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2014? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Each era is remembered for something : 1920’s – Roaring Twenties, Ford Model T 1930’s – The Great Depression 1950’s – car, tv , rock n’ roll, rise of middle class America 1960’s – Space Race, Civil Rights 1970’s – Vietnam, protests. 2014?. Slavery. This topic defined this era…

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Each era is remembered for something:1920’s – Roaring Twenties, Ford Model T1930’s – The Great Depression1950’s – car, tv, rock n’ roll, rise of middle class America1960’s – Space Race, Civil Rights1970’s – Vietnam, protests


  • This topic defined this era…
  • Despite the topic being so clear to us today…
  • At the time, there were many sides to the story, many opinions
    • Southerners, Northerners, free African Americans, business owners, workers, plantation owners, Quakers, indentured servants, poor whites
    • What were other countries doing? GB? France?
    • Politicians hesitant to lay down the law (fearing the loss of their own job)
    • Fear of ruining the economy
  • It took hundreds of years to build up to the conclusion of overt slavery in America
    • Some argue covert forms of slavery still exist today around the world
  • At the debate’s height, thousands spoke out against slavery. Equally thousands spoke out as to why it is needed for the success of the nation.
  • Abolishing slavery became a focus.
    • To abolish
      • To put an end to something
  • An abolitionist
    • A person who favors the ending of a practice or institution (ex. slavery)
  • The movement stalled many times along the way
    • Due to social concerns, economics, and politics
      • The institution of slavery had been going on for 25 centuries (prior to it coming to America), why would we change this now?
      • Wouldn’t ending slavery devastate the cotton economy of the South (and therefore, the manufacturing industry of the North)?
      • Who was going to be the politician that not only morally opposed slavery but PROPOSED a law to end slavery?
        • Risk losing their job (constituents may not vote him into office again)
        • Risk of life/death (lynched or attacked by southerners)
  • The movement stalled even among the very people that wanted to end slavery…
  • Abolitionists splintered themselves about:
    • How to end slavery (state govt. or federal govt.)?
    • To what degree should slavery be stopped (partially, entirely, gradually, all at once)?
    • Who will take care of all these newly freed persons?
    • Where will they all go?
    • etc.
  • The fight was long and messy
  • 1865 – Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery
  • 1868 – Fourteenth Amendment granted equal citizenship under the law to anyone born in the United States
  • 1870 – Fifteenth Amendment right to vote: black, adult males
  • 1960’s – Civil Rights movement
    • Equality in pay, jobs, education, etc.
    • Equal opportunity