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Pre-university Engineering Education in the IEEE. July 2007 Dallas, Texas Moshe Kam Educational Activities. A Few Words about IEEE. IEEE is the largest professional engineering association in the world 367,000 members in 150 countries A 501(c)3 organization in incorporated in New York

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Pre university engineering education in the ieee l.jpg

Pre-university Engineering Education in the IEEE

July 2007

Dallas, Texas

Moshe Kam

Educational Activities


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A Few Words about IEEE

  • IEEE is the largest professional engineering association in the world

    • 367,000 members in 150 countries

    • A 501(c)3 organization in incorporated in New York

  • Originally concentrating on power engineering and communications IEEE at present spans technical interests across the spectrum of technology

    • From nanotechnology to oceanic engineering

  • In many respects IEEE has become “the steward of Engineering”


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In 1884 the Franklin Institute organized the International Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

The Operator, 15 April 1884 “The…exhibition would be attended by foreign electrical savants, engineers, and manufacturers...it would be a lasting disgrace to American electricians if no American electrical national society was in existence to receive them with the honors due them from their co-laborers in the United States."

Thomas Edison, Elihu Thomson, Edwin Houston, and Edward Weston

AIEE’s First Technical Meeting 7-8 October 1884, the Franklin Institute

It all starts in Philadelphia… AIEE


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Early Presidents Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

Alexander G. Bell

Elihu Thomson

Charles Steinmetz

Frank Sprague


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A few more recent Presidents Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

Leah Jamieson Joseph Bordogna Michael Lightner Wallace Read


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Established 1884 Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

An American Organization

Representing the establishment

Rooted in Power Engineering

First computers working group

Now the Computer Society

Established 1908

An international Organization

Open to students, young

professionals

Quick to adopt advances in radar, radio, TV, electronics, computers

Proceedings of the Institute of

Radio Engineers (January 1913)

AIEE IRE

1963: Merger of AIEE and IRE to create IEEE


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What is IEEE? Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

  • A membership organization

  • A major creator and guardian of technical IP

  • A mechanism to bring people of common technical interests together

    • both geographically and disciplinarily

  • A guardian of the future of Engineering

  • An implementer of technology-related public Imperatives


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What is IEEE? Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

  • A membership organization

  • A major creator and guardian of technical IP

  • A mechanism to bring people of common technical interests together

    • both geographically and disciplinarily

  • A guardian of the future of Engineering

  • An implementer of technology-related public Imperatives


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What does IEEE do? Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

  • Publishes literature in engineering, technology and computing

  • Organizes conferences

  • Develops standards

  • Gets engineers and technologists from different locales together

  • Organizes professional activities among engineering students

  • Educates the public about Engineering


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What does IEEE do? Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia

  • Publishes literature in engineering, technology and computing

  • Organizes conferences

  • Develops standards

  • Gets engineers and technologists from different locales together

  • Organizes professional activities among engineering students

  • Educates the public about Engineering


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Why is IEEE interested in pre-university engineering education?

  • Because it is in our stated and un-stated mission

  • Because in many IEEE Sections there is marked decline in the interest of young people in Engineering

    • This is bad for the future of these communities and would have a negative impact on their standard of living

  • Because we do not believe the problem is going to be tackled effectively without us

    • Industry does not appear to be able to address the problem directly

    • Governments do not appear sufficiently concerned (yet)

    • Other engineering associations look up to us


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What is the Problem? education?

  • Flat or declining engineering enrollments in most developed nations

    • Coupled with disappointing performance of youth in Mathematics

    • E.g., “free fall” in Scandinavia

  • Insufficient number of engineers and engineering educational programs in most developing countries

    • Asia is far behind Europe and the US in number of engineers per capita



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What is the Problem? citizens (2004)

  • Women & minority students conspicuously under-represented

  • Public perception of engineers/ engineering/ technology is largely misinformed

    • Resulting in early decisions that block the path of children to Engineering


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Engineering degrees citizens (2004)US: 2005-2006

http://www.asee.org/publications/profiles/upload/2006ProfileEng.pdf


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B.Sc Degrees in Engineering by Gender, US: 2005-2006 citizens (2004)

http://www.asee.org/publications/profiles/upload/2006ProfileEng.pdf


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Engineering Degrees Awarded to women, US: 2005-2006 citizens (2004)

http://www.asee.org/publications/profiles/upload/2006ProfileEng.pdf




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Graduates in Science and Engineering 1966-2004 citizens (2004)

