Unit 13
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 53

Unit 13 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 59 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Unit 13. Respiratory System and Pulmonology. Respiratory System. Primary functions: Inspiration of oxygen Expiration of carbon dioxide. Respiratory System. Movement of air: Nasal and sinus passages Pharynx Trachea Bronchi Bronchioles Alveoli. Structures of the Respiratory System.

Download Presentation

Unit 13

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Unit 13

Unit 13

Respiratory System and Pulmonology


Respiratory system

Respiratory System

  • Primary functions:

    • Inspiration of oxygen

    • Expiration of carbon dioxide


Respiratory system1

Respiratory System

  • Movement of air:

    • Nasal and sinus passages

    • Pharynx

    • Trachea

    • Bronchi

    • Bronchioles

    • Alveoli


Structures of the respiratory system

Structures of the Respiratory System


Exchange of gases

Exchange of Gases

  • Oxygen diffuses through alveolar wall into surrounding capillaries

  • Hemoglobin transports oxygen to cells

  • Carbon dioxide moves from tissues into bloodstream

  • Carbon dioxide moves into alveoli and is exhaled


Respiratory combining forms

Respiratory Combining Forms


Respiratory combining forms1

Respiratory Combining Forms


Lungs

Lungs

  • pneumon/o = combining form

  • Examples:

    • pneumon/o/pathy = any lung disease

    • pneumon/o/rrhagia = hemorrhage of lungs

    • pneumon/o/melan/osis = lung disease characterized by black lung tissue

      • melan/o


Lung conditions

Lung Conditions

  • Examples:

    • pneumon/itis = inflammation of lungs

    • pneumon/ia = acute inflammation of lungs

      • Caused by:

        • Bacteria, fungi, and viruses

      • Treatment:

        • Antibiotics

    • atel/ectasis = collapsed lung

      • Dilated or expanded


Lung procedures

Lung Procedures

  • Examples:

    • pneumon/o/tomy = incision into lung

    • pneumon/ectomy = excision of part or all of lung

    • pneumon/o/centesis = surgical puncture of lung to remove fluid

    • pneumon/o/pexy = surgical fixation or attachment of prolapsed lung


Lungs1

Lungs

  • pulmon/o = another combining form for lungs

    • Used only in a few words

  • Examples:

    • pulmon/ary and pulmon/ic = pertaining to lungs

    • cardi/o/pulmon/ary = pertaining to heart and lungs

    • pulmon/ary valve = heart valve through which blood travels to lungs

    • pulmon/ary embolus = blood clot moving to lung


Unit 13

Air

  • pneum/o = combining form

    • Can also mean lung

  • Examples:

    • pneum/o/therapy = treatment with compressed air

    • pneum/o/meter = instrument that measures air volume in respiration

      • spir/o/meter = instrument that measures lung volume


Unit 13

Air

  • Examples:

    • pneum/o/derm/a = collection of air under skin

    • pneum/o/thorax = collection of air in chest cavity

      • Air forced into cavity

    • pneum/o/py/o/thorax = collection of air and pus in chest cavity

    • pneum/o/hem/o/thorax = collection of air and blood in chest cavity


Breathing

Breathing

  • pne/o = combining form

  • -pnea = suffix form

    • Used most often

  • Normal breathing rate for adults:

    • 12 to 16 breaths per minute


Breathing1

Breathing

  • Inspire

    • To breathe in

  • Expire

    • To breathe out


Animation

Animation

Click Here to Play Respiration Animation


Respiratory symptoms

Respiratory Symptoms


Respiratory symptoms1

Respiratory Symptoms


Sputum

Sputum

  • Combination of mucus and other fluids and substances in respiratory tract

  • ptyal/o = combining form for sputum and saliva

  • Examples:

    • hemo/pty/sis = coughing up sputum containing blood

    • ptyal/o/rrhea = drooling due to excess saliva


Nasal cavity

Nasal Cavity

  • nas/o = combining form

  • Examples:

