Problem Solving and Critical Thinking in ELT. Awad Al Sheikh, Rasha Dahman & Fida Abu Eid. Presentation outline. Why teaching Critical Thinking and Problem Solving is important Nature of Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Characteristics of an effective Critical Thinker
Awad Al Sheikh, Rasha Dahman & Fida Abu Eid
If I hear it, I forget it.If I see it, I remember it .If I do it, I know it .
The art of thinking about your thinking, while you’re thinking, so as to make your thinking more clear, precise, accurate, relevant, consistent, and fair; the art of constructive skepticism; the art of identifying and removing bias…and one-sidedness of thought; the art of self-directed, in-depth thinking…
1. “interpreting, analyzing or evaluating information, arguments or experiences with a set of reflective attitudes, skills, and abilities”
Thinking about your students, which of the elements above are your students capable of ?
Napoleon Brown lives on the fourth floor of a block of flats. Every day he goes downstairs at 7:30, takes the bus from the end of the street at around 7:35 and arrives at his office at about 8 o\'clock. When the weather is fine, he rushes into the lift and takes the lift to the fourth floor. He gets out and walks up to the fifth floor where his office is, and starts work at around 8:15. When the weather is bad, he takes the lift right up to the fifth floor. He works until 5 p.m.,then takes the lift down to the lobby and hurries to the bus stop to get his bus home. At home, he takes the lift up to his flat.
… is a mental process whereby an individual utilizes his/her previous knowledge and experience to respond to the requirements of an unfamiliar situation. The response should seek out the conflict or ambiguity of the situation.
What are the steps to solving problems?
1- Defining the problem
2- Gathering information
3- Studying and analyzing the collected
4- Suggesting solutions
5- Evaluating the suggested solutions
6- Solving the problem
You’ll be given a problem - try to apply these steps in order to solve it.
(Raths, et al., 1986)
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