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Do Now:. Grab Agenda 3:4 ( Weebly or Out Box) and a map. Go to http://tinyurl.com/o575yfv Complete and submit. Objective: Exploration. WHII.4a-b

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Do now
Do Now:

Grab Agenda 3:4 (Weebly or Out Box) and a map.

Go to http://tinyurl.com/o575yfv

Complete and submit.


Objective exploration
Objective:Exploration

WHII.4a-b

TSWDK of the impact of the European Age of Discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia by explaining the roles and economic motivations of explorers and conquistadores and by describing the influence of religion.


Exploration
Exploration

  • Notable Explorers

  • Why?


Notable explorers
Notable Explorers

Vasco da Gama

  • Sailed for Portugal


Notable explorers1
Notable Explorers

Vasco da Gama

  • Sailed for Portugal

  • 1498, led first overseas voyage to India

  • Cruel


Notable explorers2
Notable Explorers

Christopher Columbus

  • Italian

  • Sailed for Spain under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

  • Search for western route to the Indies


Notable explorers3
Notable Explorers

Christopher Columbus

  • Italian

  • Sailed for Spain under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

  • Search for western route to the Indies

  • Set sail from Spain on three small ships August 1492

  • October 12, 1492, landed on tiny island (Columbus named San Salvador) claimed for Spain


Notable explorers4
Notable Explorers

“It appears to me that the people [the Native Americans who met Columbus] are ingenious [clever], and would be good servants and I am of the opinion that they would very readily become Christians, as they have no religion. They very quickly learn such words as they are spoken to them.”

-Christopher Columbus, 1492

What does Columbus think about the indigenous peoples (natives)? Explain.

So why is it called “America” and not “Columbia”?


Notable explorers5
Notable Explorers

Hernando Cortez

  • Sailed for Spain

  • Not an explorer…


Notable explorers6
Notable Explorers

Hernando Cortez

  • Sailed for Spain

  • Not an explorer… a conqueror!

  • Conquistador = ?


Notable explorers7
Notable Explorers

Hernando Cortez

  • Sailed for Spain

  • Not an explorer… a conqueror!

  • Conquistador = Spanish conqueror


Notable explorers8
Notable Explorers

Hernando Cortez

  • Sailed for Spain

  • Not an explorer… a conqueror!

  • Conquistador = Spanish conqueror

  • 1518, landed in Central America.


Notable explorers9
Notable Explorers

Hernando Cortez

  • Sailed for Spain

  • Not an explorer… a conqueror!

  • Conquistador = Spanish conqueror

  • 1518, landed in Central America.

  • 1519, invaded Mexico and conquered the Aztec Empire

How is it that a few hundred Spanish soldiers were able to subjugate an entire nation?


Notable explorers10
Notable Explorers

Francisco Pizarro

  • Sailed for Spain


Notable explorers11
Notable Explorers

Francisco Pizarro

  • Sailed for Spain

  • 1530, led an expedition into present-day Peru


Notable explorers12
Notable Explorers

Francisco Pizarro

  • Sailed for Spain

  • 1530, led an expedition into present-day Peru

  • 1533, conquered the Incan Empire


Notable explorers13
Notable Explorers

Ferdinand Magellan

  • Sailed for Spain


Notable explorers14
Notable Explorers

Ferdinand Magellan

  • Sailed for Spain

  • 1519 set out from Spain with 5 ships across the Atlantic

  • Reached the Philippine Islands in 1521, where he died – not eaten by cannibals!

  • 1522, one ship and 18 crew members returned to Spain

  • First to circumnavigate (go around the world) the Earth


Notable explorers15
Notable Explorers

Francis Drake

  • Sailed for England


Notable explorers16
Notable Explorers

Francis Drake

  • Sailed for England

  • 1579, second to circumnavigate the Earth

  • Claimed land for England (ignoring the fact that most of it was already claimed by Spain)


Notable explorers17
Notable Explorers

Francis Drake

  • Sailed for England

  • 1579, second to circumnavigate the Earth

  • Claimed land for England (ignoring the fact that most of it was already claimed by Spain)

  • Known by the Spanish as a pirate


Notable explorers18
Notable Explorers

Jacques Cartier

  • Sailed for France


Notable explorers19
Notable Explorers

Jacques Cartier

  • Sailed for France

  • 1534-1536, explored and mapped the St. Lawrence River (claimed Canada for France)


Do now
Why?

Glory

  • Fame

  • Expansion of empires

  • Empire with most colonies is the most powerful!


Do now
Why?

Glory

  • Fame

  • Expansion of empires

  • Empire with most colonies is the most powerful!

    Gold

  • Main impetus (reason, motivation) for trade

  • Other precious metals exported from the Americas to Europe and Asia


Do now
Why?

God

  • One motive for exploration was to spread the Christian religion.


Do now
Why?

God

  • One motive for exploration was to spread the Christian religion.

  • Means of diffusion of Christianity:

    • Migration of colonies to new lands

    • Influence of Catholic and Protestant colonists, who carried faith, language, and cultures to new lands


Do now
Why?

God

  • One motive for exploration was to spread the Christian religion.

  • Means of diffusion of Christianity:

    • Migration of colonies to new lands

    • Influence of Catholic and Protestant colonists, who carried faith, language, and cultures to new lands

    • Conversion of indigenous = ?


Do now
Why?

God

  • One motive for exploration was to spread the Christian religion.

  • Means of diffusion of Christianity:

    • Migration of colonies to new lands

    • Influence of Catholic and Protestant colonists, who carried faith, language, and cultures to new lands

    • Conversion of indigenous (= native) peoples


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • The expanding economies of European states stimulated increased trade with markets in Asia.

  • In 1453, European nations fronting the Atlantic sought new maritime routes for trade.

  • Factors contributing to the European discovery of lands in the Western Hemisphere include:

    • Demand for gold, spices, and natural resources in Europe

    • Support for the diffusion of Christianity

    • Political and economic competition between European empires

    • (Innovations of European and Islamic origin in navigational arts)

    • (Pioneering role of Prince Henry the Navigator


Conclusion1
Conclusion

  • The establishment of these overseas empires began the decimation of indigenous populations.

    • Portugal: Vasco da Gama

    • Spain: Christopher Columbus, Hernando Cortez, Francisco Pizarro, Ferdinand Magellan

    • England: Francis Drake

    • France: Jacques Cartier

      For more info: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjEGncridoQ&edufilter=Db24N54Eu_vpe4P65Iz5FA&safe=active

      Exit Question: Index Card or http://tinyurl.com/p5r24ru


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