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Analogy based Questions: Theory and Practice for GRE & CAT(Online Class). ONLINE CLASS By: Satyadhar Joshi Feb 2011 Email:[email protected] The most comprehensive class on Analogy. / /. Contents of Plan. Introduction

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analogy based questions theory and practice for gre cat online class

Analogy based Questions: Theory and Practice for GRE & CAT(Online Class)

ONLINE CLASS By: Satyadhar Joshi

Feb 2011

Email:[email protected]

The most comprehensive class on Analogy

contents of plan
Contents of Plan


Types of links and probabilities

When you don’t know


Application and imbibing techniques

Analogy bible from Big book ETS, Nova, Barons

List from Bible


key concepts
Key concepts

Before looking at answer think of the short sentence that makes the relationship

Example Fish : School, here the group of fish is called a school ; Club: golf, (Club is used to play Golf)

Types of relations

Eliminate choices with no relationship (imp:brahmastra)

Watch for eye catchers

Use part of speech for the words

You can reverse the words or carefully make your own sentences (stem)

Conjecture is an important skill

Use 30-50 seconds, don’t be over-fast

Diplomatic language is importance issue here too

types of analogy
Types of Analogy

Synonyms & Antonyms

Member and class

Degree of intensity (stronger, harsher, or more in degree)

Part of whole


Lack of

Manner of


Action & significance

Pertaining to

Different connotation

Worker and action & worker and workplace

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova

constrains of the examiner
Constrains of the Examiner

He cannot give any other relation than the 10

Relation should be strong

Answer should be non controversial

Two basic themes are antonyms and synonyms

The answer or the brahm-astrawe have is the “Power of Elimination”

Even if we don’t know the meaning then also we have to use POE carefully as we cannot skip the question and our slightest of idea about the words can benefit us

when you don t know the meaning
When you don’t know the meaning

How to guess?

There are few relationship which are common

My personal estimates are that 70% of analogy are antonym & synonym based

Verb vs Verb & Adjvsadj

collection or grouping
Collection or Grouping

Philately: stamp ( collector of stamps)

Numismatics: coin ( collector of coins)

secondary meanings
Secondary meanings

Pan: camera ( pan in very means rotating a camera)

Page70; Book: GRE Barron\'s

determination of word s part of speech
Determination of word’s part of speech

Sap: vitality :: drain : resolve

more examples of guessing practice
More examples of guessing: Practice

Cloyed: Jaded::

A) Circumscribed: trifling

B) Insatiable: cormorant

C) Effeminate: conscientious

D) Rectilinear: graceful

E) Penurious: fatuous


Correct answer is B

Type of question: Synonyms

Elimination of irrelevant answers

Secondary meaning of Cormorant is greedy

practice session
Practice Session

Draconian: coercion ::

Insouciant: resplendence

Munificent: philanthropy

Blatant: concealment

Submissive: consequent

Spent: existence

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova


Correct answer is B

Type of question: Property

Elimination of irrelevant answers

Draconian has strict and coercive rules, similarly munificent has philanthropic behavior

degree question
Degree question

Resolute : Will::

Violent : peaceful

Fanatic : concern

Balky : contrary

Notorious : infamy

Virtuous : wholesome

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova


Answer is B

Power of elimination can be applied

Possible relation exploration

Resolute means very strong willed, fanatic means very strong concern

degree question16
Degree Question

Saturate : Dampen ::

Contaminate : pollute

Besmirch : sully

Extol : praise

Waive : donate

Pronounce: presume

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova


Answer is C

Saturate is to dampen thoroughly, similar to extol is to praise highly

Degree check


Don’t get confused in synonyms and antonyms

example of worker tool
Example of Worker & Tool

Welder : Torch

Carpenter : file

Farmer : plow

Printer : binder

Painter : roller

Sailor : compass

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova


Answer is C

Welder uses a torch, printer uses binder


A & S

spatial order questions
Spatial order questions

Epilogue : story

Postscript : Epistle

Preface : Manuscript

Foundation : ground

Title : cognomen

Alphabet : missive

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova


Epilogue comes as a summary towards the end of a story, similarly postscript comes at end of Epistle

Hence answer is A

Use elimination

Depict all possible reason when not sure about meaning

tough questions
Tough questions

Hector : Equanimity

Quicken : cognition

Harass : contravention

Affirm : scruple

Deviate : Itinerary

Maraud : locality

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova


Hector, the word comes from a roman hero of the famous Trojan war.

