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Bellringer. Move into groups Have out on your desk ONLY your Athens v. Sparta Bellringer , your homework, and a pen or pencil. Complete the Athens vs. Sparta Bellringer INDEPENDENTLY If you finish early, share your evolution of government with your peers at your table.

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Bellringer

Bellringer

  • Move into groups

  • Have out on your desk ONLY your Athens v. Sparta Bellringer, your homework, and a pen or pencil.

  • Complete the Athens vs. Sparta Bellringer INDEPENDENTLY

  • If you finish early, share your evolution of government with your peers at your table.

  • BJOTD: Why was the belt thrown in jail?


The persian wars

The Persian Wars

499-449 BCE


Step one the ionian revolt

Step One: The Ionian Revolt

  • 499 BCE: the Ionians rebelled against Persian rule

    • Athens sends troops and ships to aid

  • Persia won the struggle but Darius vows revenge against Athens


Step two the battle of marathon

Step Two: the Battle of Marathon

  • 490 BCE: The Persians land at Marathon, a plain Northeast of Athens

  • Persian fleet headed for Athens, leaving their infantry at Marathon to be defeated by the Athenian army

  • Shows that the Greeks could stand up to the Persian Army


Step three thermopylae

Step Three: Thermopylae

  • Darius is dead, and his son Xerxes rules the Persian Empire

  • 480 BCE: Massive Persian army met 7,000 Greeks, including 300 Spartans, at a narrow pass at Thermopylae

  • Spartans defended the pass until they all died making an impression on the Greek city-states who rallied together to fight the Persians


Step four salamis

Step Four: Salamis

  • 480 BCE: Maneuverable Greek ships met the Persian fleet in the narrow water channel near the island of Salamis

  • 1/3 of the Persian fleet was sunk, and the land armies of the Persians were defeated at the Battle of Platea (479 BCE)


Effects of the persian wars 499 449 bce

Effects of the Persian Wars (499-449 BCE)

  • Persian Wars united Athens and Sparta against the Persian Empire

    • Athens became the leader of the Delian League (an alliance of 140 city-states)

  • Athenian victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis left Greeks in control of the Aegean Sea

  • Athens preserved its independence and continued innovations in government and culture, leading to the rise of the Golden Age of Greece


Test next class

Test Next Class

  • 50 multiple choice questions

    • 40 SOL style (5 review), 10 AP

  • Essay—NOT compare/contrast

    • Rubric available

      • Think about the major topics we’ve covered—how did they affect life in ancient Greece?

        • Geography

        • Evolution of Government

        • Persian Wars

        • Mythology


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