Effective presentations
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Effective Presentations. Dr Sean Dodd . How is a Presentation structured?. The same as any report or essay: Introduction Main body Conclusion. Activity 1. Consider: Imagine you were in a lecture with a guest speaker instead of your normal lecturer

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Effective presentations

Effective Presentations

Dr Sean Dodd


How is a presentation structured

How is a Presentation structured?

  • The same as any report or essay:

    • Introduction

    • Main body

    • Conclusion


Activity 1

Activity 1

Consider:

  • Imagine you were in a lecture with a guest speaker instead of your normal lecturer

  • Identify what you would want to know before you could relax and start listening


Is the introduction the same as for a report or essay

Is the Introduction the same as for a report or essay?....

Yes, but there are extra requirements:

First you should:

  • Introduce the members in the project group

  • Indicate each member’s contribution

    • Enables the audience to acclimatise themselves to listening to you

      • This is like looking at the cover of the book before reading


Is the introduction the same as for a written report or essay

….Is the Introduction the same as for a written Report or Essay?

Then you should:

  • Introduce the Presentation material as you would a Report or Essay:

    • Explain the question

    • Provide necessary back ground

    • Explain technical terms

    • Explain the structure of the response


Activity 2

Activity 2:

Consider:

  • How good are you at remembering the content of lectures?

  • What sort of thing do you remember?

  • What sort of thing do you forget?

  • Why?


How does preparing a presentation differ from writing a report or essay

How does preparing a Presentation differ from writing a Report or Essay?

  • Listening to the spoken word can be hard to follow, so:

    • Avoid very technical details

      • Include these in a handout

      • Consider level of expertise in the audience

  • You must consider the technique of speaking

  • You should support your Presentation with slides


What is the technique of speaking

What is the ‘Technique of Speaking’?

  • Make yourself easy to listen to:

    • Speak clearly

    • Make sure the pace is appropriate

    • Get the volume right

      • Too loud is as bad as too quiet

    • If your voice is heavily accented, practice

    • Use intonation in your voice


How else can i make it interesting

How else can I make it Interesting?

  • Use appropriate body language:

    • Look around at your audience

    • Smile

    • Stand tall - look confident

      Do not:

    • Turn round and read off the screen

      • Read off your notes or the computer monitor

    • Bury your head in your notes

      • Keep notes brief and be familiar with their content


Why are slides important

Why are Slides Important?

  • Slides should support the presentation

    • Not dominate it

  • Well prepared slides can help the speaker

    • They can act as your notes

    • You can add detail that help the audience follow your argument

      • E.g. numbers


Activity 3

Activity 3

Consider:

  • Consider the slides that have been used in lectures that you have attended

  • What made slides good?


What makes a good presentation

What makes a Good Presentation?

  • Avoid using too many words on each slide

  • Try to think for the audience

    • The slide should aid:- comprehensionconcentrationthe memory

  • Do apply a background as appropriate


What makes a good presentation1

What makes a Good Presentation?

  • Avoid using too many words on each slide

  • Try to think for the audience

    • The slide should aid:- comprehensionconcentrationthe memory

  • Do apply a background as appropriate


How can slides help your audience concentrate

How can Slides help your Audience Concentrate?

  • Make the slides interesting

  • Use animations to enhance the presentation

    • But do not over-do it

  • Use space to organise concepts


Activity 4

Activity 4.

Improve this slide.

  • Practise your group Presentation with your group members. You should time yourself and complete the eight slides within 10 minutes. You should stop when 10 minutes is up.

  • Ensure that each member of your group participates in the Presentation


Activity 4 an improved version

Activity 4.An Improved Version:

  • Practise your Presentation with your group members

    • Time yourself:

      • Complete all eight slides within 10 minutes(You should stop when 10 minutes is up)

  • Ensure that each member of your group participates in the Presentation


How can slides help you

How can Slides help You?

  • They can help you present your material fluently

  • A problem occurs at the end of each slide

    • -- what comes next?

      • Print a handout to remind you, or

      • Annotate your notes

      • Practice


Problem presentations

Problem Presentations

  • The following problems are all typical errors made by students delivering Presentations for assessment

  • Nothing is exaggerated


Presenting with powerpoint

Presenting with PowerPoint

Nice Background

Consistent font colour used throughout

Far Too Much Information On One Slide For The Reader To See Comfortably

ButEvery Animation Different

DISTRACTING

Nothing Aligned

Variety of Fonts


Problems with clipart

Problems with ClipArt

Poor colour choice

Does not ‘fit’ the background

Overcrowded


Activity 5

Activity 5.

Consider:

  • What skills are required when giving a group Presentation?

  • Should anything else be considered?


In summary

In Summary

  • The structure is similar to the written word

  • The Introduction must introduce the group and topic

  • Detail must be supported by a separate handout

  • The manner of delivery must aid comprehension and keep the attention of the audience

  • Slides must be supportive and clear


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