    • nas/al = pertaining to nose

    • nas/itis = inflammation of nasal cavity

    • nas/o/scope = instrument used to examine nasal cavity


Nasal cavity1

Nasal Cavity

  • Examples:

    • nas/o/pharyng/itis = inflammation of nose and pharynx

    • nas/o/front/al = pertaining to nasal and frontal bone

    • nas/o/lacrimal = pertaining to nose and lacrimal (tear) duct

    • epi/staxis = nosebleed


Throat

Throat

  • pharynx = throat

  • pharyng/o = combining form

  • Examples:

    • pharyng/o/pathy = any pharynx disease

    • pharyng/itis = inflammation of pharynx

    • pharyng/o/cele = herniation of pharynx

    • pharyng/o/lith = calculus in wall of pharynx


Throat1

Throat

  • Examples:

    • pharyng/o/tomy = incision of throat

    • pharyng/o/plasty = surgical repair of throat

    • pharyng/o/scope = instrument used to examine throat


Larynx

Larynx

  • Contains vocal cords

  • laryng/o = combining form

  • Examples:

    • laryng/o/pathy = any larynx disease

    • laryng/itis = inflammation of larynx

    • laryng/algia = pain in larynx

    • laryng/o/spasm = spasm of larynx


Larynx1

Larynx

  • Examples:

    • laryng/o/tomy = incision into larynx

    • laryng/o/stomy = surgical opening into larynx

    • laryng/o/scope = instrument used to examine larynx


Trachea

Trachea

  • trachea = windpipe

  • trache/o = combining form

  • Examples:

    • trache/al = pertaining to trachea

    • endo/trache/al = within trachea

    • trache/algia = pain in trachea

    • trache/o/cele = herniation of trachea


Trachea1

Trachea

  • Examples:

    • trache/o/rrhagia = hemorrhage from trachea

    • trache/o/py/osis = condition of trachea with pus formation

    • trache/o/scopy = examination of trachea

    • trache/o/tomy = incision into trachea

    • trache/ostomy = surgical creation of new opening in trachea

    • trache/o/laryng/o/tomy = incision of trachea and larynx


Bronchi

Bronchi

  • bronch/o = combining form

  • bronchus = singular form

  • Examples:

    • bronch/itis = inflammation of bronchi

    • bronch/o/lith = calculus in bronchus

    • bronch/o/rrhagia = bronchial hemorrhage

    • bronch/o/spasm = spasm of bronchus


Bronchi1

Bronchi

  • Examples:

    • bronch/o/scope = instrument used to examine bronchi

    • bronch/o/scopy = examination of bronchi with instrument

    • bronch/o/fiber/o/scopy = use of specialized, flexible scope to examine bronchi

    • bronch/o/stomy = formation of new opening in bronchus

    • bronch/o/rrhaphy = suturing of bronchus


Pleura

Pleura

  • Membrane around lungs

  • pleur = combining form

  • pleurae = plural form

  • Examples:

    • pleur/al = pertaining to pleura

    • pleur/itis and pleur/isy = inflammation of pleura

    • pleur/algia and pleur/o/dynia = pain in pleura


Pleura1

Pleura

  • Examples:

    • pleur/o/lith = calculus in pleura

    • viscer/o/pleur/al = pertaining to membrane attached to lung

    • pleur/o/centesis = surgical puncturing of pleura

    • pleur/ectomy = excision of part of pleura


Diaphragm

Diaphragm

  • Muscle that controls breathing

  • phren/o and diaphragm/o = combining forms

  • phren/ic and diaphragm/atic = adjectival forms


Diaphragm1

Diaphragm

  • Examples:

    • diaphragm/aticbreathing = automatic breathing controlled by brain signaling diaphragm

    • phren/o/plegia = paralysis of diaphragm

    • phren/ectomy and phren/ic/ectomy = removal of portion of phrenic nerve


Respiratory diseases

Respiratory Diseases

  • Croup

    • Characterized by resonant, barking cough

    • Occurs mostly in children

    • Caused by:

