a field of wheat

麦田


Textb p8 9 lp once upon a time

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_once upon a time

Language Points

once upon a time:(way in which many children’s stories start) at a point in time

in the past 从前

e.g.

Once upon a time there was a poor old fisherman.

Perhaps objects like these had been fashionable once upon a time, but now they no longer were.

从前有一位贫穷的老渔夫。

这些东西也许曾经很流行,但此时已风光不再。


Textb p8 9 lp be in love with

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_be in love with

Language Points

be in love with: feel love for 热恋着

e.g.

Looking at the old photos brought back memories of the time when he was in love with a girl.

看着这些老照片使他想起了和一个女孩相恋的时光。


Textb p8 9 lp skid

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_skid

Language Points

skid //:vi.[skidded; skidding](of a car, etc.) move or slip sideways

(汽车等)滑向一侧,打滑

e.g.

The car skidded on a pool of oil and ran into the fence.

那辆小汽车在一滩油里打滑,撞在了围栏上。


Textb p8 9 lp slippery

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_slippery

Language Points

slippery //:a. (of a surface) difficult to hold, stand on or move on without

slipping because it is smooth, wet, etc. 光滑的;滑的

e.g.

Be careful — the floor is very slippery.

He lost control of his car on a slippery road.

小心点,地板很滑。

在光滑的路面上,他的车失控了。


Textb p8 9 lp crush

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_crush

Language Points

crush //:vt. press (sb./sth.) hard so that there is breakage or injury

压碎;压坏;压伤

e.g.

His leg was crushed in the accident.

他的腿在一次事故中被压断了。


Textb p8 9 lp s the life

TextB_P8-9_LP_S_… the life

Language Points

… the life was crushed out of his dream.

……一条生命就从他的梦中被夺去了。

句中的life指女孩的生命。


Textb p8 9 lp solitude

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_solitude

Language Points

solitude //:n. (state or quality of) being alone without companions

孤单;单独;孤零零

e.g.

She lived in solitude after her husband died.

I need solitude in order to paint my pictures.

丈夫死后她过着孤独的生活。

我需要独处,把画画完。


Textb p8 9 lp recoil

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_recoil

Language Points

recoil //:vi. draw oneself back in fear, disgust, etc. 退缩;畏缩

e.g.

She recoiled at the sight of the snake.

She recoiled from his touch.

她一看到那条蛇就往后缩。

他一碰她,她就往后缩。


Textb p8 9 lp shopper

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_shopper

Language Points

shopper //:n. person who is shopping 购物者,顾客

e.g.

The streets were crowded with holiday shoppers.

大街上挤满了节日购物者。


Textb p8 9 lp s the pain of

TextB_P8-9_LP_S_The pain of

Language Points

The pain of it made him recoil from the happiness of holiday shoppers.

这种痛苦使他无法与顾客分享节日购物的快乐。


Textb p8 9 lp trade

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_trade

Language Points

trade //:vt. exchange of goods or services for money or other goods; buying

and selling 贸易;交易,生意;买卖

e.g.

foreign trade

That store has a lot of trade.

对外贸易

那个商店生意很好。


Textb p8 9 lp brisk

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_brisk

Language Points

brisk //:a. active; moving quickly; vigorous

活泼的;(生意)兴隆的;轻快敏捷的;生气勃勃的

e.g.

After dinner they had a brisk walk in the park.

The market is brisk.

他们饭后在公园里轻快地散步。

市场很兴旺。


Textb p8 9 lp sigh

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_sigh

Language Points

sigh //:vi. take a long deep breath that can be heard, expressing sadness,

tiredness, relief, etc. 叹息,叹气

e.g.

“I wish I had finished this work,” she said with a sigh.

Frank stared out of the window and sighed deeply.

“我要是完成了这项工作就好了,”她叹息道。

弗兰克望着窗外,深深地叹了口气。


Textb p8 9 lp relief

T

T

TextB_P8-9_LP_relief

Language Points

relief //:n. lessening or removing of pain, distress, anxiety, etc.

