Music in soviet russia
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Music in Soviet Russia. Important pre-Soviet Composers. “National Realistic School” Glinka, Dargomyzhsky, Serov Tchaikovsky Balakirev, Borodin, Musorgsky, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov. Classical Music in Russia. Classical music flourished under “proletariat rule”. Soviet Music.

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Music in Soviet Russia

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Music in soviet russia

Music in Soviet Russia


Important pre soviet composers

Important pre-Soviet Composers

  • “National Realistic School”

  • Glinka, Dargomyzhsky, Serov

  • Tchaikovsky

  • Balakirev, Borodin, Musorgsky, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov


Classical music in russia

Classical Music in Russia

  • Classical music flourished under “proletariat rule”


Soviet music

Soviet Music

  • Soviet musicologists believed realistic composers should write music that is “grounded in the nation”.

    • Appeal to a broad group of people using popular melody (often use folk music melodies), and European art music.


Notable composers

Notable Composers

  • Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Dmitrii Shostakovich


Stravinsky

Stravinsky


Rite of spring

Rite of Spring

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bjX3oAwv_Fs&feature=related


Prokofiev

Prokofiev


Romeo and juliet

Romeo and Juliet

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZB3sd2BAxys


Shostakovich

Shostakovich


Festive overture

Festive Overture

  • Wrote Festive Overture in three days after Stalin’s death.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1gDZTah8J2A


Early soviet russia

Early Soviet Russia

  • Lacked both the brilliance of before the revolution and the censorship that would come later

  • Interested in a “Sovietization” of music and musical life

    • Cultural Transformation

    • Musicians were actually major players in “Sovietization”


Sovietization of music

“Sovietization” of Music

  • The People’s Conservatory

    • Opened after the 1905 Revolution

    • Courses in Choral Singing and Elementary Music Theory

  • Wanted a distinctly Soviet musical culture

  • Music was difficult to censor because of it’s abstraction compared to physical art forms.

  • Nationalized conservatories, publishing houses and theatres.

  • Confiscated valuable instruments from private collections and aristocrats.


Sovietization of music1

“Sovietization” of Music

  • There was only one radio station in all of Russia.

  • Comintern Radio


Participation of workers

Participation of Workers

  • Groups in factories or farm collectives began putting on little plays, with music written either by a member of the group or a pro.


Works cited

Works Cited

  • " Google Image Result for http://www.classical-composers.org/img/prokofiev.jpg." Google. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.classical-composers.org/img/prokofiev.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.classical-composers.org/comp/prokofie&h=333&w=234&sz=12&tbnid=imcj5BsMq4oYBM:&tbnh=266&tbnw=187&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dimages%2Bof%2BProkofiev&zoom=1 (accessed December 19, 2010).

  • " Google Image Result for http://www.classical.net/music/images/composer/s/stravinsky.jpg." Google. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.classical.net/music/images/composer/s/stravinsky.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.classical.net/music/comp.lst/stravinsky.php&h=280&w=230&sz=32&tbnid=eBiGLLLjtOv5PM:&tbnh=224&tbnw=184&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dimage%2Bof%2B (accessed December 19, 2010).

  • " Google Image Result for http://www.manhattanstringquartet.com/images/Shostakovich_web.jpg." Google. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.manhattanstringquartet.com/images/Shostakovich_web.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.manhattanstringquartet.com/Shostakovich.htm&h=430&w=386&sz=12&tbnid=Nlf7DSCNUxa_wM:&tbnh=126&tbnw=113&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dimages%2Bof (accessed December 19, 2010).

  • "Classical Music in Soviet Russia." NewsMax.com: America's News Page - News Archives. http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2006/11/24/85758.shtml (accessed December 18, 2010).

  • Cowell, Henry . "Music in Soviet Russia." JSTOR: Russian Review, Vol. 1. No. 2, (April.,1942), pp. 74-79. http://www.jstor.org/stable/125204 (accessed December 7, 2010).


Works cited cont

Works Cited (cont.)

  • Dorin, Ryan. "Dmitri Shostakovich: Festive Overture - Piece Detail | LA Phil." Los Angeles Philharmonic at Walt Disney Concert Hall | LA Phil. http://www.laphil.com/philpedia/piece-detail.cfm?id=263 (accessed January 2, 2011).

  • "Essentials of Music - Composers." Essentials of Music. http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/composer/stravinsky.html (accessed December 7, 2010).

  • Guide, All Music. "Dmitry Shostakovich | AllMusic." AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/dmitry-shostakovich-q7974/biography (accessed December 8, 2010).

  • "Igor Stravinsky - Biography." HumanitiesWeb - Welcome. http://www.humanitiesweb.org/human.php?s=c&p=a&a=i&ID=756 (accessed December 8, 2010).

  • "Music under Soviet rule: Centre and pseudo-centre." Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. http://www.siue.edu/~aho/musov/cpc.html (accessed January 2, 2011).

  • Nelson, Amy. "Music for the Revolution: Musicians ... - Google Books." Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=Q9MsfCnep64C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Music,+Soviet,+Russia&hl=en&ei=fmX-TLzAOI-q8Aaxqdj8Bw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed December 7, 2010).

  • Schwarz, Boris. Music and musical life in Soviet Russia, 1917-1970 . New York: W. W. Norton, 1972.

  • "Sergei Prokofiev - an overview of the classical composer." mfiles. www.mfiles.co.uk/composers/Sergei-Prokofiev.htm (accessed December 8, 2010).

  • Smrz, Jiri. "Symphonic Marxism: Sovietizing Pre-Revolutionary Russian Music Under Stalin." Discourses in Music. http://www.discourses.ca/v4n3a1.html (accessed January 2, 2011).


Works cited cont1

Works Cited (cont.)

  • "YouTube- Shostakovich Festive Overture Op 96 Live @ Nobel Prize Concert 2009 ." YouTube . http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1gDZTah8J2A (accessed January 2, 2011).

  • "YouTube-The Rite of Spring Part 1 ." YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bjX3oAwv_Fs&feature=related (accessed January 2, 2011).


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