The Cold War Abroad
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The Cold War Abroad. Vs. The United States. The Soviet Union. Post World War II Plans. Yalta Meeting (Feb. 1945): • European nations to be democratic, United Nations created. Post World War II Plans. Potsdam conference (July 1945): • Germany divided into 4 zones

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The Cold War Abroad

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The cold war abroad

The Cold War Abroad

Vs.

The United States

The Soviet Union


The cold war abroad

Post World War II Plans

  • Yalta Meeting (Feb. 1945):

    • European nations to be democratic,

    United Nations created


The cold war abroad

Post World War II Plans

  • Potsdam conference (July 1945):

    • Germany divided into 4 zones

    (USA, S.U., G.B., France)


The cold war abroad

Iron Curtain

  • Stalin wanted

    barrier around

    S.U.

  • Eastern European

    nations

    communist,

    controlled

    by Soviets

    “Satellite states”


The cold war abroad

“From Stettin in the North to Trieste in the south, an iron curtain has descended over Europe.”

Winston Churchill to Americans in Speech


Containment policy

Containment Policy

  • U.S. foreign policy that sought to prevent the spread of Soviet communism

George Kennan –

creator of the

Containment policy

Truman supported with

Truman Doctrine!


The cold war abroad

Truman Doctrine (1947)

  • Response to communist takeover attempt

    in Greece

  • Truman gives economic aid to countries fighting

    communism

  • $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey

Controversial example of containment


The cold war abroad

Marshall Plan (1948-1951)

  • Europe needed to be rebuilt

    after WWII

London, England

Dresden, Germany


The cold war abroad

Marshall Plan (1948-1951)

  • Sec. of State George Marshall--give friendly aid

  • economic recovery was necessary for world peace

West German

advertisement

The free train

of the Marshall

Plan


The cold war abroad

Marshall

Plan

$12.5

billion


The cold war abroad

Marshall Plan (1948-1951)

  • S.U. and Eastern countries refuse aid


The cold war abroad

Berlin Airlift (1948-1949)

  • Berlin also divided into 4 zones

  • Soviet zone weak, others prospered and cooperated


Marshall plan and west berlin

Marshall Plan and West Berlin


The cold war abroad

Berlin Airlift (1948-1949)

  • East Berliners could see difference and left

  • Stalin blockaded West Berlin to stop this

Soviets closed Berlin’s railway lines, canals, roads. W. Berlin had 36 days of supplies.


The cold war abroad

Berlin Airlift (1948-1949)

  • Allies airlift supplies until blockade ended

Lasted 11

months!

“Operation

Vittles”


The cold war abroad

Every ten minutes a plane took off with supplies for West Berlin.

327 days277,000 flights2.5 million tons of supplies


The cold war abroad

NATO (1949) and Warsaw Pact

  • defensive military alliance created

  • called North Atlantic Treaty Organization

  • Warsaw Pact created in response (S.U.and E. Europe)


The cold war abroad

Nuclear Arms Race

  • 1949--Soviet Union achieves A-bomb

Russian Scientist

Kurchatov

“Joe -1” Russian A-bomb


The cold war abroad

Nuclear Arms Race

  • U.S. quadruples defense spending

  • 1952--U.S. invents Hydrogen "super" bomb

H-Bomb

Test

Fireball 3 miles

18 mths. later

Soviets have it


New leaders

New Leaders

  • 1952 Eisenhower elected

  • 1953 Stalin dies; Nikita Kruschev takes over

  • Nuclear deterrence begins (don’t want WWIII)

Eisenhower Kruschev


The cold war abroad

Metacognition Statement:

I know that I know something about Cold War events.

First,

In addition,

Finally,

Now you know something that I know about Cold War events.


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