(痛苦、苦恼、忧虑等的)减轻;解除

e.g.

I felt great relief when I heard I had passed the examination.

The doctor gave the patient relief from pain.

听说我已经通过了考试,我感到轻松多了。

医生使病人减轻痛苦。


Textb p10 16 questions1

TextB_P10-16_Questions1

8) Who visited the shop on Christmas Eve? Why did she pay the visit?

Jean Grace’s sister visited the shop because she wanted to return the string of blue beads to Pete.


Textb p10 16 chinese

TextB_P10-16_Chinese

Chinese Version

门开了,一个年轻女子匆匆走了进来。皮特突然意识到她很面熟,但却想不起来在何时何地见过她。姑娘一言不发,从手提包里取出一个小盒子,红色的包装纸已经松松地解开,还系着一根蝴蝶结形的绿色丝带。他的眼前马上又出现了那串闪闪发光的蓝珠项链。

“这是从您店里卖出去的吗?”姑娘问。

皮特抬头望着她,轻声回答:“是的。”

“这些宝石是真的吗?”

“是的。虽然不是最好的宝石,却是真的。”

“您还能记得卖给谁了吗?”

“是一个小女孩。她的名字叫琼。这是她买给姐姐的圣诞礼物。”


Textb p10 16 lp purse

T

TextB_P10-16_LP_ purse

Language Points

purse //:n. small bag for carrying money; [AmE] woman’s handbag

钱包[美]女用手提包

e.g.

The young lady opened her bag and took out her purse.

那位小姐打开包,取出了钱包。


Textb p10 16 lp loose

T

T

TextB_P10-16_LP_loose

Language Points

loose //:a. not tight; unbound 松的;松开的

e.g.

She wore a long, loose dress.

loose papers

她穿着一条宽松的长裙。

散页纸


Textb p10 16 lp s without

TextB_P10-16_LP_S_Without

Language Points

Without speaking, she drew from her purse a package loosely unwrapped in its red paper, a bow of green ribbon with it.

姑娘一言不发,从手提包里取出一个小盒子,红色的包装纸已经松松地解开,还系着一根蝴蝶结形的绿色丝带。

In this sentence, since the object is too long, to keep the balance of the sentence, the prepositional phrase “from her purse” is placed ahead of it.

本句中,由于宾语太长,为了保持句子的平衡,介词短语from her purse提前了。


Textb p10 16 lp presently

T

T

TextB_P10-16_LP_presently

Language Points

presently //:ad. soon 不久;立刻

e.g.

She will arrive presently.

The doctor will be here presently.

她一会儿就到。

医生马上就来。


Textb p10 16 lp s presently the

TextB_P10-16_LP_S_Presently the …

Language Points

Presently the string of blue beads lay gleaming again before him.

他的眼前马上出现了那串闪闪发光的蓝珠项链。

The present participle phrase “gleaming again before him” is used to tell the state or condition of the subject.

现在分词短语gleaming again before him说明主语的形状或状态。


Textb p17 24 chinese

TextB_P17-24_Chinese

Chinese Version

“这些宝石值多少钱?”

“价格一直是商家和顾客之间的秘密,”他很严肃地告诉她。

“但是琼最多只有几个分币的零花钱,她怎么买得起这些宝石呢?”

“她出的价比任何人都高,”他说。“她把她所有的钱都拿出来了。”

“可您为什么要这样做呢?”

他把礼物递给她。

“现在已经是圣诞节的早晨了,”他说。“很不幸,我没有可以送礼物的人。能否让我送你回家,并在你家门口道一声祝你圣诞快乐?”

就这样,伴随着此起彼伏的钟声,在欢乐的人流中,皮特·理查德和一个他尚不知道姓名的姑娘走进了新的一天,这伟大的一天给全世界所有的人都带来了希望。


Textb p17 24 questions

TextB_P17-24_Questions

9) Why did Pete say Jean Grace paid the highest price anyone could pay?

