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Nazi Germany. Hitler’s Rise to Power Hitler’s Fascist Dictatorship. http://travel.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-577490-map_of_austria-i. Born in 1889 In Austria near Linz in the NW Middle Class family Dropped out of school at the age of 14 Moved to Vienna to become an artist. Vienna.

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Nazi germany

Nazi Germany

Hitler’s Rise to Power

Hitler’s Fascist Dictatorship


Nazi germany

http://travel.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-577490-map_of_austria-i

  • Born in 1889 In Austria near Linz in the NW

  • Middle Class family

  • Dropped out of school at the age of 14

  • Moved to Vienna to become an artist


Vienna

Vienna

  • Sought to become an artist

  • Failed test to be admitted to the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts

  • Mayor Karl Lueger

  • Hitler admired Lueger, a powerful politician, for his speech making skills and effective use of propaganda in gaining popular appeal. He also admired Lueger's skill in manipulating established institutions such as the Catholic Church. He studied Lueger carefully and modeled some of his later behavior on what he learned.

Hitler’s 1st Vienna Apartment

Hitler’s Art

http://smoter.com/teenaged.htm


Hitler in world war i

Hitler in World War I

  • Hitler volunteered at age 25 by enlisting in a Bavarian Regiment. After its first engagement against the British and Belgians near Ypres, 2500 of the 3000 men in the Hitler's regiment were killed, wounded or missing. Hitler escaped without a scratch. Throughout most of the war, Hitler had great luck avoiding life threatening injury. More than once he moved away from a spot where moments later a shell exploded killing or wounding everyone.

  • Corporal Hitler was a dispatch runner, taking messages back and forth from the command staff in the rear to the fighting units near the battlefield. During lulls in the fighting he would take out his watercolors and paint the landscapes of war.

Hitler as a corporal


The german workers party

The German Workers Party

  • The German Army was worried that it was a left-wing revolutionary group and sent Adolf Hitler, one of its education officers, to spy on the organization. Hitler discovered that the party's political ideas were similar to his own. Although there as a spy, Hitler could not restrain himself when a member made a point he disagreed with, and he stood up and made a passionate speech on the subject.


Nazi party

Nazi Party

  • He encouraged national pride, militarism, and a commitment to the Volk and a racially "pure" Germany. Hitler condemned the Jews, exploiting anti-Semitic feelings that had prevailed in Europe for centuries. He changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers' Party, called for short, the Nazi Party (or NSDAP)

http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/timeline/nazirise.htm


The sa

The SA

  • In 1921 Adolf Hitler formed his own private army called Sturm Abteilung (Storm Section). The SA (also known as stormtroopers or brownshirts) were instructed to disrupt the meetings of political opponents and to protect Hitler from revenge attacks. Captain Ernst Roehm of the Bavarian Army played an important role in recruiting these men, and became the SA's first leader.

  • The SA wore grey jackets, brown shirts, swastika armbands, ski-caps, knee-breeches, thick woolen socks and combat boots. Accompanied by bands of musicians and carrying swastika flags, they would parade through the streets of Munich. At the end of the march Hitler would make one of his passionate speeches that encouraged his supporters to carry out acts of violence against Jews and his left-wing political opponents.


Beer hall putsch

Beer Hall Putsch

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERbeer.htm


Mein kampf

Mein Kampf

A State which, in an epoch of racial adulteration, devotes itself to the duty of preserving the best elements of its racial stock must one day become ruler of the Earth.


Eva braun per g period request

Eva Braun per G period Request


The great speaker

The Great Speaker


The nazi party s rise to power 1928 1933

The Nazi Party’s Rise to Power: 1928-1933

  • In 1928 Hitler’s Nazi Party were a small, insignificant party. They enjoyed little success in elections and were viewed as little more than thugs by the political elite. By 1933 however Hitler was the chancellor of Germany. The Nazi’s had risen from obscurity to power, total power.


