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The Keys to Laboratory Safety: Semester Review. Bill Diesslin March 3, 2009. U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration. OSHA. Chemical Safety in the Lab Risk Management.

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The keys to laboratory safety semester review

The Keys to Laboratory Safety: Semester Review

Bill Diesslin

March 3, 2009


Chemical safety in the lab risk management

U.S. Department of Labor

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OSHA

Chemical Safety in the LabRisk Management

Name two federal agencies that have regulations that deal with chemical use in the laboratory.


Chemical risk management
Chemical Risk Management

What is the name of the document that is the primary resource for information on how to use chemicals in laboratories at ISU?


Isu laboratory safety manual
ISU Laboratory Safety Manual

  • Introduction

  • Process Planning

  • Emergency Planning

  • Equipment

  • Training

  • General Lab Safety Practices

  • Safety Practices for Specific Hazards

  • Management of Unwanted Lab Materials (Waste)

  • Exposure Assessment and Medical Care

  • Appendix I: Forms

  • Appendix II: Lab Related Manuals


Isu laboratory safety manual1
ISU Laboratory Safety Manual

  • YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES:

    • Familiarize yourself with the document

    • Be aware of lab hazards

    • Follow Standard Operating Procedures

    • Review processes with major professor

    • Use equipment properly (i.e., PPE, fume hoods, etc.)

    • Label, store & dispose of chemicals properly

    • Manage chemical inventories

    • Be a good example to others


Personal protective equipment
Personal Protective Equipment

Chemical-resistant gloves are commonly used in the laboratory. Name 3 things to be aware of when selecting and using chemical-resistant gloves.


Personal protective equipment1
Personal Protective Equipment

  • PPE is last line of defense

  • Identify the hazards

  • Selecting the right PPE

    • Types available

    • Minimum required in a lab

    • Special cases

  • Your responsibilities when wearing PPE

  • Regulated by OSHA

  • Part of SOPs


Chemical hazard information
Chemical Hazard Information

Name two sources of chemical safety information.


Chemical hazard information1
Chemical Hazard Information

  • Constituents of MSDS

  • Health & physical hazards

  • Controls

  • Label requirements – secondary containers

  • Relative to use

  • Allows hazard assessment


Chemical hood usage
Chemical Hood Usage

Name three things to keep in mind when using a chemical hood.


Chemical hood usage1
Chemical Hood Usage

  • Purpose

  • Operational Characteristics

  • Proper Hood Usage

  • Common Usage Problems

  • Servicing


Laboratory inspections
Laboratory Inspections

Names three things that would be deficiencies listed on a laboratory inspection form.


Laboratory inspections1
Laboratory Inspections

POSITIVE IMPRESSIONS

  • Every occupant wearing PPE

  • Door has current emergency contact information and NFPA sign

  • No food or drink containers in laboratory

  • Room is clean and uncluttered

  • Eyewash station is clean and labeled as being tested

  • Chemical containers are from the 21st century

  • All glassware is clean and put away when not in use

  • All chemical containers has labels with names spelled out

  • Centralized location for all documentation (Laboratory Safety Manual, MSDSs, training records, emergency contact info)


Hazardous waste disposal
Hazardous Waste Disposal

The new term used to refer to waste is _________ ________.



Chemical storage
Chemical Storage

Peroxide-forming chemicals must be tested how many months after opening of the container?


Chemical storage1
Chemical Storage

  • Why is proper storage critical?

  • Labeling

  • General Storage Considerations

  • Storage in Refrigerators

  • Storage in Fume hoods

  • Flammable Storage


Hazardous materials shipping
Hazardous Materials Shipping

Name the U.S. authority for all shipments by land, sea and air.


Hazardous materials shipping1
Hazardous Materials Shipping

  • What materials are regulated for shipping?

  • What can happen if you don’t comply with the regulations?

  • What are the steps involved in shipping?


Biosafety
Biosafety

What is the name for an organism that causes diseases in humans, plants or animals?


Biosafety1
Biosafety

  • Recombinant DNA

  • Transgenic Animals or Plants

  • Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Prions

  • Biological Toxins (e.g.Tetanus Toxin)

  • Human Blood and Certain Body Fluids

  • Institutional Biosafety Committee approval


Emergency actions chemical spill procedures
Emergency ActionsChemical Spill Procedures

Name two things you would find in an emergency action plan.


Emergency actions chemical spill procedures1
Emergency ActionsChemical Spill Procedures

  • Types of emergencies

  • Procedures

  • Alarm systems

  • Chemical spill issues

  • Mercury

  • Small versus large?

  • Part of employee training


Electrical safety
Electrical Safety

Name two types of electrical shock injuries and two factors impacting electrical shock.


Electrical safety1
Electrical Safety

  • Improper use of electrical equipment.

  • Damaged equipment: cords, plugs.

  • UL-approved

  • GFCI

  • Vapors


Fire safety in the lab
Fire Safety in the Lab

Name the three components of the fire triangle.


Fire safety in the lab1
Fire Safety in the Lab

  • Fire Chemistry and Principles

  • Controlling Lab Fire Hazards

  • Fire Evacuation Procedures

  • Fire Extinguishers

  • PASS


Common state fire marshal fire safety citations isu
Common State Fire Marshal Fire Safety Citations - ISU

  • Hallway doors opened

  • Storage < 18” below sprinkler heads

  • < 3’ clearance by electric panels

  • Improper use of extension cords & door wedges

  • Lack of orderly and clean laboratories


Pressure safety
Pressure Safety

As volume increases, pressure __________; as temperature increases, pressure __________.


Pressure safety1
Pressure Safety

  • MAWP

  • Safety Factor

  • Hazards of cryogens?

  • Cylinders: primary/secondary hazards


Radiation safety
Radiation Safety

Radiation that has enough energy to cause the release of an orbital electron is called __________.


Radiation safety1
Radiation Safety

  • Radiation Types

    • Ionizing

    • Non-Ionizing

  • Controls

  • ALARA


Laser safety
Laser Safety

Name 3 ways that you can prevent exposure to a laser beam.


Laser safety1
Laser Safety

  • “LA-SER”

  • Which classes of lasers are hazardous?

  • Which non-beam hazard is the most significant?

  • How do you protect yourself when using a laser?



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