Because she gave all she had.

10) What did Pete request the girl to do at the end of the story? Why?

He requested the girl to let him see her home and wish her a Merry Christmas at her door because he felt lonely and because she reminded him of the girl he had loved and lost.


Textb p17 24 lp hold out

T

TextB_P17-24_LP_hold out

Language Points

hold out:put forward; reach out; offer 伸出;拿出

e.g.

He took a glass of beer from the tray the waiter held out.

他从服务员捧着的托盘中拿了一杯啤酒。


Textb p17 24 lp gift

T

T

T

TextB_P17-24_LP_gift

Language Points

gift //:n. thing given willingly without payment; present 礼物,赠品

e.g.

The watch was a gift from my father.

I took this coat as a gift. I wouldn’t have chosen this color myself.

Enjoy a free gift with any purchase of $20 or more.

这块表是父亲送给我的礼物。

这件衣服是我收到的礼物。我自己是不会挑选这种颜色的。

购物满20美元以上就能获得一份赠品。


Textb p17 24 lp misfortune

T

T

TextB_P17-24_LP_misfortune

Language Points

misfortune //:n. bad luck 不幸;厄运

e.g.

She had the misfortune to become seriously ill.

He failed in business not because of misfortune, but because of his own error.

她真倒霉,得了重病。

他生意上的失败不是因为运气不好,而是由于他自己的过错。


Textb p17 24 lp merry

T

T

T

TextB_P17-24_LP_merry

Language Points

merry //:a. happy and cheerful; full of joy and gaiety

欢乐的,愉快的,快乐的

e.g.

We had a merry evening together.

A Merry Christmas to you!

She wears a merry expression on her face.

我们一起度过了一个快乐的夜晚。

祝你圣诞快乐!

她脸上带着欢快的神情。


Textb p17 24 lp in the midst of

T

TextB_P17-24_LP_in the midst of

Language Points

midst //n. middle part 中部,中间

in the midst of: in the middle of 在…中间

e.g.

We stood in the midst of thousands of people.

我们站在几千人当中。


Textb exc1 13

TextB_Exc1_13

Exercises

Answer the following questions.

Who was Pete Richard?

What was the shop like?

What did Jean Grace choose in the shop?

Why did she buy it?

Did Pete tell her the real price? Why?

Whom did the little girl remind Pete Richard of? Why?

What had happened to his girlfriend?

Who visited the shop on Christmas Eve? Why did she pay the visit?

Why did Pete say Jean Grace paid the highest price anyone could pay?

What did Pete request the girl to do at the end of the story? Why?

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.


Textb exc2 14

TextB_Exc2_14

Fill in the following blanks with the words or expressions given below. Change the forms where necessary.

satisfy package earnest old-fashioned handkerchief

quality lonely reliefspread stir

1. Her large eyes had a(n) look, as if looking for something special.

2. This restaurant attracted more people after the of its service was

improved.

3. When he first arrived in the city, he felt very with no friends.

4. The parents sighed with when they heard that their only son survived

the traffic accident.

5. I don’t wear Grandma’s diamond ring now — it looks so .

earnest

_______

quality

_______

______

lonely

_____

relief

old-fashioned

____________


Textb exc2 14 2

TextB_Exc2_14_2

satisfy package earnest old-fashioned handkerchief

quality lonely reliefspread stir

  • 6. My father was very strict with me, so nothing I did would ever him.

  • 7. After he had a wash, he took out a(n) and dried his face.

  • Late into the night, the general a military map on the table to make

  • a careful study of it.

  • 9. A lecture given by the famous scientists the boy’s interest in science.

  • 10. At Christmas, a containing a gift was delivered to the old lady’s

  • home.

______

satisfy

___________

handkerchief

______

spread

stirred

______

________

package


Textb exc3 15

TextB_Exc3_15

Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the form where necessary.

lift out be in love with come down to pour out

once upon a time straighten up wrap up draw back

  • She screamed with joy when she saw him a necklace from a small jewelry box.

