LG 524 WEEK 4. QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS. WHY QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING?. Qualitative interviewing needs: Intense listening skills. Respect Curiosity Systematic effort to understand Choosing subjects: *Familiar with area under research *Willing to Talk * Range. Interview Techniques.
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Qualitative interviewing needs:
Intense listening skills.
Systematic effort to understand
*Familiar with area under research
*Willing to Talk
Listen, Respond, Monitor
Opening: the Grand Tour approach. From springboard to detail.
Checking and reflecting; did I understand? Developing the point.
Following up an interesting point.
Probing, inviting, wh questions… building up a satisfactory picture
Order of Interviewees
Closing and Follow-Up
Opening the Interview: Rapport and Purpose
Who? Careful selection of interviewees
When? Time and Circumstances
Where? Privacy and Comfort
Duration…How long is long?
Conditions: Recording and Notes
Complexity and Richness of Data
Interviewers are Human, too
Encourage and Support
Tedium and Discomfort
Follow up and Range
Notes and Technical Problems
Ending the Interview
Immediate Impressions and Ideas
Additional data to the recording
Do it now!
Innuendo and Nuances
Groups Working Together
Enhancement and Challenge
Last Summer, etc…..
Generating Data and Feedback
Puchta, C. 2004. Focus Group Practice. Sage. London.
Kvale, S. 1996. Interviews. An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing.Sage.
Rubin, J. & Rubin, S. 2005. Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. Sage.
Morgan, D. 1997. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. Sage.
Holstein, J.A. & Gubrium, J.F. 1995. The Active Interview.Sage.
Denzin, N. & Lincoln, Y. 2005. Handbook of Qualitative Research. Chap 24. p. 645. Sage.
Some useful ideas about qualitative research may be found in Sociological Research Online
< www.socresonline.org.uk> It is a sociology journal, but does have some good ideas that can be transferred to ELT/AL research. Transferring models from one discipline to another is perfectly healthy and can lead to new insights.