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Absolute Monarchy. Chapter 13. Two Models of Political Development. CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY Government where the monarch is subject to the law and power is limited England: Representative Body of the People vs. power of the king Limiting the kings power 1215-Magna Carta 1300’s-Parliament

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two models of political development
Two Models of Political Development
  • CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY
    • Government where the monarch is subject to the law and power is limited
      • England: Representative Body of the People vs. power of the king
        • Limiting the kings power
          • 1215-Magna Carta
          • 1300’s-Parliament
          • 1640’s-Petition of Right
          • 1690’s-English Bill of Rights
        • Major Conflict
          • English Civil War (Puritans)
          • Glorious Revolution
  • ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
    • Government where the monarch controls the government, the economy, and society
      • Divine Right to rule
      • Personal Rule
louis xiv
Louis XIV
  • History
    • France ruled by strong ministers
      • Richelieu and Mazarin
        • Created centralizing policies that provoked rebellions by the nobility (the Fronde) 1649-1652
          • Remember the relationship between the Huguenots and the nobility
        • Louis worried about heavy-handed practices
          • Centralized power while assuring local control and influence for the nobility
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Louis XIV
  • Divine right to rule
    • Leader divinely appointed and answerable only to God
      • Louis’ tutor was Political theorist Bishop Jacques-Benign Bousset
        • Old testament rulers divinely appointed and answerable only to God
        • Medieval Church: only God could judge a Pope; extended this for the king
    • “L’etal, céstmoi” (I am the State)—Louis XIV
      • The king still duty bound to reflect God’s will through his policies; not bound to nobles or Parlements (courts)
      • Representative of the State in foreign affairs
        • Not the father of his people; that was left to local nobility
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Louis XIV
  • Personal Rule
    • Assumed control 1661
      • 21 years old
    • Relationship with nobility
    • Directly managed political affairs
      • Councils
      • Parlements
    • Social Control
      • Versailles
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Louis XIV
  • Foreign Policy: Early Wars
    • Securing French borders
      • War of Devolution
      • 1667 Invasion of Flanders
      • 1670 Secret Treaty of Dover
      • 1672 Invasion of the Netherlands
      • 1678, 1679 Peace of Nijmwegen
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Louis XIV
  • Religious Policy
    • To secure political unity and stability
      • Suppression of Jansenists
      • Revocation of Edict of Nantes
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Louis XIV
  • Later Wars
    • Nine Years War and the League of Augsburg
    • New World
    • War of Spanish Succession
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Louis XIV
  • France after Louis XIV
    • Louis XV
    • Duke of Orleans
    • John Law
      • Mississippi Bubble
      • Renewal of Authority of Parlements
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