  • 2. If you’re lifting something heavy, be careful not to hurt your back when

  • you .

  • 3. How can you marry Jane when you another girl?

  • 4. In all those letters, Tom all his love to Amy.

________

lifting out

___________

straighten up

are in love with

_____________

__________

poured out


Textb exc3 15 2

TextB_Exc3_15_2

lift out be in love with come down to pour out

once upon a time straighten up wrap up draw back

5. The story which us from the Middle Ages is only a small

part of the original(原作).

6. The girl her hand quickly as she felt he was holding onto it too

attentively.

7. The present beautifully in red paper, tied with a bow of green ribbon.

8. people used to leave their front doors unlocked.

has come down to

_______________

_________

drew back

was wrapped up

____ __________

Once upon a time

_______________


Taxtc 1 e

CH

taxtC-1-E

Text C

A Story About Friendship

Author Unknown

1. One day, when I was a freshman in high school, I saw a kid from my class was walking home from school. His name was Kyle. It looked like he

was carrying all of his books. I thought to myself, “Why would anyone bring home all his books on a Friday? He must really be a nerd (书呆子).” I had quite a weekend planned (parties and a football game with my friends tomorrow afternoon), so I shrugged (耸了耸) my shoulders and went on.


Taxtc 1 c

taxtC-1-C

Text C

一个关于友谊的故事

佚名

1.那时我还是个高一的学生。一天,我看到班上一个男生正从学校往家里走。他名叫凯尔。看上去他似乎带着他所有的书。我心里想:“何必在周五把所有的书都带回家呢?肯定是个书呆子。”我早就把周末安排得满满的了(聚会及明天下午和朋友们的一场橄榄球赛),所以我只是耸了耸肩,继续赶路。


Taxtc 2 e

CH

taxtC-2-E

Text C

2. As I was walking, I saw a bunch of kids running toward him. They ran at him, knocking all his books out of his arms and tripping(绊倒) him so he landed in the dirt (泥地). His glasses went flying, and I saw them land in the grass about ten feet from him. He looked up and I saw the terrible sadness in his eyes. My heart went out to him. So, I jogged (慢跑) over to him and as he crawled (爬行) around looking for his glasses, I said, “Those guys (家伙) are jerks (傻瓜). They really should be punished (惩罚).” He looked at me and said, “Hey, thanks!” There was a big smile on his face. It was one of those smiles that showed real gratitude (感激).


Taxtc 2 c

taxtC-2-C

Text C

2.走着走着,我看到一群孩子向他跑去,他们向他冲去,撞落了他怀里所有的书,又绊了他一脚,使他跌倒在泥地里。他的眼镜也飞了出去,我看到它落在离他大约十英尺以外的草丛里。他抬起头来时,我看到了他眼中的极度悲伤。我很同情他,因而我向他跑过去。他正在地上爬着四处寻找眼镜,我对他说:“那帮家伙是笨蛋,他们真应该受到惩罚。”他望着我说:“嗨,谢谢!”脸上露出了明显的微笑,那种表示真诚感激的微笑。


Taxtc 3 e

CH

taxtC-3-E

Text C

3. I helped him pick up his books, and asked him where he lived. As it turned out, he lived near me, so I asked him why I had never seen him before. He said he had gone to private school before now. I would have never hung out with a private (私立的) school kid before. We talked all the way home, and I carried some of his books. He turned out to be a pretty cool kid. I asked him if he wanted to play a little football with my friends. He said yes. We hung out(泡在一起) all weekend and the more I got to know Kyle, the more I liked him, and my friends thought the same of him.