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf07307/tables/tab1.xls


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OECD statistics citizens (2004)

http://stats.oecd.org/wbos/default.aspx?DatasetCode=RGRADSTY


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OECD Program for International Student Assessment citizens (2004)Mathematics, 15 year old students

Finland, Korea, the Netherlands, Japan

The United States



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Who inside IEEE is active in this area? citizens (2004)

  • The IEEE Educational Activities Board (EAB)

  • The IEEE Regional Activities Board (RAB)

  • IEEE-USA


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IEEE’s Pre-University Initiative citizens (2004)

  • 2005-2006 New Initiative

    • “Launching Our Children’s Path to Engineering”

  • Objectives

    • Increase the propensity of young people worldwide to select Engineering as a career path

    • Build a sustained public awareness program, led by IEEE, with broad support of corporations and professional associations

  • Current status: activities are institutionalized in the routine work plan of IEEE


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Objective 1: Engineering in the pre-university classroom citizens (2004)

  • Institutionalization of IEEE Teacher In Service Program

    • IEEE Section engineers develop and present technology-oriented projects to local pre-university educators

    • Emphasis on volunteer-teacher interaction as opposed to volunteer-student interaction

    • Ideally: a sustained program involving several thousand schools every year


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Objective 2: citizens (2004)Engineering Associations, Unite!

  • Center for Pre-University Engineering Education

    • Ideally, the resource of choice for pre-university cooperation with Engineering Associations

    • Ideally, a multi-association organization

      • With partners such as ASCE, ASME, IEE, SEE

      • It is about ENGINEERING, not Electrical Engineering


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Objective 3: Strong On-line presence citizens (2004)

  • New on-line portals for students, teachers, school counselors, and parents

    • Educational and entertaining

      • Focused on the audience

    • From lesson plans for teachers to games for children

    • Ideally, the premier on-line resource on engineering for pre-university students


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On Line Portal citizens (2004)

Tryengineering.org

“Strong On-line presence”


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The Web provides us citizens (2004)with high potential for reachability

  • A successful portal can become a major resource for students, parents, school counselors, and teachers

    • But success is difficult in an ever-crowded medium

  • Effort needs to be coupled with more modern tools

    • Instant messaging, podcasts


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What information citizens (2004)is needed on line?

  • We met with school counselors and Engineering Associations

    • Need on line tools for identifying formal and informal engineering education opportunities

    • Engineering associations that participated in our discussions

      • ACM, AIChE, AIAA, ASME, ASCE, IEE, JETS, SAE, SEE, Sloane Career Cornerstone Center


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What information is available on line? citizens (2004)

  • We conducted a comprehensive review of engineering education resources

    • By EAB and consultants

  • Conclusions:

    • Many “Engineering Resources” are actually focusing on Science and Mathematics

    • Resources for teachers are largely inadequate

    • Wrong message is sent about the nature of engineering and the life of engineers


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From Collegeboard.com: citizens (2004)Law


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From Collegeboard.com: citizens (2004)Broadcast Journalism


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From Collegeboard.com: citizens (2004)Civil Engineering


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From Collegeboard.com: citizens (2004)Civil Engineering


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From Collegeboard.com: citizens (2004)Civil Engineering


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From Collegeboard.com: citizens (2004)Mechanical Engineering


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From Collegeboard.com: citizens (2004)Electrical Engineering


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Good existing model citizens (2004)

  • Tryscience.org

    • “Your gateway to experience the excitement of contemporary science and technology through on and offline interactivity with science and technology centers worldwide.”

    • Science is exciting, and it's for everyone!

  • Partnership between

    • IBM

    • the New York Hall of Science

    • the Association of Science-Technology Centers

    • Science centers worldwide


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Next step – TryEngineering.org citizens (2004)

  • Companion site to tryscience.org

  • Comprehensive

  • Ultimate Audience: young people ages 9-18

  • Designed to convey excitement about engineering and design

    • Can-do attitude

    • Hands-on experience

    • Positive image of the engineering process and engineering

  • “Discover the creative engineer in you”


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TryEngineering.org citizens (2004)

A portal for students, parents, school counselors and teachers


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Unique features citizens (2004)

  • School search

  • Ask an Engineer

  • Ask a Student

  • Coming up: Opportunities

    • Pre-university students: summer camps, science fairs

    • University students: research opportunities, summer and co-op jobs

    • Graduating students: graduate study opportunities, academic jobs


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On-line Presence: TryEngineering citizens (2004)

  • TryEngineering.org is becoming an increasingly popular resource for the pre-university and university communities

