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Political system. China still has a one-party system. Historical overview. From the revolution generation to the Third generation. From the revolution generation to the Third generation. Brief Guide to Historical Developments.

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Political system
Political system

  • China still has a one-party system





Brief guide to historical developments
Brief Guide to Historical Developments

  • Historical events are important to the understanding of China's economy since 1949.

  • With each new development, some elements of the past were retained and the identification of those elements requires knowledge of what existed in the past.

  • Without this knowledge, the new developments may appear to be contradictory and confusing.


The history of a republic 1
The History of a Republic (1)

  • Oct. 1, 1949 The People's Republic of China is established. Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan.

  • 1950-53 China’s involvement in the Korean War

  • 1951-52 Land reform accompanied with ‘three anti’ and five ‘anti’ movement

  • 1954-55 China shells Taiwan, and the U.S. announces it will defend Taiwan

  • 1956 Political liberalisation ‘let a hundred flowers bloom, let the hundred schools of thought contend’

  • 1957 Anti-Rightist Campaign


The history of a republic 2
The History of a Republic (2)

  • 1958-60 The Great Leap Forward organizes peasants into communes to achieve modernization. Inflated productivity figures and irrational farming decisions cause famine and some 30 million deaths.

  • 1959 China entered Tibet and the Dalai Lama flees to India

  • 1961-65 Readjustment and recovery

  • 1966-76 A power struggle between Mao and other party members leads to the Cultural Revolution. Under Mao's orders, Red Guard youth brigades flood the cities to weed out so-called revisionists


The history of a republic 3
The History of a Republic (3)

  • 1967 China detonates its first H-bomb

  • 1972 Nixon visits Beijing

  • 1976 Mao dies

  • 1978 Deng begins economic reforms, starting with agriculture

  • 1979 U.S. grants full diplomatic recognition to Beijing, not Taiwan

  • 1989 Students protests in Tiananmen Square

  • 1999 Angry anti-U.S. demonstrations break out after NATO bombs the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia


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