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Californian Protea Association & Chrysal An Update on post harvesting. Date: October 2013 Location: Resendiz Bros. Protea Growers, Fallbrook, Ca. By: Rolf Timmerman Technical Manager Manager. Content. Chrysal Company Profile R&D Protea Available Products Flower Food.

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Californian Protea Association

&

Chrysal

An Update on post harvesting

Date: October 2013

Location: Resendiz Bros. Protea Growers,

Fallbrook, Ca

By: Rolf Timmerman

Technical Manager Manager


Content
Content

  • Chrysal

  • Company Profile

  • R&D

  • Protea

  • Available Products

  • Flower Food


Company profile
Company Profile

  • Worldwide staff of over 200 people (in Holland, Nordics, UK, Germany, France, USA, Canada, Colombia, Ecuador, China, Japan and Kenya)

  • Offices in US, UK, Germany, China & France

  • Production sites in Holland, Colombia, Ecuador, Japan & Sweden

  • R&D centers in Holland, Japan & Colombia - (Staff of 14)

  • Technical Consultants in Europe, USA, Latin America, Asia & Africa (Staff of 16)

  • No.1 in Post Harvest products in Europe, the Americas and Japan


Chrysal international headquarters in naarden the netherlands
CHRYSAL INTERNATIONALHeadquarters in Naarden, The Netherlands


R & D

  • Lab Activities:

  • Applied research

  • Formulaimprovement

  • Benchmarktestingcompetitorproducts

  • Developregionalspecificformulations


Flower test rooms
FLOWER TEST ROOMS

Over 500

tests per

year

Colombia

Holland

Climate Conditions

Temp Controlled: 20C

Relative Humidity: 60%

12 hrs - Light / Dark

Over Pressure: no ethylene


Post harvest issue s protea
Post Harvest Issue(s) Protea

  • Leaf blackening!

  • Bract browning

  • Botrytis

  • Flower quality


Why is leaf browning
Why is Leaf Browning?

  • Still a mystery ? A little less now …. SUGAR!

  • Under fertilizing during Growing?

  • Immature cut stage?

  • Lack of (sun) light?

  • Flower development complicated, requires tremendous amount of energy

  • Long transportation time from Harvest  Consumer


Sugar loving cut flowers
Sugar Loving Cut-Flowers

  • Lisianthus

  • Galdiolus

  • Tuberrose

  • Tight Cut Sunflowers

  • Viburnum

  • Bird of Paradise

  • Baby breath

  • Brodiaea

  • Protea species


Sugar types
Sugar “Types”

  • Glucose

  • Fructose

  • Sucrose

  • Xylose

  • Etc…


South africa @ growers level
South Africa@ growers level

  • Stellenbosch university still developing optimal treatment…

  • Some growers in South Africa do use Chrysal Professional 3

  • some also use Chrysal professional 2

  • Others do nothing, so more education still required.

  • 1 grower is trying Chrysal RVB non-clear and adding glucose


Netherlands uk @ receivers end
Netherlands & UK@ receivers end

  • Specialty Importers places product on Professional 3 solution upon arrival (Oudendijk / OZ import)

  • “General” importers; Bouquet Companies places Product on Chrysal Professional 2

  • For auction supply now Professional 3 is compulsory!

  • Lighting in cooler not common

  • Stored in Cooler at 2º C or 34 F


Usa practices @ growers level
USA Practices@ growers Level

  • Just plain water?

  • Other ideas or experiences!


Vase life Protea

Treatment: Chrysal Clear Professional 3 liquid

Total vase life: 20 days

Photo taken: day 13

Treatment: water

Total vase life: 12 days

Photo taken: day 13


Available products
AVAILABLE PRODUCTS


Chrysal professional 3 vase solution
Chrysal Professional # 3 Vase Solution

  • Has a higher food level!

  • The Carbohydrates in product is 100% GLUCOSE

  • Prevents Leaf Blackening on Protea

  • Ensures long lasting, more vibrant flowers

  • Develops shape, color and scent

  • Keeps vase water clear, clean and odorless

  • Leaves no sediment or cloudy residue

  • Works in all water qualities

  • Dosing rate: 10 gr/liter (~ 1.3 ounce / Gallon)

  • Lowers the water pH


Sugar
Sugar

  • Whynotjustsugar?

  • Bacterialovesugar:

  • the more sugar the more bacteria ->

  • Stem blockage -> no water uptake -> nosugaruptake!

  • In Professional 3 next to the sugar:

  • - Acidifier

  • Mix of desinfactants

  • Optimaldosage is key!!!


Approximate volume weight units of sugar per one 1 gallon 4 liters of flower food solution
Approximate volume & weight units of sugar per one (1) gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solution


Chrysal professional 2 processing solution
Chrysal gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solution Professional # 2 Processing Solution

  • Liquid solution for Shipping / Display period

  • Hydrates flowers to prevent wilting

  • Keeps bucket water clean for up to 6 days

  • Limited amount of food

  • Lowers water pH

  • Clear, clean & odorless solution

  • Reduces flower waste

  • No need to re-cut stems

  • Saves labor & water

  • Available in 5ml and 10ml formula


Chrysal professional 1 5 qt t bag
Chrysal Professional 1.5 Qt. T-BAG gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solution

  • Low dose holding solution

  • Designed for the display period

  • Easy to use – No guesswork

  • Accurate dosing vs. Dosatrons

  • Visual control - Stays in bucket

  • Dissolves in minutes – No waiting

  • Reduces your shrink

  • Reusable for up to 6 days

3 Simple Steps


2 Methods of Dosing Chrysal Clear gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solution

Liquid or T-Bag

  • Easy to use

  • Provides nutrients

  • Keeps water clean & clear

  • Makes flowers last longer

Add Water


Flower food packets
Flower Food Packets gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solution

  • Full dose flower food for consumer use at home

  • Keeps stems firm, leaves green and helps buds open

  • Dissolves completely - Perfect for clear vases

  • Keeps vase water clean and clear

  • Available in Generic & Specialty formulations

  • Maximizes vase life and value for your customers

  • Consistent results are achieved when Chrysal is used on every bouquet you sell

  • Give away extra packets with each flower purchase


FLOWER SOLUTIONS gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solutionDo they matter??


What is Flower Food? gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solution

  • Acidifiers lower pH of tap water

  • Clarifiers keep pollution in check

  • Nutrients provide energy for opening and holding in vase


Wax flower
Wax gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solutionflower

  • VeryEthylenescensitive!

  • Bud, flowers and leavesabortion

  • Recommendation: AVB (STS)

  • Dosage: 1 cc/liter

  • Always first drink!

  • Re-cut stem first

  • Usevery clean water

  • Usevery clean buckets


Wax flower1
Wax gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solutionflower

  • Treatment time: minimum 2 hours, outsidecooler

  • Minimum 4 hours in cooler.

  • Idealyovernighttreatment

  • Whenvery clean practices: re-usepossible

  • Sometimesstillbud drop (after long transport or transport withvariabletemperatures): more stress = more Ethylene!

  • Extra Insurance: EthyleneBuster sachets (1-MCP)

  • Add 2 sachet in a box


Thank you
Thank you! gallon (~4 liters) of flower food solution


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