slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
MIRACLE IN PHILADEPHIA:

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 68

MIRACLE IN PHILADEPHIA: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on

MIRACLE IN PHILADEPHIA:. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. JAMES MADISON. “FATHER OF THE CONSTITUTION”. MADISONIAN MODEL. MADISON’S MIND SET. THE NATIONAL PRINCIPLE. CURB STATE POWER FROM IRRESPONSIBLE POLICY AND ACTING AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' MIRACLE IN PHILADEPHIA:' - chione


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

MIRACLE IN

PHILADEPHIA:

THE CONSTITUTIONAL

CONVENTION

slide2

JAMES MADISON

“FATHER OF THE

CONSTITUTION”

slide5
CURB STATE POWER FROM IRRESPONSIBLE POLICY AND ACTING AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD
  • NATIONAL POLICY INSTEAD OF COMPETING & CONTRADICTORY STATE POLICY
slide6
ARTICLES DECENTRALIZE POWER TOO MUCH
  • ONE NATION, RATHER THAN A PACT OF SOVEREIGN STATES
slide7

THWART TYRANNY OF

THE MAJORITY

slide8
PLACE AS MUCH GOVT. AS POSSIBLE BEYOND THE DIRECT CONTROL OF THE MAJORITY
  • SEPARATION OF POWERS
  • CHECKS AND BALANCES
slide10
DECENTRALIZE POWER IN CENTRAL GOVT.
  • CREATE AN “EXTENDED REPUBLIC”
  • INDIRECTLY ELECTED OFFICIALS
slide11

MADISON\'S IDEAS ON GOVT.

SERVED AS THE BASIS

FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATE

AT THE CONVENTION

slide12

LONE NY

DELEGATE

ALEXANDER HAMILTON

slide13

YOUNG (32) & ARROGANT

FAVORED A

STRONG

CENTRAL

GOVERNMENT

slide14

CO-AUTHOR

OF

THE FEDERALIST

slide15

“Why has government been instituted at all? Because the passions of men will not conform to the dictates of reason and justice, without constraint.”

    • -Alexander Hamilton-
slide16

CT- AUTHOR OF

THE GREAT OR

CONNECTICUT

COMPROMISE

ROGER SHERMAN

slide17

The upper house (Senate) would have equal representation and be elected by the lower house

The lower house (House of Representatives) would be subject to proportional representation

slide18

MA DELEGATE-

WOULD LEAD

FIGHT

AGAINST

RATIFICATION

ELBRIDGE GERRY

slide19

"I had rather be a free citizen of the small republic of Massachusetts, than an oppressed subject of the great American empire."-Elbridge Gerry-

slide21

AREAS OF

AGREEMENT

slide22

HUMAN NATURE

1. PEOPLE ARE

SELF-INTERESTED

slide23

2. PEOPLE LIKE,

AND ABUSE,

POWER

slide24

3. FACTIONS

INEVITABLE &

LEAD TO

POLITICAL

CONFLICT

slide25

“faction, a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.”

- James Madison, Federalist 10

slide26

TO DESTROY THEM

WOULD BE TO

DESTROY LIBERTY

slide27

TO GO UNCHECKED

FACTIONS WILL

DESTROY GOVT.

slide28

“But what is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”

– James Madison-

slide29

4. GOAL OR PURPOSE

OF GOVT. WAS TO

PROTECT & PRESERVE

PROPERTY RIGHTS

slide30

5. GOVERNMENT

MUST BE BALANCED

STATE

GOVT.

NAT\'L

GOVT.

slide31

6. POWER NEEDS TO

BE DISPERSED

slide34

“the great security against a (tyranny), consists in giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others. Ambition must be made to counteract ambition.”

- James Madison, Federalist 51-

slide35

AREAS OF

DISAGREEMENT

slide36

1. REPRESENTATION

DISAGREEMENTS:

PEOPLE OR STATES?

slide38

VIRGINIA OR LARGE

STATE PLAN

RUTLEDGE &

MADISON

slide39

ELECT

ELECT

LOWER

HOUSE

UPPER

HOUSE

slide40

ELECT

WHO SAID "NO WAY!"?

ELECT

LOWER

HOUSE

UPPER

HOUSE

slide41

NEW JERSEY OR

SMALL STATE PLAN

WILLIAM

PATERSON

slide42

EQUALLY

REPRESENTED

slide43

MAJOR

STALEMATE

HOW WAS IT

RESOLVED?

slide44

2 EACH

ELECT

COMPROMISE

slide45

SLAVERY

DISAGREEMENTS:

SHOULD SLAVES BE

COUNTED AND TAXED?

slide46

YES TO COUNTING

NO TO TAXING SLAVES-

WHY?

slide47

NO TO COUNTING

YES TO TAXING SLAVES-

WHY?

slide48

MAJOR

STALEMATE

HOW WAS IT

RESOLVED?

slide49

140,178

+ 3/5 108,895

140,178

+ 65,337

= 205,515

3/5 COMPROMISE

slide50

ECONOMICS &

DISAGREEMENTS

COMMERCE COMPROMISES

slide51

$54 MILLION IN1787

$539,896,802.21

CONVERTED TO TODAY

slide52

STATES COULD NO

LONGER COIN $$$

slide54

ONLY CONGRESS

COULD REGULATE

FREE TRADE

INTERSTATE COMMERCE

slide55

THE NEW

NATIONAL

GOVT. COULD...

slide61

5. POLITICAL EQUALITY

DISAGREEMENTS:

UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE OR

QUALIFICATIONS TO VOTE?

slide62

FRAMERS COULD NOT

DECIDE & LEFT

IT TO THE STATES

slide64

AFTER 109 DAYS IN

STIFLING HEAT,

A MOTION WAS MADE TO

APPROVE THE DOCUMENT-

TEN STATES VOTED YES

& TWO ABSTAINED

slide65

39 OF THE 55

DELEGATES WOULD

SIGN THE DOCUMENT

slide66

THE MEMBERS THEN

ADJOURNED TO

A TAVERN

slide67

Consequently, anxious citizens gathered outside Independence Hall when the proceedings ended in order to learn what had been produced behind closed doors. The answer was provided immediately. A Mrs. Powel of Philadelphia asked Benjamin Franklin,

"Well, Doctor, what have we got, a republic or a monarchy?"

With no hesitation whatsoever, Franklin responded,

"A republic, if you can keep it." 

slide68

THE REAL WORK & STRUGGLE

NOW LAY AHEAD- THE

DOCUMENT HAD TO BE

RATIFIED BY 9 OF 13 STATES

ad