Nazi germany

Number of Unemployed

19282 million

1929 2.5 million

19303 million

19315 million

19326 million


Why was hitler made chancellor

Why was Hitler made Chancellor?

  • Public demanded improvements

  • Nazi Party were largest party in Reichstag

  • Hindendburg and von Papen thought Hitler could be controlled

  • Hitler was a national figure after the 1932 Presidential campaign (he came second to Hindendburg but had a large proportion of the vote)

www.schoolshistory.org.uk/worksheets/Presentations/Hitler/The%20Nazi%20Party%92s%20Rise%20to%20Power.ppt


Nazi germany

Nazi Election Results


Nazi germany

http://www1.yadvashem.org/Odot/prog/image_into.asp?id=3434&lang=EN&type_id=8&addr=/IMAGE_TYPE/3434.GIF


Nazi germany

http://www1.yadvashem.org/Odot/prog/image_into.asp?id=3432&lang=EN&type_id=8&addr=/IMAGE_TYPE/3432.GIF


Hitler inaugural address

Hitler Inaugural Address


How did hitler consolidate power

The Reichstag Fire

Creates a climate that Hitler can manipulate for his on ends

The Enabling Act

Hitler uses Article 48 to create a State of Emergency. The act effectively ends democracy in Germany.

The Night of the Long Knives

Opposition from within the party is removed: violently. The SA is ‘purged’.

Hitler used his position, and the frailties and subsequent death of Hindendburg, to engineer a Nazi take over of government. He makes use of Article 48 to legitimise the end of democracy before radically altering the structure of government. Soon opposition is banned and Germany has a one party state. Pressure groups, such as Trade unions, are also banned. This Nazi ‘Revolution’ is secured as a result of the removal of all possible threats to nazi rule: the SA, the army and political parties are all ‘dealt with’ by the end of 1934.

How did Hitler consolidate power?

www.schoolshistory.org.uk/worksheets/Presentations/Hitler/The%20Nazi%20Party%92s%20Rise%20to%20Power.ppt


Results of the night of the long knives

Results of the Night of the Long Knives

Hitler made himself President as well as Chancellor, a new role called ‘Der Fuehrer’.

He also made himself head of the armed forces, who had to swear an oath of loyalty to him.

He was now in complete control.

  • Over 1,000 opponents were killed.

In August, President Hindenburg died.

www.learnhistory.org.uk/The%20Night%20of%20the%20Long%20Knives.ppt


The fuehrer oath

The Fuehrer Oath

I swear by almighty God this sacred oath:

I will render unconditional obedience

to the Fuehrer of the German Reich and people, Adolf Hitler,

Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht,

and, as a brave soldier,

I will be ready

at any time

to stake my life

for this oath."

www.learnhistory.org.uk/The%20Night%20of%20the%20Long%20Knives.ppt


Nazi germany

SS head Heinrich Himmler, SA Chief of Staff Viktor Lutze, Deputy Führer Rudolf Hess and Adolf Hitler salute their followers.


Hitler as chancellor

Hitler as Chancellor


Impact of hitler s policies on unemployment

Impact of Hitler’s Policies on Unemployment

www.kgv.edu.hk/history/Y10-11/Nazis/Unemployment1929_1933.ppt


How did hitler put germany back to work

How did Hitler put Germany back to work?

www.kgv.edu.hk/history/Y10-11/Nazis/Unemployment1929_1933.ppt


Nazi germany

http://www1.yadvashem.org/Odot/prog/image_into.asp?id=3421&lang=EN&type_id=8&addr=/IMAGE_TYPE/3421.GIF


How did the nazis establish a dictatorship

How did the Nazis establish a dictatorship?

1933-39

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Propaganda

Propaganda


Joseph goebbels 1897 1945

Joseph Goebbels (1897-1945)

  • Suffered from polio as a child

  • 1925, joined Nazis

  • Responsible for electoral campaigns

  • 1933, Minister for Public Enlightenment & Propaganda

  • 1934, Night of Long Knives

Why did the Nazi authorities ban publication of this photo during the War?

