Lg 524 week 4
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LG 524 WEEK 4. QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS. WHY QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING?. Qualitative interviewing needs: Intense listening skills. Respect Curiosity Systematic effort to understand Choosing subjects: *Familiar with area under research *Willing to Talk * Range. Interview Techniques.

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LG 524 WEEK 4

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Lg 524 week 4

LG 524 WEEK 4

QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS


Why qualitative interviewing

WHY QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING?

Qualitative interviewing needs:

Intense listening skills.

Respect

Curiosity

Systematic effort to understand

Choosing subjects:

*Familiar with area under research

*Willing to Talk

* Range


Interview techniques

Interview Techniques

Sustained listening

PAY ATTENTION!!!

Listen, Respond, Monitor

DON’T

Close Off

Interpret

Judge

Be rigid

Interrupt………..


Types of questions

Types of Questions

Opening: the Grand Tour approach. From springboard to detail.

Checking and reflecting; did I understand? Developing the point.

Following up an interesting point.

Probing, inviting, wh questions… building up a satisfactory picture

Structuring


Interview evaluation

Interview Evaluation

Balance

Detail

Staccato!..to.to.to….

Topics

Range

Follow up

Directive?

Change?


Setting up

Setting Up…….

Order of Interviewees

Setting

Length

Arrangements

Room, equipment

Points

Questions

Closing and Follow-Up


The interview

The Interview

Opening the Interview: Rapport and Purpose

Who? Careful selection of interviewees

When? Time and Circumstances

Where? Privacy and Comfort

Duration…How long is long?

Conditions: Recording and Notes


Depth and detail

Depth and Detail

Complexity and Richness of Data

Detailed Questions

Sympathy/Empathy

Follow Up.

Going Backwards

Hearing Data

Interviewers are Human, too

Objective<>Subjective?


Interviewing children

Interviewing Children

Distraction

Authority

Relevance

Teachers……..

Respond!

The point

Language Level

Encourage and Support

Tedium and Discomfort


The telephone and e mail

The Telephone and e-mail

Follow up and Range

Notes and Technical Problems

Cost

Respondents

Sensitive Data

Ending the Interview

Tele-Phobia

Lying……


Write up

Write-Up

Immediate Impressions and Ideas

Additional data to the recording

Do it now!

Innuendo and Nuances


Group interviewing

GROUP INTERVIEWING

 Developing Discussions

Groups Working Together

Enhancement and Challenge

Timesaving

***************************************************

 Authority Figure

Last Summer, etc…..

The Boss

Domination


Focus groups

FOCUS GROUPS

Group Interaction

Generating Data and Feedback

How Many?

Size

Attendance

Sampling

Chairing


Interview references

INTERVIEW REFERENCES

Puchta, C. 2004. Focus Group Practice. Sage. London.

Kvale, S. 1996. Interviews. An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing.Sage.

Rubin, J. & Rubin, S. 2005. Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. Sage.

Morgan, D. 1997. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. Sage.

Holstein, J.A. & Gubrium, J.F. 1995. The Active Interview.Sage.

Denzin, N. & Lincoln, Y. 2005. Handbook of Qualitative Research. Chap 24. p. 645. Sage.

Some useful ideas about qualitative research may be found in Sociological Research Online

< www.socresonline.org.uk> It is a sociology journal, but does have some good ideas that can be transferred to ELT/AL research. Transferring models from one discipline to another is perfectly healthy and can lead to new insights.


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