40,000 visitors per month


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US (70%) citizens (2004)

India (5%)

China (3.3%)

Canada

United Kingdom

Austria

Australia

Malaysia

Germany

Japan

Thailand

South Africa

Korea

Brazil

Countries of Users: English Version


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Most Requested Files: Lesson Plans citizens (2004)

  • Build a robot arm

    • Close to 17,000 downloads

  • Cracking the Code (bar codes)

  • Critical Load (Civil Engineering)


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Australia citizens (2004)

Brazil

Canada

Pakistan

France

Germany

India

Japan

Korea

Mexico

New Zealand

Malaysia

South Africa

United Kingdom

United States

What’s new

New University Searches: 15 Countries


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What’s new citizens (2004)

New Languages

1 June 2007


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What’s new citizens (2004)

A New Original Game: Questioneering

Question: The following are examples of word processing applications:

Questions created by 26 graduate students, engineers, and engineering professors

  • LaTex and Microsoft Word

  • MIDI and RS-232

  • Pdf and PCM

  • QWERTY and AZERTY


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What’s new citizens (2004)

A New Original Game: Questioneering

Question: Artificial neural networks are...

  • Brain implants designed by biomedical engineers

  • Models of interconnected processors used for signal processing and computation

  • Neuron architectures present in people who were in bad brain accidents

  • Internet discussion groups devoted to Cognitive Science

We are looking for an Intern to provide players with more feedback


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What’s new citizens (2004)

Future services – focus on the University/College Student

  • Effective oral and written presentations

  • Job search and preparation for interview

  • Writing a resume

  • Looking for graduate school

    • Graduate school homepage already available through University Search


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Future Services – interviews with students and practitioners

  • Interviews with students from California State University, Northridge

  • Interviews with ECE and Biomedical Engineering practitioners engaged in Biometrics work


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Coming in practitioners

August 2007

Future services: www.Accreditation.org

  • This website was purchased by EAB in an auction

    • We also own EngineeringAccreditation.org

  • We are working on content:

    • Introduction to Accreditation

    • List of recognized accrediting bodies worldwide

      • And the programs they accredit

    • List of mutual recognition agreements

      • Including original texts and commentary

    • Policy papers on accreditation

    • Links and scholarly papers


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Teacher In Service Program practitioners“Engineering in the Classroom”


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The Teacher In Service Program (TISP) practitioners

  • A program that trains IEEE volunteers to work with pre-university teachers

  • Based on approved Lesson Plans

    • Prepared by IEEE volunteered

    • Tested in classrooms

    • Associated with Education Standards

    • Designed to highlight engineering design principles

    • The cost is less than $100 for a class of 30


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How does it work? practitioners

  • Section volunteers run a TISP training event

  • EAB provides logistical support and instructors

  • Volunteers gather for a day and a half of training

    • With teachers and school administrators

  • Volunteers spread the program in their school districts


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Boston (R1) practitioners

Indianapolis (R4)

Memphis (R3)

Kuala Lumpur (R10)

Cape Town (R8)

Piura, Peru (R9)

Rio de Janeiro (R9)

Baltimore (R2)

Dallas (R5)

2006-2007Complete Underway


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Expected attendance practitioners


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Recent information “From the Field” practitioners

  • Six new programs in South Africa

    • To subject advisors and educators

    • Total number of affected teachers will be more than 700

  • Four new programs in Malaysia

    • 160 teachers

  • Continued support from RAB and IEEE-USA


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Activity Sample practitioners

http://www.ieee.org/web/education/preuniversity/tispt/lessons.html

http://www.ieee.org/web/education/preuniversity/tispt/slessons.html


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Rotational Equilibrium: practitionersA Question of Balance

Demonstrate the concept of rotational equilibrium, by building and testing a Mobile


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Build working models practitionerswith household items


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Design and Build a Better Candy Bag practitioners

Lesson Focus

  • Demonstrate how product design differences can affect the success of a final product

    • in this case a bag for holding candy.

  • Students work in pairs to evaluate, design, and build a better candy bag


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What’s new practitioners

New Lesson Plans


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Sort it Out practitioners

Sticky Engineering Challenge

Ship the Chip

Move That Lighthouse!

A Question of Balance

Program Your Own Game

Engineering Air Traffic

Pipeline Challenge

Infrared Investigations

Hull Engineering

Engineered Sports

Engineered Memory

Wind Tunnel Testing

What’s new

Additional New Lesson Plans


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Questions and comments practitioners


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