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Newspapers

Newspapers

  • 1933 there were 4,700 daily newspapers, 3% controlled by Nazi Party

  • 1944 997 daily newspapers, 82% controlled by Nazi Party

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Radio

Radio

  • Cheap radios Volksempfänger

  • Between 1932-9 the number of families with radios rose from 25% to 70%

  • “the spiritual weapon of the totalitarian state” (Goebbels)

Workers listening to a Hitler broadcast. How useful is this picture to historians studying the impact of Nazi propaganda?

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Rallies

Rallies

  • September 1933-38, Nuremberg rallies

  • Mixture of public spectacle, military parade & propaganda

  • Festivals and celebrations, e.g. Hitler’s Birthday, Munich Putsch Day

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Police state

Police State

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Heinrich himmler 1900 1945

Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945)

  • Former chicken farmer from Prussia

  • Headed SS (Hitler’s bodyguard)

  • Headed the Gestapo (secret police)

  • 1934, 50,000 SS members

What does Himmler’s background tell you about the Nazi party?

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Terror

Terror

  • Used terror to intimidate and remove opposition

  • Concentration camps –for Jews, political opponents, racially impure, morally deviant

Jewish men and women in a Nazi concentration camp. What symbol are they wearing on their clothes? Why have they been made to wear this?

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Persecution of minorities

Persecution of minorities

  • July 1933, compulsory sterilization of mentally ill

  • Secret euthanasia program

  • ‘asocials’ homosexuals, gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses & criminals

Still from German propaganda film, Erbkrank (Hereditary Illness), made in 1935

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Courts

Courts

  • Abolished right of trial before imprisonment

  • Judges replaced by Nazi supporters

  • By 1939, 162,000 Germans imprisoned without trial, 500 sentenced to death

What is the artist of this satirical cartoon trying to say?

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Nazi control of society

Nazi control of society

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Education

Education

How can we tell this is a Nazi classroom?

  • Syllabus & textbooks changed to reflect Nazi ideas on race & German history

  • Compulsory membership of German Teacher’s League

  • Leadership schools (Adolf Hitler Schools)

Baldur von Schirach, Hitler Youth Leader

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Hitler youth

Hitler Youth

  • Established Hitler Youth (Hitler Jugend, HJ)1925

  • 1939, 8 million members

  • Camping, hiking, singing folk songs, military training & physical fitness

  • By 1936 membership compulsory

  • German Girls’ League

This could be you 70 years ago!

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


The church

The Church

  • Many Nazis anti-Christian but unwilling to provoke conflict with Church

  • June 1933, Catholic Church signed ‘Concordat’ (understanding)

  • Protestant Churches combined into pro-Nazi Reich Church, ‘The swastika on our breast and the cross in our hearts”

Reich Church symbol

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Hitler targets jews

Hitler Targets Jews

  • In Mein Kampf Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany’s economic problems & its defeat in WWI

  • By the end of 1934, most Jewish lawyers, doctors, professors, civil servants, and musicians had lost their jobs and the right to practice their professions.

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Persecution of jews

Persecution of Jews

  • 1933, 500,000 Jews in Germany (less than 1% of population)

  • April 1933 boycott of Jewish businesses

  • September 1935, Nuremberg Laws banned mixed marriage & German citizenship for Jews, enforced wearing of Star of David

Why did the Nazis hate the Jews?

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Nazi germany

Member of Hitler Youth, drawing Star of David on Jewish shop window – 1933.

Jewish pupils intimidated by 'Aryan' classmates – 1933.

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Scientific determination of jews

“Scientific” Determination of Jews

Doctors measuring nose and eyes to assess hereditary racial type

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Nuremberg laws of 1935

Nuremberg Laws of 1935

  • Deprived Jews of all rights of citizenship, jobs, & property.

