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MIRACLE IN PHILADEPHIA:. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. JAMES MADISON. “FATHER OF THE CONSTITUTION”. MADISONIAN MODEL. MADISON’S MIND SET. THE NATIONAL PRINCIPLE. CURB STATE POWER FROM IRRESPONSIBLE POLICY AND ACTING AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD

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MIRACLE IN

PHILADEPHIA:

THE CONSTITUTIONAL

CONVENTION


JAMES MADISON

“FATHER OF THE

CONSTITUTION”


Madison s mind set

MADISONIAN MODEL

MADISON’S MIND SET





THWART TYRANNY OF AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD

THE MAJORITY



SUSPICION OF POWER AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD



MADISON'S IDEAS ON GOVT. AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD

SERVED AS THE BASIS

FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATE

AT THE CONVENTION


LONE NY AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD

DELEGATE

ALEXANDER HAMILTON


YOUNG (32) & ARROGANT AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD

FAVORED A

STRONG

CENTRAL

GOVERNMENT


CO-AUTHOR AGAINST THE COMMON GOOD

OF

THE FEDERALIST



CT- AUTHOR OF passions of men will not conform to the dictates of reason and justice, without constraint.”

THE GREAT OR

CONNECTICUT

COMPROMISE

ROGER SHERMAN


The upper house (Senate) would have equal representation and be elected by the lower house

The lower house (House of Representatives) would be subject to proportional representation


MA DELEGATE- be elected by the lower house

WOULD LEAD

FIGHT

AGAINST

RATIFICATION

ELBRIDGE GERRY


"I had rather be a free citizen of the small republic of Massachusetts, than an oppressed subject of the great American empire."-Elbridge Gerry-


THE MEETING Massachusetts, than an oppressed subject of the great American empire."

AGENDA


AREAS OF Massachusetts, than an oppressed subject of the great American empire."

AGREEMENT


HUMAN NATURE Massachusetts, than an oppressed subject of the great American empire."

1. PEOPLE ARE

SELF-INTERESTED


2. PEOPLE LIKE, Massachusetts, than an oppressed subject of the great American empire."

AND ABUSE,

POWER


3. FACTIONS Massachusetts, than an oppressed subject of the great American empire."

INEVITABLE &

LEAD TO

POLITICAL

CONFLICT


“faction, a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.”

- James Madison, Federalist 10


TO DESTROY THEM majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.”

WOULD BE TO

DESTROY LIBERTY


TO GO UNCHECKED majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.”

FACTIONS WILL

DESTROY GOVT.


“But what is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”

– James Madison-


4. GOAL OR PURPOSE reflections on human nature?

OF GOVT. WAS TO

PROTECT & PRESERVE

PROPERTY RIGHTS


5. GOVERNMENT reflections on human nature?

MUST BE BALANCED

STATE

GOVT.

NAT'L

GOVT.


6. POWER NEEDS TO reflections on human nature?

BE DISPERSED


POWER CHECKING POWER reflections on human nature?


POWER CHECKING POWER reflections on human nature?


“the great security against a (tyranny), consists in giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others. Ambition must be made to counteract ambition.”

- James Madison, Federalist 51-


AREAS OF giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

DISAGREEMENT


1. REPRESENTATION giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

DISAGREEMENTS:

PEOPLE OR STATES?


BIG giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others. v. SMALL STATES


VIRGINIA OR LARGE giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

STATE PLAN

RUTLEDGE &

MADISON


ELECT giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

ELECT

LOWER

HOUSE

UPPER

HOUSE


ELECT giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

WHO SAID "NO WAY!"?

ELECT

LOWER

HOUSE

UPPER

HOUSE


NEW JERSEY OR giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

SMALL STATE PLAN

WILLIAM

PATERSON


EQUALLY giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

REPRESENTED


MAJOR giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

STALEMATE

HOW WAS IT

RESOLVED?


2 EACH giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

ELECT

COMPROMISE


SLAVERY giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

DISAGREEMENTS:

SHOULD SLAVES BE

COUNTED AND TAXED?


YES TO COUNTING giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

NO TO TAXING SLAVES-

WHY?


NO TO COUNTING giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

YES TO TAXING SLAVES-

WHY?


MAJOR giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

STALEMATE

HOW WAS IT

RESOLVED?


140,178 giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

+ 3/5 108,895

140,178

+ 65,337

= 205,515

3/5 COMPROMISE


ECONOMICS & giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

DISAGREEMENTS

COMMERCE COMPROMISES


$54 MILLION IN1787 giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

$539,896,802.21

CONVERTED TO TODAY


STATES COULD NO giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

LONGER COIN $$$


ONLY CONGRESS giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

COULD REGULATE

FREE TRADE

INTERSTATE COMMERCE


THE NEW giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

NATIONAL

GOVT. COULD...


1. BORROW giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.


2. TAX giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.


3. TAX IMPORTS giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

(TARIFFS)


NOT EXPORTS giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.


4. SOLE POWER TO giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

COIN MONEY


5. POLITICAL EQUALITY giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

DISAGREEMENTS:

UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE OR

QUALIFICATIONS TO VOTE?


FRAMERS COULD NOT giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

DECIDE & LEFT

IT TO THE STATES


WHAT DID THE STATES DO? giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.


AFTER 109 DAYS IN giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

STIFLING HEAT,

A MOTION WAS MADE TO

APPROVE THE DOCUMENT-

TEN STATES VOTED YES

& TWO ABSTAINED


39 OF THE 55 giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

DELEGATES WOULD

SIGN THE DOCUMENT


THE MEMBERS THEN giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.

ADJOURNED TO

A TAVERN


Consequently, anxious citizens gathered outside Independence Hall when the proceedings ended in order to learn what had been produced behind closed doors. The answer was provided immediately. A Mrs. Powel of Philadelphia asked Benjamin Franklin,

"Well, Doctor, what have we got, a republic or a monarchy?"

With no hesitation whatsoever, Franklin responded,

"A republic, if you can keep it." 


THE REAL WORK & STRUGGLE Hall when the proceedings ended in order to learn what had been produced behind closed doors. The answer was provided immediately. A Mrs. Powel of Philadelphia asked Benjamin Franklin,

NOW LAY AHEAD- THE

DOCUMENT HAD TO BE

RATIFIED BY 9 OF 13 STATES


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