English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 60

English 10 Grammar & Writing #22 Mr. Rinka PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 118 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

English 10 Grammar & Writing #22 Mr. Rinka. Cause and Effect Essay TOEFL Vocabulary List #17. Cause and Effect Essay. A cause and effect essay is your e xplanation of what caused a result (effect), what the effects are from a cause, or a causal reaction, (domino

Download Presentation

English 10 Grammar & Writing #22 Mr. Rinka

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

English 10 Grammar & Writing #22Mr. Rinka

Cause and Effect Essay

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17


Cause and effect essay

Cause and Effect Essay

A cause and effect essay is your

explanation of what caused a result

(effect), what the effects are from a

cause, or a causal reaction, (domino

effect) in which one cause led to an

effect that became another cause and

continued until a final result occurred.


Cause and effect essay1

Cause and Effect Essay

You will write a 5 paragraph cause and

effect essay using one of the three

formats we will study.


Cause and effect essay2

Cause and Effect Essay

Example: Cause Multiple Effects

A college degree has a positive

influence on one’s life. Three of the most

significant effects of obtaining a college

degree are increased salary, chances

for advancement and a fuller life.


Cause and effect essay3

Cause and Effect Essay

Example: Multiple Causes Effect

Getting good grades is the result of

engagement in class, nightly studying,

and strong test preparation.


Cause and effect essay4

Cause and Effect Essay

Example:

Causal Chain/Domino Effect EFFECT

Ironically, cleaning up air pollution will

accelerate global climate change.


The 5 paragraph essay

The 5 Paragraph Essay

Although an essay can vary in length

and structure, the 5 Paragraph Essay

is a classic format.


The 5 paragraph essay1

The 5 Paragraph Essay

Introductory Paragraph

1st Body Paragraph

2nd Body Paragraph

3rd Body Paragraph

Concluding Paragraph


Introductory paragraph

Introductory Paragraph

Starts with a Hookthat grabs the reader’s attention.

Includes some General Backgroundinformation.

Presents the Thesis Statement.


Body paragraphs

Body Paragraphs

Paragraphs 2, 3, and 4 are the Body of your essay.

Each Body Paragraph follow the form we have studied.

Topic Sentence

Supporting Detail

Concluding Sentence


Concluding paragraph

Concluding Paragraph

Restates your Thesis Statement.

Summarize your 3 main points.

A final definitive statement that

concludes your points.


The writing process

The Writing Process

Step #1 = Prewrite

Step #2 = Rough Draft

Step #3 = Reread & Share

Step #4 = Revise

Step #5 = Edit

Step #6 = Final Draft


Step 1 prewrite

Step #1 = Prewrite

Brainstorm for ideas & then:

List

Outline

Map

Graphic Organizer


Step 2 rough draft

Step #2 = Rough Draft

Keep your prewrite in mind.

Write your ideas down on paper in

sentence and paragraph format.

Do not worry about spelling or grammar.

Better more than less.


Step 3 reread share

Step #3 = Reread & Share

Read over your rough draft out loud and

eliminate, add or rearrange ideas and

details. (mark up your paper)

Have another person read to you your

piece and make suggestions. (if you

accept, make changes)


Step 3 reread share1

Step #3 = Reread & Share

Make sure you have:

a topic sentence.

strong supporting details.

a closing sentence.

not strayed from main idea.


Step 4 revise

Step #4 = Revise

Take all the changes you have

decided to make and rewrite your

paper.

Concentrate on the presentationof

your ideas, the organization of

ideas, and your choice of words.


Step 5 edit

Step #5 = Edit

By yourself or with another person,

carefully go over your revised paper.

Carefully check for:

Sentence Variety.

Grammar Mechanics.

Correct spelling.

Correct punctuation.

Presentation of ideas.


Step 6 final draft

Step #6 = Final Draft

Using your edited revised draft create your final paper.

Now Publish your paper.


Cause and effect essay5

Cause and Effect Essay

You will write a 5 paragraph cause and

effect essay using one of the three

formats we will study.


Writing rubric

Writing Rubric

Does the student:

use the 5 paragraph essay format? (15 pts.)

use a proper cause/effect format? (15 pts.)

follow a Thesis Statement? (20 pts.)

punctuate correctly? (10 pts.)

create a variety of sentences? (15 pts.)

use proper grammar mechanics? (10 pts.)

spell correctly? (15 pts.)


Cause and effect essay6

Cause and Effect Essay

http://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Cause and EffectEssayhttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

The aim is to explain the causes or the

effects of an event or situation.

