Early explorers
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Early Explorers. First Steps in a New Land Chapter 4 Section 1. Columbus Sights a New World. Lands on a Caribbean island in October 1492 Italian sailing under Spanish flag Spain claims most of S. America, Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, & part of present-day U.S.

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Early explorers

Early Explorers

First Steps in a New Land

Chapter 4

Section 1


Columbus sights a new world

Columbus Sights a New World

  • Lands on a Caribbean island in October 1492

  • Italian sailing under Spanish flag

  • Spain claims most of S. America, Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, & part of present-day U.S.

  • Columbus returned to Americas 3 times


New spain

New Spain

  • Conquistadors – Spanish soldiers seeking Gold and Glory and God

    • Built towns, laid out roads, opened mines, developed farms/ranches

  • Friars – Catholic priests

    • Convert natives to Catholic faith; established missions (religious settlements)


Cort s lands in mexico

Cortés Lands in Mexico

  • Feb. 1519 – Hernan Cortés sails from Cuba to Mexico with 500 soldiers

  • Aztecs welcomed Cortés because they believed

    he was a god

  • Tenochtitlán-Aztec capital city with palaces, zoos, gold and silver

  • Spanish imprisoned & killed the Aztec leader,Moctezuma, then tore down capital before they rebuilt and renamed it Mexico City

  • Because of treasures found here, other Spanish are inspired


Lvarez de pineda explores texas

Álvarez de Pineda Explores Texas

  • 1519 – Alonso Álvarez de Pineda becomes 1st European to explore Texas coast

  • Sailed the coast from Florida to Mexico

  • Stopped at mouth of Río de las Palmas (Rio Grande)

  • Died in 1520 in Native American uprising in Mexico


Shipwrecked in texas

Shipwrecked in Texas

  • 1527 –Cabeza de Vaca sailed from Florida for glory and gold

  • Shipwrecked on Galveston Island, which he named Malhado,isle of misfortune.

  • Karankawas help out Spanish, but most died from disease and starvation

  • Cabeza de Vaca & Estevanico (Esteban) adopt ways of Karankawas and become shamans

  • Traveled throughout Texas and learned much about the geography

  • In Texas for nearly 6 years


Early explorers1

Early Explorers

The Spanish Explore Texas

Chapter 4

Section 2


The quest for gold

The Quest for Gold

  • Cabeza de Vaca had heard stories of riches of copper, emeralds, and turquoise

  • Cabeza de Vaca describes his adventure:

    • Huge herds of “cows” with small horns

    • Vast and handsome land

    • Very Fertile

  • Spaniards inspired to send treasure-seeking expeditions


Where did cabeza de vaca probably get his ideas about riches in texas

Where did Cabeza de Vaca probably get his ideas about riches in Texas?

From Native Americans with whom he had come in contact


Fray marcos leads a new expedition

Fray Marcos Leads a New Expedition

  • 1539 – Viceroy Mendoza sends Fray Marcos, a priest, to check out Cabeza de Vaca’s stories

  • Estevanico (Esteban)

    • Shipwrecked with Cabeza de Vaca

    • Rode ahead; sent back reports of seven cities of gold and other riches

    • 1st black man to enter Texas (killed by Zuni Indians)

  • Cibola

    • Pueblo in Arizona and New Mexico border

    • Looked golden at sunset


Why did fray marcos conclude that there was a cibola with seven cities of gold

Why did Fray Marcos conclude that there was a Cibola with seven cities of gold?

He saw a pueblo at sunset, which made it look golden, and he imagined that there were other such cities.


Coronado is disappointed

Coronado Is Disappointed

  • 1540 – Francisco Vazquez de Coronado led an expedition of more than 300 to find Cibola (unfortunately, no gold – just adobe)

  • Met an Indian (Turk) in present-day Santa Fe, New Mexico

  • Turk told of fabulous riches further east in Quivira

  • Cornado and his expedition set out in search of this city

  • Disappointed about not finding riches, Turk is put to death


How would you feel if you were coronado

How would you feel if you were Coronado?


Moscoso explores east texas

Moscoso Explores East Texas

  • 1539 - Hernan de Soto landed in Florida

    • 1st time European reached Mississippi River

    • Died in 1542

  • Moscoso takes command and reaches East Texas

  • Explored as far as Brazos River and found no riches so he returned to Mississippi River


How did de soto and moscoso reach texas

How did de Soto and Moscoso reach Texas?

By land, probably on horseback


New mexico is founded

New Mexico is Founded

  • Spanish interest in Texas starts decreasing due to lack of riches

  • 1609 – Spaniards set up permanent colony on upper Rio Grande

  • Explored as far as present-day San Angelo


Why did the spanish make few attempts to settle the region now known as texas

Why did the Spanish make few attempts to settle the region now known as Texas?

They sought gold but found none, so they thought the region was not worth settling.


Early explorers2

Early Explorers

La Salle Awakens Spanish Interest

Chapter 4

Section 3


France challenges spanish claims

France Challenges Spanish Claims

  • Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle

    • 1682 – 1st European to navigate Mississippi River

    • Named the land Louisiana in honor of Louis XIV

    • 1684 – led 2nd expedition to the New World

      • Mouth of Mississippi River

      • Blown off course with storm

      • Landed in Matagorda Bay (near present-day Corpus Christi)


French flags flies over texas

French Flags Flies Over Texas

  • Ft. St. Louis is built near Matagorda Bay

  • Troubles:

    • Settlers are overworked, starvation, disease, and conflict with the Native Americans

  • La Salle leaves to explore area

  • La Salle murdered by unhappy follower


Results of la salle s expedition

Results of La Salle’s Expedition

  • Spanish shifts focus from western Texas to eastern Texas

    • Why?

  • Provided U.S. a reason to claim Texas as part of Louisiana Purchase (1803)

    • Caused arguments between U.S. and Spain for years over borders


Explorers summary

Explorers Summary

  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus

  • 1519 – Cortes in Mexico; Pineda maps Texas coast

  • 1528 – Cabeza de Vaca in Texas

  • 1540 – Coronado finds Cibola (no gold)

  • 1541 – Coronado finds Quivira (no gold); De Soto explores Mississippi River

  • 1609 – Spanish establish Santa Fe, New Mexico colony

  • 1685 – La Salle establishes Ft. St. Louis near Matagorda Bay

  • 1687 – Spain shifts focus to eastern Texas


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