Taxtc 3 c

taxtC-3-C

Text C

3.我一边帮他捡书,一边问他住在哪里。原来他住得离我很近,所以我便问为什么以前没有见过他。他告诉我以前他在私立学校读书。以前我从来不与上私立学校的孩子交往。一路上,我们边走边聊,我还帮他拿了一些书。我发现他是个相当酷的男孩。我问他是否愿意跟我的朋友们一起踢会儿橄榄球,他说愿意。整个周末我们都在一起玩。我越是了解凯尔,就越是喜欢他。我的朋友们也有同感。


Taxtc 4 e

CH

taxtC-4-E

Text C

4. Monday morning came, and there was Kyle with the huge stack of books again. I stopped him and said, “Boy, you are really gonna (=going to) build some serious muscles with this pile (堆) of books every day!” He just laughed and handed me half the books. Over the next four years, Kyle and I became best friends. When we were seniors, we began to think about college. Kyle decided on Georgetown (乔治敦大学), and I was going to Duke (杜克大学). I knew that we would always be friends, that the miles would never be a problem. He was going to be a doctor, and I was going for business on a football scholarship (奖学金).


Taxtc 4 c

taxtC-4-C

Text C

4.周一的早晨,凯尔又带着那一大堆书出门了。我拦住他说:“伙计,你每天带着这堆书,一定能实实在在地练好一些肌肉。”他只是笑了笑,把一半书递了给我。在以后的四年中,我和凯尔成了最好的朋友。进入四年级后,我们开始考虑上大学的事了。凯尔决定去乔治敦大学,而我想去杜克大学。我知道漫长的距离永远不会成为问题,我们永远会是好朋友。凯尔打算以后做医生,而我则靠橄榄球特长所获得的奖学金专攻商科。


Taxtc 5 e

CH

taxtC-5-E

Text C

5. Kyle was valedictorian (毕业典礼上致告别辞的学生代表) of our class. I teased him all the time about being a nerd. He had to prepare a speech for graduation. I was so glad it wasn’t me having to get up there and speak. Graduation day, I saw Kyle. He looked great. He was one of those guys that really found themselves (发现自己的特长) during high school. He had filled out (长胖)and actually looked good in glasses. He had more dates than I had and all the girls loved him. Boy, sometimes I was jealous (妒忌的). Today was one of those days. I could see that he was nervous about his speech. So, I smacked (拍打) him on the back and said, “Hey, big guy, you’ll be great!” He looked at me with one of those looks (the really grateful one) and smiled. “Thanks,” he said.


Taxtc 5 c

taxtC-5-C

Text C

5. 凯尔将代表全班在毕业典礼上致告别辞。我一直讥笑他是个书呆子。他必须为毕业典礼准备一份讲稿,我则庆幸在那儿站起来致辞的不是我。毕业典礼那天,我看到了凯尔,他看上去很帅。他是在高中阶段发现了自己特长的那些人之一。他长得壮实了,带着眼镜,显得很神气。他的约会比我多,所有的女孩都喜欢他。好家伙,有时候我还真挺妒忌,今天就是这样。我看得出他对演讲感到紧张。所以,我便拍拍他的后背说:“嗨,伙计,你一定能行!”他用以往的那种眼神(那种真诚感激的眼神)望着我,微笑着说:“谢谢!”


Taxtc 6 e

CH

taxtC-6-E

Text C

6. As he started his speech, he cleared his throat (嗓子), and began. “Graduation is a time to thank those who helped you make it through those tough years. Our parents, our teachers, our siblings (兄弟姐妹), maybe a coach (指导员,教练) but mostly our friends. I am here to tell all of you that being a friend to someone is the best gift you can give them. I am going to tell you a story.” I just looked at my friend with disbelief (不相信) as he told the story of the first day we met. He had planned to kill himself over the weekend. He talked of how he had cleaned out his locker (有锁的橱柜) so his Mom wouldn’t have to do it later and was carrying his stuff (东西) home. He looked hard at me and gave me a little smile. “Thankfully (谢天谢地), I was saved. My friend saved me from doing the unspeakable (说不出口的傻事).”