      • Viral infection

      • Allergic reaction

      • Inhalation of foreign object


Respiratory diseases1

Respiratory Diseases

  • Asthma

    • Results in:

      • Spasms in bronchi

      • Wheezing cough

      • Inability to take complete breath


Respiratory diseases2

Respiratory Diseases

  • Asthma

    • Brought on by:

      • Overexertion

      • Inhalation of irritants

      • Infection

      • Emotional distress


Animation1

Animation

Click Here to Play Asthma Animation


Respiratory diseases3

Respiratory Diseases

  • Emphysema

    • Terminal bronchioles and alveoli lose elasticity and ability to receive and expel air

    • Results in:

      • Shortness of breath

      • Chronic cough

      • Cyanosis

      • Wheezing


Respiratory diseases4

Respiratory Diseases

  • Emphysema

    • Caused by:

      • Smoking cigarettes

      • Breathing dirty, polluted air


Respiratory diseases5

Respiratory Diseases

  • Pertussis

    • Also known as whooping cough

    • Characterized by shrill, whooping inspiration and cough

    • Prevention:

      • Vaccination with DTaP for children

      • Vaccination with Tdap for adults


Directional term left

Directional Term: Left

  • sinistr/o = combining form

  • Origin

    • Latin

    • sinister = left

  • Superstition that left side is bad or evil


Directional term left1

Directional Term: Left

  • Examples:

    • sinistr/ad = toward left

    • sinistr/al = pertaining to left

    • sinistr/o/man/ual = left-handed

    • sinistr/o/ped/al = left-footed

    • sinistr/o/cardi/a = displacement of heart to left

    • sinistr/o/cerebr/al = pertaining to left half of cerebrum


Directional term left2

Directional Term: Left

  • oculus sinister (OS) = left eye

  • auris sinister (AS) = left ear


Directional term right

Directional Term: Right

  • dextr/o = combining form for right

  • Origin

    • Latin

    • dexter = right

  • Superstition that right side is good


Directional term right1

Directional Term: Right

  • Examples:

    • dextr/ad = toward right

    • dextr/al = pertaining to right

    • dextr/o/man/ual = right-handed

    • dextr/o/ped/al = right-footed

    • dextr/o/cardi/a = displacement of heart to right

    • dextr/o/gastr/ia = displacement of stomach to right


Directional term right2

Directional Term: Right

  • oculus dexter (OD) = right eye

  • auris dexter (AD) = right ear


Unit 13

Feet

  • pod/o and ped/i = combining forms

  • Examples:

    • pod/iatric = pertaining to feet

    • pod/iatry = medical specialty concerned with feet

    • pod/iatrist = doctor who diagnoses and treats conditions of feet

    • ped/i/algia and pod/algia = foot pain


Hands

Hands

  • chir/o = combining form

  • Origin

    • Greek

    • cheir = hand


Hands1

Hands

  • Examples:

    • chir/o/spasm = spasm of hand

    • chir/o/plasty = surgical repair of hand

    • chir/o/practors = specialists who use hands to manipulate body for therapy

      • E.g., spinal manipulation


Pediatrics

Pediatrics

  • pedi/a = combining form for children

  • Origin

    • Greek

    • pedias = child


Pediatrics1

Pediatrics

  • Examples:

    • pedi/a/trician = physician specialist who treats children

    • pedi/a/trics = medical specialty for treatment of children


Gerontology

Gerontology

  • ger/i = old age

  • Examples:

    • ger/ont/o/logy = study of treatment of aging and elderly

    • ger/iatrics = medical specialty of treating diseases related to old age


Psychiatry

Psychiatry

  • psych/iatry = study and treatment of mental illness

  • psych/iatrist = medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating mental disorders

  • psych/iatric = pertaining to psychiatry


  • Login