Causes of air pollution

(multiple factors leading to air pollution).

Effects of watching too much TV

(many effects of a situation).


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Cause and Effect Essayhttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Sometimes an event causes something

to happen, and that situation leads to

another event, and it causes another

event to happen. This is called the

causal chain or domino effect.

Use of deodorants will bring the end of the world.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Cause and Effect Essayhttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

There may be several causes or effects

of a situation. However, in a student

essay, it is advisable to keep the number

of major points to 2 or 3, which form

separate developmental paragraphs.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Cause and Effect Essayhttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Multiple Causes Effect

Thesis statement:

Air pollution is caused by the following

factors: exhaust gases from cars,

uncontrolled factory releases, and

burning of low-quality coal for heating.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Multiple Causes Effecthttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Exhaust gases from cars

A. not enough government control

B. irresponsible citizens

Uncontrolled factory gases

A. poorly regulated gas releases

B. factories within residential areas

Burning of low-quality coal for heating

A. no governmental control

B. alternative energy too expensive


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Multiple Causes Effecthttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Each body paragraph covers one of the

causes of air pollution. Each cause is

supported by two detail supports.

The writer needs to explain, illustrate,

describe or exemplify each detail

support.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Cause and Effect Essayhttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Cause Multiple Effects

Thesis statement:

Watching too much TV is one of the

major problems today, because of the

many effects TV has on the physiology,

psychology and productivity of people.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Causes Multiple Effectshttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Eating disorders

A. TV meals

B. obesity

Communication problems

A. more violence

B. no interpersonal talk

Productivity

A. loss of productive time

B. lack of mental stimulation


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Causes Multiple Effectshttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Related effects are grouped into three

Body paragraphs: physiological effects,

psychological effects and productive effects.

The writer needs to explain, illustrate,

describe or exemplify each detail

support.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Cause and Effect Essayhttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Causal Chain/Domino Effect EFFECT

Thesis statement:

Using deodorants with chlorofluorocarbon

gas will bring the end of world.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Causal Chain/Domino Effect EFFECThttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Chlorofluorocarbon gases are contained

in most deodorants and released by

some factories into the air.

This gas causes the ozone layer to

become thinner and finally disappear in

patches.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Causal Chain/Domino Effect EFFECThttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

Unfiltered ultraviolet rays of the sun

cause overheating in the poles of the

earth where the icebergs start to melt.

The huge amount of water released from

the poles leads to a rise in the sea-level.

The sea will cover the land and this will be the end of the world.


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

Causal Chain/Domino Effect EFFECThttp://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/Cause%20and%20effect%20Essay.htm

This essay could be longer with a body

paragraph covering each link in the

causal chain, or the causes could be

coupled in two of the body paragraphs.

Explanations and/or examples will be

needed to support each point.


Why would anyone smoke cause multiple effects

Why Would Anyone Smoke?Cause Multiple Effects

With just five cigarettes, a teen can become

addicted for a lifetime to nicotine and the most

popular drug delivery system of all, cigarettes.

Most people begin smoking in their teens

before they are mature enough to understand

the lifelong ramifications of experimenting with

this powerful drug, nicotine. Before they know

it, these teens are addicted to nicotine and


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

cigarette smoking. As a result the cigarette

manufacturers have a life-long buyer . Most

everyone knows that cigarette smoking is

unhealthy, but few comprehend the incredible

toll it takes on a person’s budget, social life

and, most importantly, physical well-being.

Cigarette smoking is very expensive. On

average a pack of cigarettes costs around four

dollars. A person smoking a pack a day

spends $28 a week, $120 a month and $1,460 a

year on cigarettes. Assuming that a person

begins smoking at the age of 16 and lives


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

to be 65, then over a lifetime, a smoker spends

$71,540 on cigarettes. As if the expense of

cigarettes is not enough to discourage one from

starting, medical costs for a smoker are

significantly higher than for the average

individual and can add up to over a $100,000 in

a lifetime. In addition, smokers pay more for

health insurance and life insurance and no

doubt even have to spend more money on

cleaning clothing, furnishings and car interiors

because of their habit. I would not be shocked

if cigarette smoking cost a person $200,000 or


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

more in a lifetime. This alone should motivate

people not to get started.

Cost aside, cigarette smoking impairs a

person’s lifestyle. The longer one smokes, the

less active one becomes. Reduced breathing

capacity due to smoking inhibits a person from

enjoying many physical activities. Smokers

have to avoid so many places such as public

buildings, restaurants and sports venues where

smoking is prohibited. Also, many people do

not enjoy being around smokers, and often

times people who smoke end up only with


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

friends who smoke are smokers. Many young

people will not even consider dating a smoker,

not to mention marrying one. Smoking really

puts limits on a person’s lifestyle.

