Unit B4: . Economic activity and energy Review 2. Week 10. Key idea 2: The location and growth of particular types of economic activity are influenced by a range of factors.
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Economic activity and energy
More and better jobs activities
Tertiary sector grows
More personal income
Greater demand for goods and services
More personal spending
Cycle of growth of tertiary and quaternary industry
More D&T - quaternary
New inventions give more choice
People want the new hi-tech goods
Greater disposable income
What is CBD?
Why might industry move there?
What is the rural urban fringe
Most were nearly worked out England
Some were too expensive to mine – there was cheaper coal to bought in Eastern Europe.
Shipping was no longer important – there had been booms during both world wars, but shipbuilding in Korea and Japan was much more up-to-date and cheaper. The last ships were built in the 1980s.
The Jarrow marchers came from a shipyeard community that had 76% unemployment in the depression of the 1930s.
…..the EU, the government and the local authorities did their best to bring employment.
They used many of the methods to entice investors:
The financial assistance is in the form of:
job creation grants
rates or rent free periods
assistance with preparation of the siteThe UK coal mines were shut in the 1970s
Being one of the poorest areas in the UK ….
These developments have further diversified the types of manufacturing industry (motor, electronics, off-shore supplies), and have provided more opportunity for office and retail work. The region has been particularly successful in attracting call centres, which employ more than 30,000 people.
The A 19offers a major north-south transport route for the shipping in of components needed to build the cars and the export of the finished product to a European market.
This is the Nissan plant, attracted to the NE by government grants and a strong tradition of engineering in the region.
Additional land is available for expansion.
The site is close to the major cities of Newcastle an Sunderland, a handy and skilled workforce.
The Nissan site was built on a brownfield, close to farming areas
The Nissan plant occupies a site of over 2miles2
The river Wear offers another transport option
This major transport axis is good for workers and the movement of finished products and components.
The room for expansion is clear here
A test track – fancy a drive?
NEW STUFF weeks 11/12 photosKey idea 3: Increased economic production creates a rising demand for energy and/or energy efficiency.