  • Jews were forced to wear a yellow star of David in the left side of their clothing

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Kristallnacht november 1938

Kristallnacht, November 1938

  • ‘Night of the broken glass’

  • German embassy official killed by Jewish youth

  • Goebbels ordered ‘demonstrations’ against Jewish community

  • 8,000 Jewish homes & shops destroyed, 400 synagogues set on fire, 100 Jews killed, 20,000 arrested

  • Jews ordered to pay 1 billion Reichsmarks in damages

www.igshistoryonline.co.uk/Resources/Establishing%20a%20Nazi%20dictatorship%20-%20presentation.ppt


Kristallnacht

Kristallnacht

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Europe falls to the nazis the holocaust

Europe Falls to the Nazis& the Holocaust

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


S s st louis may 13 1939

S.S. St. Louis May 13, 1939

  • 937 Jewish refugees boarded SS St Louis

  • Destination Cuba but turned away

  • Looked to US for help

  • US turned them back to Europe

  • Many of the passengers will become victims of the Holocaust

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


The holocaust

The Holocaust

The systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe; ~ 6 million were Jews.

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Final solution

“Final Solution”

  • Hitler’s desire to rid Europe of Jews

  • Genocide: deliberate & systematic killing of an entire population.

  • Wanted to purify Europe for his “master race” the Aryan race

  • The Targeted: Jews, communists, gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, mentally/physically disabled, etc.

  • Hitler’s SS rounded up & imprisoned the “undesirables”

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Prelude to the final solution

In 1939, Germany invaded Poland which had a much larger population of 3 million Jews.

In 1941, Germany invaded Russia which had a population of 5 million Jews.

Prelude to the Final Solution

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Einsatzgruppen

Why do you think that they located them here?

Einsatzgruppen

The work of the Einsatzgruppen

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Change of tactics einsatzgruppen

Change of Tactics: Einsatzgruppen

  • Himmler sent four specially trained SS units called “Einsatzgruppen battalions” into German occupied territory and shot at least 1 million Jews.

  • Victims were taken to deserted areas where they were made to dig their own graves and shot.

  • When the SS ran out of bullets they sometimes killed their victims using flame throwers.

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Change of tactics einsatzgruppen1

Change of Tactics: Einsatzgruppen

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


The final solution

The ‘Final Solution’

  • In January 1942, Himmler decided to change tactics once again and called a special conference at Wannsee.

  • At this conference it was decided that the existing methods were too inefficient and that a new ‘Final Solution’ was necessary.

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


The ghettos

The Ghettos

  • In 1939, the Nazis reintroduced to Europe a form of social control abolished in the nineteenth century: the ghetto.

  • Though the term is frequently used to describe an impoverished, segregated urban area, it originally meant the walled-in area of European cities to which Jews were legally restricted.

  • After the Germans conquered Poland, they reestablished Jewish ghettos, first in the city of Lódz.

  • Soon another was decreed in Warsaw, and eventually ghettos could be found in every Nazi-controlled city with a significant Jewish population.

homelink.cps-k12.org/teachers/brownta/files/0F5C3F564AF646C084B937D2BFFB0623.ppt


And worse

And Worse

  • The ghetto was typically surrounded by a wall topped with barbed wire.

  • Entrances were guarded around the clock. Any movement in or out was strictly controlled.

  • Living conditions were vile: Average density per dilapidated room was 13 people. Plumbing and sewage facilities were overburdened, and the stench fouled the air.

  • Slow starvation was common: While a German in Warsaw consumed about 2,310 calories a day, the average for Jews was 184. Mothers often hid children for days after their deaths in order to get their food rations.

  • Before long, those who had not already perished of disease or starvation were carted off to death camps like Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen and Treblinka.

homelink.cps-k12.org/teachers/brownta/files/0F5C3F564AF646C084B937D2BFFB0623.ppt


Where were the ghettos located

Where were the ghettos located?

mage.geog.macalester.edu/mngeog/MnCitiesLessons05/GhettoCity.Beck/WhatsAGhetto.Beck.ppt


Children dying of starvation in the warsaw ghetto

Children Dying of Starvation in the Warsaw Ghetto

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Concentration camps

Concentration Camps

  • Crammed into barracks & forced to work w/ minimal food

  • Many died of hunger & disease

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Wannsee conference

Wannsee Conference

Women, children, the old & the sick were to be sent for ‘special treatment.’

