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Political system. China still has a one-party system. Historical overview. From the revolution generation to the Third generation. From the revolution generation to the Third generation. Brief Guide to Historical Developments.

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Presentation Transcript
political system
Political system
  • China still has a one-party system
brief guide to historical developments
Brief Guide to Historical Developments
  • Historical events are important to the understanding of China\'s economy since 1949.
  • With each new development, some elements of the past were retained and the identification of those elements requires knowledge of what existed in the past.
  • Without this knowledge, the new developments may appear to be contradictory and confusing.
the history of a republic 1
The History of a Republic (1)
  • Oct. 1, 1949 The People\'s Republic of China is established. Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan.
  • 1950-53 China’s involvement in the Korean War
  • 1951-52 Land reform accompanied with ‘three anti’ and five ‘anti’ movement
  • 1954-55 China shells Taiwan, and the U.S. announces it will defend Taiwan
  • 1956 Political liberalisation ‘let a hundred flowers bloom, let the hundred schools of thought contend’
  • 1957 Anti-Rightist Campaign
the history of a republic 2
The History of a Republic (2)
  • 1958-60 The Great Leap Forward organizes peasants into communes to achieve modernization. Inflated productivity figures and irrational farming decisions cause famine and some 30 million deaths.
  • 1959 China entered Tibet and the Dalai Lama flees to India
  • 1961-65 Readjustment and recovery
  • 1966-76 A power struggle between Mao and other party members leads to the Cultural Revolution. Under Mao\'s orders, Red Guard youth brigades flood the cities to weed out so-called revisionists
the history of a republic 3
The History of a Republic (3)
  • 1967 China detonates its first H-bomb
  • 1972 Nixon visits Beijing
  • 1976 Mao dies
  • 1978 Deng begins economic reforms, starting with agriculture
  • 1979 U.S. grants full diplomatic recognition to Beijing, not Taiwan
  • 1989 Students protests in Tiananmen Square
  • 1999 Angry anti-U.S. demonstrations break out after NATO bombs the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia
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