Hector is to intimidate, whereas equanimity is calmness of mind

Now affirm means assert, and scruple means misgivings or doubt

Hence the correct answer is C

This is a tough question where B is the eye catcher

Also notable is the importance of Greek based words

another tough one
Another tough one

Peccadillo : Flaw ::

Mediator : dispute

Grammar : error

Nick : Score

Forensic : judiciary

Invasion : putsch

Page 400-450, From Book: GRE Nova


Ans C

Peccadillo is a small flaw likewise nick is small score

Here Error is the eye catcher

Be careful in these questions

another question example of noun and diplomatic languge
Another question (Example of Noun and Diplomatic Languge)

Aristocrat : Land ::

Bureaucracy : enslavement

Monarchy : abnegation

Gentry : talent

Dignity : rank

Junta : anarchy


Answer is D


Eliminate A also due to diplomacy language

Also land is noun, therefore the answer cannot have adjective or very on the right side

An Aristocrat has privilege due to land, similar a dignitary has rank

vocabulary for tough questions
Vocabulary for Tough Questions

Limp is to walk unevenly similarly stutter is to walk unevenly

Awl is used to pierce, similarly pestle is used to mash

Splint is used to reduce mobility, similarly is used to reduce friction

Reticent is one who talks less, abstemious is one who doesn’t gorge himself

Curator is person who collects or hold many paining, similarly the librarian holds a collection of books

Astrolabe is a nautical instrument, similarly colander is a culinary instrument (Engineering)

To complain a lot is called carp, similarly to drink a lot is called guzzle

Filigree is twisted wires, similarly lace is twisted thread (clothes)

Corral is collection of horse, similarly coop is collection of chicken

Page 2-5, Analogy Bible

vocabulary for tough questions29
Vocabulary for Tough Questions

Painter paints on canvas to make his painting, similarly sculptor uses marble to make the statue (Art renaissance)

Fresco is a painting on wall, similarly parquetry is painting on floor (Renaissance)

Alcove: recess :: dome : roof

Doggerel is poor verse, burlesque is poor plat (arts)

Peroration is ending speech, coda is end of sonata (Literature poems)

Embroider is design on clothing, likewise chase is design on/using metals (clothes and arts)

Tourniquet is used to check flow of blood, like dam checks river (medical term)

Grow : burgeon :: beat : palpitate

Epitaph is inscription on tombstone :: motto is on shield

Simper is irritating smile, babble is senseless talk

Page 6-9, Analogy Bible

vocabulary for tough questions30
Vocabulary for Tough Questions

Egg chicken :: roe salmon

Embellish : austere :: adulterate : pure

Clay is used in porcelain, like flax is used in linen

Parquet is decoration of : wood :: mosaic : glass

Needle is used to make knit, likewise loom is used for weave

Hemorrhage causes bleeding, likewise vertigo causes dizziness

Pluck : quit :: pride : grovel (political social)

Epidermis : mammal :: bark conifer

Leaf : oak :: needle (leaf of pine): pine

Voting : roll call :: terminate : cloture (political words)

Page 9-11, Analogy Bible

vocabulary for tough questions31
Vocabulary for Tough Questions

Tango : dance :: elegy : poem

Usury is taking high interest, similarly gouge is to make high price

Stray : group :: digress : subject

Enunciate is to speak clear words, likewise limn is to draw lines

Muffler : neck :: mitten :: hand

Denture (false teeth): teeth :: toupee (wig or artificial hairs) : hair

Script is of play : like score is for symphony

Potter : shard :: bread : crumb

Frieze : ornament :: pillar : support

Foil : metal :: veneer : wood

vocabulary for tough questions32
Vocabulary for Tough Questions

Fidget : nervousness :: cringe : dread(fearfully)

Fang : tooth :: finger digit

Bolster : Support :: Tackle : Hoist

Ballad : stanza :: novel : chapter

Silver : tarnish :: Iron : rust (economics)


Take more test and use the methods shown in this presentation

While practice use even the slightest idea you have about the word


GRE Barron\'s (Buy the book which is requisite for this class

GRE Nova’s (Buy the book which is requisite for this class at

Analogy Bible