Taxtc 6 c

taxtC-6-C

Text C

6. 他清了清嗓子,开始致辞:“毕业之际是向那些曾帮助你度过艰难岁月的人们表示感谢的时候,包括我们的父母、我们的老师、我们的兄弟姐妹,也许还有教练,但是最应感谢的是我们的朋友。在此,我想告诉大家,做某人的朋友是你所能给予他的最好礼物。下面我要给你们讲个故事。”我望着我的朋友,简直不敢相信,因为他说起了我们初次相遇的那天所发生的事。他本已打算在那个周末自杀。他讲到如何清理干净自己的柜子,免得母亲以后再去清理;如何把所有的东西带回家。他使劲看我,并对我微微一笑。“谢天谢地,我得救了。我的朋友救了我,使我没做那说不出的傻事。”


Taxtc 7 e

CH

taxtC-7-E

Text C

7. I heard the gasp go through the crowd as this handsome (英俊的), popular boy told us all about his weakest moment. I saw his Mom and Dad looking at me and smiling that same grateful smile. Not until that moment did I realize its depth. Never underestimate (低估) the power of your actions. With one small gesture (表示) you can change a person’s life. For better or for worse (不管是好是坏), God puts us all in each other’s lives to impact (影响) one another in some way. Look for God in others. As you can see, “Friends are angels (天使) who lift us to our feet when our wings (翅膀) have trouble remembering how to fly.”


Taxtc 7 c

taxtC-7-C

Text C

7. 当这个相貌英俊、招人喜欢的男孩把他最脆弱的时刻全讲给我们听的时候,我听见人群中发出惊愕的声音。我看见他的父母望着我,脸上同样挂着感激的微笑。直到那一刻我才意识到它的深意。永远不要低估自己的行为所能产生的力量,你的一个小小的动作也就能改变一个人的一生。不管是好是坏,上帝将我们都投入彼此的生活之中,让我们以某种方式互相影响。在别人的身上寻找上帝吧。正如你能看见的,“朋友是天使,当我们的翅膀不记得如何飞翔时,他们将把我们托起。”


Taxtc commprehension cloose 1

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-1

Comprehension of the Text

Choose the best answer for each of the following multiple choice questions.

1.

Why did the writer think Kyle a nerd?

A) Because he was wearing glasses.

B) Because he was carrying all of his books home on a Friday.

C) Because he didn’t go to parties or football games on the weekend.

D) Because he was tripped by a bunch of kids.


Taxtc commprehension cloose 2

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-2

2.

The word “them” in the sentence “I saw them land in the grass about ten feet from him” (Para.2) most probably means ____________.

A) the books

B) the kids

C) the glasses

D) none of the above


Taxtc commprehension cloose 3

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-3

3.

Which of the following is NOT true about Kyle?

A) He was a freshman of a private school.

B) He lived near the writer.

C) He was liked by the writer’s friends.

D) He played football with the writer.


Taxtc commprehension cloose 4

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-4

4.

It can be learned from the text that the writer was going to _____________.

A) learn business at Georgetown

B) attend Duke on a scholarship

C) be a football player at Georgetown

D) learn medicine at Duke


Taxtc commprehension cloose 5

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-5

5.

The writer was sometimes jealous of Kyle because _____________.

A) Kyle read more books

B) Kyle did better in his studies

C) Kyle was better at making a speech

D) Kyle had more dates with girls


Taxtc commprehension cloose 6

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-6

6.

The sentence “He was one of those guys that really found themselves” (Para. 5) most probably means ____________.

A) he found what he had lost

B) he had a better idea of himself

C) he became a nerd

D) he discovered his abilities


Taxtc commprehension cloose 7

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-7

7.

In his graduation speech Kyle explained that he took all his books home on the day he first met the writer because ____________.

A) he was tired of studying

B) he was building his muscles

C) he wanted to kill himself

D) he wanted to read them over the weekend


Taxtc commprehension cloose 8

KEY

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-8

8.

It can be learned from the last sentence that ____________.

