A growing nation
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A Growing Nation. 1800-1840. 1800-1840. America increased in size dramatically Thomas Jefferson is elected President in 1800 Three new states are added to the original 13: Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee In 1803, the territory was doubled by the Louisiana Purchase

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A Growing Nation

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A growing nation

A Growing Nation

1800-1840


1800 1840

1800-1840

  • America increased in size dramatically

  • Thomas Jefferson is elected President in 1800

  • Three new states are added to the original 13: Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee

  • In 1803, the territory was doubled by the Louisiana Purchase

  • The War of 1812 with Great Britain and border conflicts with Spanish territory of Florida challenged the new states


A growing nation

  • By 1837, when Michigan became a state, more than half of the present day 50 states were in the Union

  • The rapid growth of new nation brought an upsurge of national pride and identity

  • Improved transportation helped to bind the old and the new states together

  • Canals, turnpikes, railroads boomed


A growing nation

  • Steamboats and sailing packets helped speed people and goods to their destinations

  • The westward expansion of the United States and its explosive growth in population had profound effects on American life and literature

  • Famous authors of this time period: Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, William Cullen Bryant, and Edgar Allen Poe


New england renaissance

New England Renaissance

1840-1855


1840 1855

1840-1855

  • By 1840, it was clear that the American experiment in democracy had succeeded

  • Andrew Jackson, the first “People’s President”, had served two terms in office

  • New states continued to enter the union

  • Although the great early presidents of the Virginia and Massachusetts dynasties had passed from the scene, great statesmen emerged


A growing nation

  • These men struggled with political issues that would ultimately break the nation apart

  • American literature blossomed suddenly and brilliantly in New England. Particularly it happened in Massachusetts and specifically in Boston, Concord, Salem, Pittsfield, and Amherst.

  • Its guiding spirit was Ralph Waldo Emerson


A growing nation

Authors in this time period: Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Henry David Thoreau


Transcendentalism

Transcendentalism

  • Transcendentalism is a group of new ideas in literature and philosophy that is sometimes called American Transcendentalism to distinguish it from other uses of the word transcendental.

  • The movement developed in the 1830s and 40s as a protest against the general state of culture and society, and in particular, the state of intellectualism at Harvard University and the doctrine of the Unitarian church taught at Harvard Divinity.

  • Among transcendentalists' core beliefs was the belief in an ideal spiritual state that "transcends" the physical and empirical and is realized only through the individual's intuition, rather than through the doctrines of established religions. The major figures in the movement were Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman,Margaret Fuller, and Amos Bronson Alcott

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcendentalism


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