The young and fit would go through a process called ‘destruction through work.’

Shooting was too inefficient as the bullets were needed for the war effort

On arrival the Jews would go through a process called ‘selection.’

How was the Final Solution going to be organized?

Jews were to be rounded up and put into transit camps called Ghettoes

The remaining Jews were to be shipped to ‘resettlement areas’ in the East.

The Jews living in these Ghettos were to be used as a cheap source of labor.

Conditions in the Ghettos were designed to be so bad that many die whilst the rest would be willing to leave these areas in the hope of better conditions

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


What tactics did the nazis use to get the jews to leave the ghettos

What tactics did the Nazis use to get the Jews to leave the Ghettos?

Deception

New arrivals at the Death camps were given postcards to send to their friends.

Starvation

The Jews were told that they were going to ‘resettlement areas’ in the East.

The Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto were only fed a 1000 calories a day .

Tactics

In some Ghettos the Jews had to purchase their own train tickets.

A Human being needs 2400 calories a day to maintain their weight

Terror

They were told to bring the tools of their trade and pots and pans.

The SS publicly shot people for smuggling food or for any act of resistance

Hungry people are easier to control

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Ss tactics dehumanization

SS Tactics: Dehumanization

  • The SS guards who murdered the Jews were brainwashed with Anti-Semitic propaganda.

  • The Jews were transported in cattle cars in terrible conditions.

  • Naked, dirty and half starved people look like animals, which helped to reinforce the Nazi propaganda.

  • The SS used to train their new guards by encouraging them to set fire to a pit full of live victims – usually children.

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Tactics what happened to new arrivals

Tactics: What happened to new arrivals?

All new arrivals went through a process known as ‘selection.’

At Auschwitz the trains pulled into a mock up of a normal station.

Mothers, children, the old & sick were sent straight to the ‘showers’ which were really the gas chambers.

The Jews were helped off the cattle trucks by Jews who were specially selected to help the Nazis

Deception & Selection

The able bodied were sent to work camp were they were killed through a process known as ‘destruction through work.’

At some death camps the Nazis would play records of classical music to help calm down the new arrivals.

At Auschwitz the new arrivals were calmed down by a Jewish orchestra playing classical music.

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Entrance to auschwitz

Entrance to Auschwitz

Notice how it has been built to resemble a railway station

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Auschwitz orchestra

Auschwitz Orchestra

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Map of auschwitz

Map of Auschwitz

New Arrivals

‘Showers’

‘Destruction Through Work’

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Auschwitz from the air

Auschwitz from the air

Notice how the Death camp is set out like a factory complex

The Nazis used industrial methods to murder the Jews and process their dead bodies

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


The gas chambers

The Gas Chambers

  • The Nazis would force large groups of prisoners into small cement rooms and drop canisters of Zyklon B, or prussic acid, in its crystal form through small holes in the roof.

  • These gas chambers were sometimes disguised as showers or bathing houses.

The SS would try and pack up to 2000 people into this gas chamber

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


The outside of the gas chamber

Notice the Ovens easy located near the Gas Chambers

The outside of the Gas Chamber

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Processing the bodies

Processing the bodies

  • Specially selected Jews known as the sonderkommando were used to to remove the gold fillings and hair of people who had been gassed.

  • The Sonderkommando Jews were also forced to feed the dead bodies into the crematorium.

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


The ovens at dachau

The Ovens at Dachau

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Dead bodies waiting to be processed

Dead bodies waiting to be processed

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Shoes waiting to be processed by the sonderkommando

Shoes waiting to be processed by the sonderkommando

Taken inside a huge glass case in the Auschwitz Museum. This represents one day's collection at the peak of the gassings, about twenty five thousand pairs.

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Was the final solution successful

The Nazis aimed to kill 11 million Jews at the Wannsee Conference in 1941

Today there are only 2000 Jews living in Poland.

