A survey of accessibility errors on homepages of official government websites
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A Survey of Accessibility Errors on Homepages of Official Government Websites. Peter Major (Member of the Dynamic Coalition on Accessibility and Disability – DCAD) 4 th Internet Governance Forum 15-18 November, Sharm El Sheik. Outline. Objectives of the survey Resources Methodology used

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A Survey of Accessibility Errors on Homepages of Official Government Websites

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A Survey of Accessibility Errors on Homepages of Official Government Websites

Peter Major

(Member of the Dynamic Coalition on Accessibility and Disability – DCAD)

4th Internet Governance Forum

15-18 November, Sharm El Sheik


Outline

  • Objectives of the survey

  • Resources

  • Methodology used

  • Data sampling and statistics

  • Conclusion


Objectives

  • Check accessibility compliance of official government websites

  • Restrict survey to websites of signatory countries of UN Convention

  • Check home pages only and with respect to WCAG 1.0

  • Compile statistics

  • Give recommendations based on findings


Resources

Convention, guidelines, recommendations

  • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

  • Web Access Initiative Guidelines (WAI)

  • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0

  • Section 508Evaluation tools

  • WAVE , Cynthiasays Report

  • United Nations Global Audit of Web Accessibility


Methodology

  • Identify all signatory countries of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (as of 26/09/2009)

  • Find the official websites of signatory countries

  • Check for accessibility errors of home pages, use semi automatic tools: WAVE Cynthiasays

  • Compile statistics for sites of signatory countries


Data Sampling

  • UN Convention of the rights of persons with disabilities:144 signatory/ratifying countries (end of September 2009) 136 official government websites

  • Accessibility snapshots of home pages (end of September 2009)

  • 40 European, 38 African, 32 Asia-Pacific and 26 American sites


Statistics – World


Accessibility errors on homepages of 136 signatory countries


Statistics – Europe


Accessibility errors on homepages of 40 European signatory countries


Statistics – Africa


Accessibility errors on homepages of 40 African signatory countries


Statistics – Asia-Pacific


Accessibility errors on homepages of 32 Asia-Pacific signatory countries


Statistics – American Countries


Accessibility errors on homepages of 26 American signatory countries


Accessibility errors on home pages of signatory/ratifying countries ofthe UN Convention


Conclusion

  • Situation slightly improved since the end of 2006 (publication of United Nations Global Audit of Web Accessibility by Nomensa)

  • 12% of all homepages are error free 23 % with few errors (between 1 and 5)

  • Situation is uneven: best in Europe (30% error free, 25% few errors)

  • Typical errors: missing alt text for an image form label missing or emptyempty link, linked image with no alt text


Conclusion (cont’d)

  • Retrofit “legacy” websites and/or

  • Redesign and apply accessibility rules

  • Raising awareness if there is a will – there is a way

  • Important step towards e-government

  • Capacity building/assistance


Contact: Peter Major

Dynamic Coalition on

Accessibility and Disability

peter.major@ties.itu.int

+4122 733 72 68

or

DCADsecretariat@itu.int


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