If the negative impact of smoking on a

person’s pocketbook and social life are not

enough to deter one from this ugly habit, the

physical consequences surely should. The

scientific evidence is indisputable when it

comes to smoking. Smoking cigarettes not only

shortens one’s life expectancy significantly, but

the diseases attributable to smoking, such as


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

lung cancer and emphysema, are so bad that

the last years of a smoker’s shortened life are

lived in misery and pain. Anyone who wants to

experience what it is like to function when

breathing is impaired should try doing any

activity while breathing through a straw. This is

how smokers feel after years of smoking.

Smokers are also more susceptible to illness

due to decreased lung functioning, lack of

exercise, and increased stress and anxiety

which are side effects of the stimulant nicotine.

Illness affects all aspects of one’s life. Since


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

nicotine is a physically addictive drug, quitting

is a very difficult and uncomfortable process

that demands an incredible effort on the part of

the quitter, and many smokers fail often in their

attempts to quit. Cigarette smoking leads to an

incredible domino effect of deteriorating health,

serious illness and an early death.

Knowing the cost, the negative effects of

one’s lifestyle and the awful toll cigarette

smoking takes on one’s health, why would one

even experiment with this habit? The answer is

complicated. Family and peer influences play


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka

major roles of influence on a teen. In addition,

advertisements and adolescent curiosity tempt

youngsters into experimenting with smoking. If

one gets to the age of 21 without smoking a

cigarette, the odds are great that he or she will

never start. Hopefully, more and more young

adults will avoid this dangerous habit and

experience a smoke free lifetime of health,

wealth and happiness.


Cause and effect essay7

Cause and Effect Essay

You will write a 5 paragraph cause and

effect essay using one of the three

formats we will study.


Writing rubric1

Writing Rubric

Does the student:

use the 5 paragraph essay format? (15 pts.)

use a proper cause/effect format? (15 pts.)

follow a Thesis Statement? (20 pts.)

punctuate correctly? (10 pts.)

create a variety of sentences? (15 pts.)

use proper grammar mechanics? (10 pts.)

spell correctly? (15 pts.)


Toefl vocabulary list 17

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17

The following is a list of vocabulary words that often appear on the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) test.

http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

fantasy(noun): a creation of the imagination that cannot be real, a daydream

fantas (show) + y (noun. condition)

When Miguel was a child he had a fantasy about being a super hero.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm1

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

philosopher(noun): a person who seeks (loves) wisdom

philo (love) + soph (wise)+ er(person who does something)

Plato wrote about the Greek philosopher Socrates.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm2

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

phonetic(adjective) relating to speech sounds

phonet (sound) + ic(adj. relating to)

The phonetic alphabet is useful when studying languages or linguistics.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm3

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

depict(verb): to portray, to represent

de (to take away from) + pict(show)

In the movie the character was depicted as evil.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm4

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

import(verb): to bring in from a foreign country

im (into) + port(carry)

Fyodor imports caviar and other products from Russia.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm5

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

portage(noun) the labor of carrying boats across land

port (carry) + age (noun. activity)

Bill said that he had a five mile portage on his last canoe trip.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm6

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

reply(verb, noun): to respond, to answer; a response

re (back) + ply(fold)

Did Marco reply to Emily's invitation?

Emily received a negative reply from Marco.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm7

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

implicate(verb): to involve, to incriminate

im (into) + plic (fold) + ate (verb. cause)

The thief was implicated in three burglaries.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm8

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

ply(noun): a layer

ply(fold)

Two ply tissue paper is stronger than one ply.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm9

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

position(noun): a place occupied by something

posit (place) + ion (noun. condition)

What position does Ian hold at his mother's company?


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm10

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

postpone(verb): to put off to a later time

post (after) + pone(put)

The baseball game was postponed because of the storm.


Toefl vocabulary list 17 http www southampton liunet edu academic pau course webword htm11

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

posture(noun) the position of a body

post (place) + ure(condition)

Denise has terrific posture -- her back is straight and strong.


Flashcard machine

Flashcard Machine

http://www.flashcardmachine.com/machine/?read_only=1264234&p=2e4e


English 10 grammar writing 22 mr rinka1

English 10 Grammar & Writing #22Mr. Rinka

Cause and Effect Essay

TOEFL Vocabulary List #17


  • Login