Aim : How will Johnson’s differences with Congress seal his fate later down the road?.
Aim: How will Johnson’s differences with Congress seal his fate later down the road?
After the assassination of Lincoln, Johnson will become the President of the USA. He is left with one of the toughest jobs any President has had to deal with up until this point in our nation’s history…RECONSTRUCTION.
We just saw how difficult it is to reach every group in society…can Johnson get the job done?
He is a democrat and
Former slave owner!!!
Whose plan did Johnson support and how will this also have an impact on his
relationship with Congress?
B. Southern Responses to Andrew Johnson
1. Black Codes
What are Black Codes and why were
they passed in the South?
Black Codes was a name given to laws passed by southern governments. These laws imposed severe restrictions on freed slaves such as prohibiting their right to vote, forbidding them to sit on juries, limiting their right to testify against white men, carrying weapons in public places and working in certain occupations.
LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT SOME LAWS!
2. Former Confederates are pardoned by Johnson and are elected back into office.
By the fall of 1867 he had granted about 13,500 individual pardons.
C. Congress sets up the Committee of Reconstruction
Afraid that the Democrats are gaining too much representation, Republicans
want to keep the majority.
The Joint Committee on Reconstruction led by Radical Republicans it was created to "inquire into the condition of the States which formed the so-called Confederate States of America, and report whether they, or any of them, are entitled to be represented in either house of Congress."
D. Freedmen’s Bureau--Reading
1. Methods: handed out free meals to black and white refugees, built hospitals, helped freedmen find jobs, and tried to protect against black codes, build schools.
2. JOHNSON VETO’S Bill because it gave Bureau too much power
How will this veto affect Johnson’s relationship with Congress?
(6) On 27th March, 1866, Andrew Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Bill that had been passed by Congress. The bill in effect proposes a discrimination against large numbers of intelligent, worthy, and patriotic foreigners, and in favor of the Negro, to whom, after long years of bondage, the avenues to freedom and intelligence have just now been suddenly opened. He must, of necessity, from his previous unfortunate condition of servitude, be less informed as to the nature and character of our institutions than he who, coming from abroad, has to some extent at least, familiarized himself with the principles of a government to which he voluntarily entrusts "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
Republican members of Congress that have tried to work with Johnson have
now become frustrated. They join with the Radical Republicans and
4. Passed the Civil Rights Act and Freedmen’s Bureau bill and overrode Johnson’s Vetoes.
Many states ratified the 14th amendment but others did not. Johnson tried to even form a new party of Democrats to oppose the Republicans. He traveled the country to try to bring people to his side. How does this further put a rift between himself and Congress?