Bellringer
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Bellringer. Move into groups Have out on your desk ONLY your Athens v. Sparta Bellringer , your homework, and a pen or pencil. Complete the Athens vs. Sparta Bellringer INDEPENDENTLY If you finish early, share your evolution of government with your peers at your table.

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Bellringer

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Bellringer

  • Move into groups

  • Have out on your desk ONLY your Athens v. Sparta Bellringer, your homework, and a pen or pencil.

  • Complete the Athens vs. Sparta Bellringer INDEPENDENTLY

  • If you finish early, share your evolution of government with your peers at your table.

  • BJOTD: Why was the belt thrown in jail?


The Persian Wars

499-449 BCE


Step One: The Ionian Revolt

  • 499 BCE: the Ionians rebelled against Persian rule

    • Athens sends troops and ships to aid

  • Persia won the struggle but Darius vows revenge against Athens


Step Two: the Battle of Marathon

  • 490 BCE: The Persians land at Marathon, a plain Northeast of Athens

  • Persian fleet headed for Athens, leaving their infantry at Marathon to be defeated by the Athenian army

  • Shows that the Greeks could stand up to the Persian Army


Step Three: Thermopylae

  • Darius is dead, and his son Xerxes rules the Persian Empire

  • 480 BCE: Massive Persian army met 7,000 Greeks, including 300 Spartans, at a narrow pass at Thermopylae

  • Spartans defended the pass until they all died making an impression on the Greek city-states who rallied together to fight the Persians


Step Four: Salamis

  • 480 BCE: Maneuverable Greek ships met the Persian fleet in the narrow water channel near the island of Salamis

  • 1/3 of the Persian fleet was sunk, and the land armies of the Persians were defeated at the Battle of Platea (479 BCE)


Effects of the Persian Wars (499-449 BCE)

  • Persian Wars united Athens and Sparta against the Persian Empire

    • Athens became the leader of the Delian League (an alliance of 140 city-states)

  • Athenian victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis left Greeks in control of the Aegean Sea

  • Athens preserved its independence and continued innovations in government and culture, leading to the rise of the Golden Age of Greece


Test Next Class

  • 50 multiple choice questions

    • 40 SOL style (5 review), 10 AP

  • Essay—NOT compare/contrast

    • Rubric available

      • Think about the major topics we’ve covered—how did they affect life in ancient Greece?

        • Geography

        • Evolution of Government

        • Persian Wars

        • Mythology


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