The Nazis managed to kill at least 6 million Jews.

Men like Schindler helped Jews escape the Final Solution.

Not all Jews went quietly into the gas chambers.

In 1943, the Warsaw Ghetto, like many others revolted against the Nazis when the Jews realized what was really happening.

Was the Final Solution successful?

www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/indepth/germany/resources/TheHolocaust.ppt


Nazi foreign policy

NAZI Foreign Policy


Lebensraum

Lebensraum

  • Lebensraum: Living space

  • Hitler needed room for his Aryan nation

  • Looks to expand

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Rhineland

Rhineland

  • Following WWI it was a demilitarized area as a buffer zone between Germany & France

  • Under French control

  • March 7, 1936 Nazi troops reoccupied the zone

  • Ethnic Germans lived there

  • Living space/natural resources

  • Unopposed = appeasement

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Occupation of rhineland

Occupation of Rhineland

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Austria

Austria

  • Ethnically German: similar culture, religion, language

  • Hitler “absorbed” Austria through Anschluss or union

  • March 12, 1938 troops invaded Austria unopposed

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Anschluss

Anschluss

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Appeasement

Appeasement

  • Policy by England & France to give into Hitler’s demands in order to keep peace

  • What was appeased?

    • Rhineland

    • Austria

    • Sudetenland

    • Rest of Czechoslovakia

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Sudetenland czechoslovakia

Sudetenland - Czechoslovakia

  • Sept. 30, 1938

  • Sudetenland portion of Czech. ethnic German (western side)

  • Munich Conference: Chamberlain (England) & Hitler made “peace in our time”

  • Hitler agreed Sudetenland last demand

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Sudetenland

Sudetenland

“A Sudeten woman dutifully salutes parading Nazis, October, 1938. The Sudetenland was the portion of Czechoslovakia inhabited by over 3 million Sudeten Germans. Many of them became Nazis and strongly supported the acquisition of the Sudetenland by Hitler.”

www.historyplace.com/ worldwar2/timeline/sudet.htm

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Rest of czechoslovakia

Rest of Czechoslovakia

  • March 15, 1939 German troops took over the rest of Czech.

  • No Germans – Living Space/resources

  • Appeasement

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Non aggression pact

Non-Aggression Pact

  • August 23, 1939

  • Between Germany & Soviet Union

  • Hitler sought to avoid a 2-front war

  • Agreed to not attack one another & to split Poland

  • Agreement surprised all – Hitler hated communists

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Invasion of poland

Invasion of Poland

  • Sept. 1, 1939 German air force (Luftwaffe) & tanks invaded Poland

  • Blitzkrieg: Lightning warfare

  • Britain & France vowed to protect Poland

  • Poland quickly overrun & split

  • Sept. 3, 1939 Britain & France declare war on Germany = WWII had begun

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Invasion of poland1

Invasion of Poland

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Who s at war

Who’s at War?

At this point:

  • Allies = England & France

  • Axis = Germany & Italy

  • Hitler begins his quest across Europe

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Blitzkrieg

Blitzkrieg

  • Maginot Line (France): fortifications built after WWI as protection from invasion

  • Belgium & Neth. overrun

  • German surprise attacks overrun France - allies defeated – surrenders to Nazis

  • Britain next?

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Nazi germany

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Battle of britain

Battle of Britain

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Battle of britain1

Battle of Britain

  • Invasion planned but needed control of airspace 1st (Operation Sea Lion)

  • RAF (Britain’s Royal Air Force) met German airforce (Luftwaffe)

  • Invasion plan failed = terror-bombing

  • British cities “blitzed” by German bombers

  • Britains unwilling to give up – w/stand attack & bombing

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Battle of britain2

Battle of Britain

  • 900+ planes lost in 3 months

  • Fighter pilot life expectancy measured in wks

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


Blitz

Blitz

www.memorial.ecasd.k12.wi.us/.../jbrantner/ushistory/WWII/ppts/Europe%20Falls%20to%20the%20Nazis.ppt


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