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ICRC ACTION . In Latin America & the Caribbean by Angela Gussing ICRC Head of Operations for Latin America & the Caribbean . ICRC IN LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN WHAT AND WHY?. Action in armed conflicts (present and past) Protection of civilian population and detainees

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Icrc action

ICRC ACTION

In Latin America

& the Caribbean

by Angela Gussing

ICRC Head of Operations for Latin America & the Caribbean


Icrc in latin america caribbean what and why
ICRC IN LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN WHAT AND WHY?

Action in armed conflicts (present and past)

  • Protection of civilian population and detainees

  • Assistance to people affected by armed conflict

  • Action in relation to the MISSING

  • National Society as primary and strategic partner

    Activities regarding internal violence

  • Work with Police & Armed forces on use of force

  • Support NSocieties action (specific events+situations)

  • Work with youth in specific schools

  • Work on places of detention

    Reference institution for IHL and NIHA

  • Promotion & integration of Int. Humanitarian Law

  • Actor specifically neutral + independent (accepted by all)


The icrc in the region global picture
THE ICRC IN THE REGIONGLOBAL PICTURE

  • Country delegations

    • Colombia, Haiti

  • Regional delegations

    • Mexico, BUE, Lima, Caracas

  • Country offices

    • Guatemala, Brasilia

  • Resources for 2008

    • Budget CHF 55 mio,

    • 87 Expatriate staff

    • 407 Nacional staff


Humanitarian consequences of armed conflict colombia
HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES OF ARMED CONFLICT - COLOMBIA

  • EXTENSIVE PROTECTION APPROACH

  • VITAL ASSISTANCE TO CONFLICT VICTIMS

  • INTEGRATED MINE ACTION APPROACH

  • EXTENSIVE PARTNERSHIP - COLOMBIAN RC


HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES OF PAST ARMED CONFLICTSHaiti, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Guatemala, Salvador, Nicaragua…

  • MISSING

    • Support to families and re-establishing family links

    • Support to forensic activities

    • Verifying information and cross-checking

    • Support to national mechanisms

    • Support to NGO's and civil society involved

  • PRISONERS

    • Regular visits to prisoners throughout region

    • Support to and contact with families

    • Support authorities to improve detention conditions


HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES OF OTHER SITUATIONS OF VIOLENCEICRC in Haiti, Mexico, Lima, Buenos Aires, Caracas

  • Work with police and army (dialogue, integration)

  • Visiting security detainees

  • Support to improve detention conditions

  • Support to and contact with families

  • Support NS to work in urban environments

    • First aid, emergency evacuations, burials

    • Safer Access for volunteers carrying out activities

  • Schools – work with youth on violence issues

    • Introduction in schools of Exploring Humanitarian Law – work on curricula and training of teachers


Reference ihl niha all delegations
REFERENCE IHL & NIHAAll delegations

  • PROMOTION OF IHL

    • Armed forces, police, universities, national authorities, OAS

  • NATIONAL LEGISLATION

    • Ratification of international treaties

    • Law on RC/RC emblems

    • War crimes

    • Impunity

    • Missing

  • OPERATIONAL COMMUNICATION – ALL ACTORS

    • Promotion of RC/RC, Principles, modus operandi

  • GOOD OFFICES

    • Returning hostages to families

    • Restituting bodies to families


Icrc priorities in latin america and the caribbean
ICRC PRIORITIES In Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Internal armed conflict in Colombia

  • « Other situation of violence » in Haiti

  • "Missing", in Peru, Guatemala, Colombia, Chile, Arg.

  • Engage more in "other situations of Violence"

    • Violence in cities, indigenous, prisons, demonstrations)

    • Operational dialogue on "Use of force in situations of Internal disturbance and other situations of internal violence"


THANK YOU !

QUESTIONS…? COMMENTS…?


PROTECTION

  • EXTENSIVE RANGE OF PROTECTION ACTIVITIES

    • Regular visits to all places of detention

    • Dealing with summary executions+death threats

    • Missing file (support to authorities, civil soc.)

    • Supporting families (prisoners, missing)

    • Tracing and re-unifying families


ASSISTANCE

  • Emergency assistance to approx. 70’000 IDPs / year

  • Small agro projects for IDPs and residents

  • Rehabilitation small infrastructure–schools, waterwells

  • Health assistance to victims of mines and sexual violence

  • Enabling health structures to reach remote areas

  • Support to government structures of assistance to IDPs


Cooperation ns
COOPERATION (NS)

AN ESSENTIAL PARTNERSHIP IN ACTION

  • Assistance to individual IDPs in 6 towns

  • UXO and Mine action

  • Promotion of IHL and HR

  • Tracing

  • Safer Access for CRC volunteers


PROMOTION OF IHL

ACTIVITIES

  • Integration into military and Police training

  • Sensitization of organised armed groups

  • Integration of IHL into national legislation

  • IHL integration into University programmes

  • Sensitization of media and journalists

OBJECTIVES

Respect and implement IHL

Enable ICRC action + access to victims


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