Sociology 12. Subculture and Counterculture. Outcome. •Investigate the existence of subcultures and countercultures in Canadian society. Subculture. Definition of Subculture : a. the cultural values and behavioral patterns distinctive of a particular group in a society.
Subculture and Counterculture
•Investigate the existence of subcultures and countercultures in Canadian society.
Definition of Subculture:
a. the cultural values and behavioral patterns distinctive of a particular group in a society.
b. a group having social, economic, ethnic, or other traits distinctive enough to distinguish it from others within the same culture or society.
Perceived as having both positive and negative effects on society.
Subcultures can exist or divide through a multitude of dimensions :
Ethnic or racial background
Social groups and clubs
How do you perceive the effects of subculture within your environment?
Are you a member of a subculture? If so, what role do you believe that it plays in your social interactions?
Tools and Equipment
Generally perceived in a positive manner
Its what makes Canadian culture so unique
Strengthens social groups (a sense of belonging)
the culture and lifestyle of those people, especially among the young, who reject or oppose the dominant values and behavior of society.
Can have negative societal effects
Can have a negative origin
Exists on a multitude of levels (political, personal, social, etc)
FLQ , 1960’s
FLQ stands for Front de Libération du Québec
This was a group of radical nationalists that began in the 1960's
This group believed that armed insurrection of violent rebellion was what they had to do to achieve their goals.
October Crisis 1970
Terrorists attacks are an extreme example of how counterculture can destroy the very glue that bonds society together, our sense of security and unity.
Known for racial hatred, but extends to gender and beyond.
No known national organization but linked to gang affiliates: Heritage Front (1989), Aryan Resistance Movement, Northern Hammerskins.
Linked to organized crime, murder, drugs, extortion, etc.
Motto "When we do right, nobody remembers. When we do wrong, nobody forgets".
From a political perspective Counterculture materializes in society according to government/societal approval.
Adverse political decisions can lead to a distinct counter-culture
One of the truest forms of perceived counterculture in the 60’s was the development of a society of people who were referred to as hippies.
These individuals were seen as counter productive to the goals/ways of North American society.