Ancient Rome. The Roman Republic and Empire. Origins of Rome. City of Rome was founded in 753 B.C.E. by Romulus and Remus on 7 hills on the Tiber River. The early settlers were the Latins, Greeks and Etruscans. The Latins built the first settlement of Rome.
The Roman Republic and Empire
The Patricians (wealthy landowners) and the Plebeians (common farmers, artisans, merchants) struggled for power.
3rd Punic War-Rome laid siege to Carthage, burned it and sold its people into slavery. With this Rome dominated the Western Mediterranean.
Caesar also started a number of reforms such as increased pay for soldiers and he also expanded the Senate.