A) friends can help us out of trouble

B) friends can teach us how to fly

C) friends can fly with us

D) friends can give us hope at our weakest moment


Taxtc basic 1

taxtC-Basic-1

Basic Reading Skills

Understanding Paragraph Development (2)

有时候,作者在段落中会讲述一个故事或一件事情,告诉读者发生了什么。作者往往会按故事发生的时间顺序来叙述,并把自己觉得重要的细节告诉读者。比如本单元课文C中的第2段:

As I was walking, I saw a bunch of kids running toward him. They ran at him, knocking all his books out of his arms and tripping him so he landed in the dirt. His glasses went flying, and I saw them land in the grass about ten feet from him. He looked up and I saw the terrible sadness in his eyes. My heart went out to him. So, I jogged over to him and as he crawled around looking for his glasses, I said, “Those guys are jerks. They really should be punished.” He looked at me and said, “Hey, thanks!” There was a big smile on his face. It was one of those smiles that showed real gratitude.

一开始,作者写道:As I was walking, I saw a bunch of kids running toward him.接着作者叙述自己当时看到的情景:


Taxtc basic 2

taxtC-Basic-2

再比如在本单元课文B的第10段中,一开始作者写道:The door opened and a young woman hurried in,接下来,作者叙述了这位年轻女子进来以后所发生的一切:

The door opened and a young woman hurried in. Suddenly, he realized that she looked familiar, yet he could not remember when or where he had seen her before. Without speaking, she drew from her purse a package loosely unwrapped in its red paper, a bow of green ribbon with it. Presently the string of blue beads lay gleaming again before him.

在阅读叙述段落时,我们不妨问自己一下“发生了什么事情”,“作者是否按时间顺序来叙述”,“作者想告诉我们什么”。


Taxtc 17 1

taxtC-17.1

Read the following two paragraphs and answer the questions that follow each paragraph. The two paragraphs give two different accounts of the same experience.

1.This morning I could have killed my husband. While I was running around with the kids, trying to get them fed and off to school, he sat there reading the newspaper. When I finally sat down, he just kept on reading that newspaper, even though I needed to talk with him. After several attempts to get through to him, I finally barked out (大声凶狠地说), “Daryl! I have a few things I need to say!” He looked up, smiled, got another cup of coffee, and said, “What?” But as I began talking, he resumed reading the paper. Does he live in another world?


Taxtc 17 2

taxtC-17.2

Questions:

1) What was the writer doing one morning?

_____________________________________________

She was busy getting their children fed and off to school.

2) What was the writer’s husband doing?

____________________________________________

He was reading the newspaper.

3) What does the writer want to tell us?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

She was having a very busy morning but her husband didn’t lend her a hand. And when she wanted to talk to him, he just kept on reading the newspaper.


Taxtc 17 3

taxtC-17.3

2.This morning my family enjoyed some “quality time” together. The children were all in the kitchen eating and talking with each other. After they left for school, my wife and I were able to sit and share some quiet time at the table. We chatted about various things while drinking coffee and looking at the newspaper. It really started the day out right.


Taxtc 17 4

taxtC-17.4

Questions:

1) What were the writer’s children doing one morning?

They were in the kitchen eating and talking with each other.

________________________________________________

2) What did the writer and his wife do after the children left for school?

They sat and shared some quiet time at the table.

________________________________________________

3) What does the writer want to tell us?

His family enjoyed some “quality time” together one morning.

_________________________________________________


Time for fun

Time for Fun

Time for Fun

Sunshine on My ShouldersbyJohn Denver 

Sunshine on my shoulders makes me happy

Sunshine in my eyes can make me cry

Sunshine on the water looks so lovely

Sunshine almost always makes me high

If I had a day that I could give you

I’d give to you a day just like today

If I had a song that I could sing for you

I’d sing a song to make you feel this way

If I had a tale that I could tell you

I’d tell a tale sure to make you smile

If I had a wish that I could wish for you

I’d make a wish for sunshine all the while


Unit5

Sunshine almost all the time makes me high

Sunshine almost always…


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