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2001 Question 1 Ap Gov/Politics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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 Beryl Winston. 2001 Question 1 Ap Gov/Politics. The United States Constitution has endured for more than two centuries as the framework of government. However, the meaning of the Constitution has been changed by both formal and informal methods.

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2001 Question 1 Ap Gov/Politics

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Beryl winston

 Beryl Winston

2001 Question 1Ap Gov/Politics


2001 question 1 ap gov politics

The United States Constitution has endured for more than two centuries as the framework of government. However, the meaning of the Constitution has been changed by both formal and informal methods.

A).Identify two formal methods for adding ammendments to the constitution

One formal method to change the Constitution is by passing a bill through both houses of Congress, with a two-thirds majority in each. Once the bill is passed it is sent to the states. This is the process used by all current amendments.

The second method is for a Constitutional Convention to be called by two-thirds of the state legislatures. The convention would propose one or more amendments to the Constitution. This method has never been used, but there has been much discussion as to what kind of changes this process would make to the Constitution.


2001 question 1 ap gov politics

The United States Constitution has endured for more than two centuries as the framework of government. However, the meaning of the Constitution has been changed by both formal and informal methods.

B). Name two informal methods that have been used to change the meaning of the constitution. Provide one specific example for each informal method you described.

  • An informal method to amend the Constitution would be judicial interpretation. Judicial interpretation includes reinterpretation of the Constitution. This has brought about some of the greatest changes in the Constitution, for example when Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 ended racial segregation.

  • Presidential or Congressional action are other informal methods that may lead to change, for example when Thomas Jefferson used his authority to purchase the Louisiana Territory, even without clear authorization to do so. Congressional action was used when Congress passed the War Powers Act in 1973, attempting to restrict the foreign policy vote of the president.


2001 question 1 ap gov politics

The United States Constitution has endured for more than two centuries as the framework of government. However, the meaning of the Constitution has been changed by both formal and informal methods.

C).Explain why informal methods are used more often than the formal amendment process.

Informal amendments, unlike formal amendments which change the written word of the Constitution, are changes not affecting the written document. This is an easier and faster way for getting things done.


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